TemplesTamilnadu State

Annamalaiyar Temple Thiruvannamalai Tamil Nadu

Annamalaiyar Temple In Thiruvannamalai


The Annamalaiyar Temple, also known as the Arulmigu Arunachaleswarar Temple, is a prominent Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. Located in the town of Thiruvannamalai in the state of Tamil Nadu, India, it is one of the largest temples in the country and is considered one of the holiest pilgrimage sites for Shaivites.

History and Legend:

The history of the Annamalaiyar Temple dates back thousands of years. According to legend, Lord Shiva appeared as a column of light, the Arunachala Hill, and the temple was built around it. The temple has witnessed the rise and fall of various dynasties and has been a center of worship and pilgrimage for countless devotees throughout its history. Its legends and traditions continue to inspire and captivate visitors to this day.


The Annamalaiyar Temple in Thiruvannamalai showcases a magnificent Dravidian architectural style. The temple complex spans a vast area and features intricate carvings, sculptures, and towering gateways called “Gopurams.” The main tower, known as the “Raja Gopuram,” is one of the tallest in India. The temple’s architecture includes multiple prakarams (enclosures), mandapams (halls), and shrines. The craftsmanship and attention to detail in the carvings depict scenes from Hindu mythology, showcasing the artistic mastery of the artisans. The architectural grandeur of the Annamalaiyar Temple leaves visitors awe-struck, making it a visual and spiritual delight.

Sanctum Sanctorum:

The sanctum sanctorum of the Annamalaiyar Temple houses the presiding deity, Lord Arunachaleswarar. It is the holiest and most sacred part of the temple. Within the sanctum, Lord Arunachaleswarar is represented by a lingam, a symbolic form of Lord Shiva. Devotees offer prayers, perform rituals, and seek blessings from Lord Shiva in this sacred space. The sanctum is adorned with elaborate decorations, including precious metals, garlands, and lamps. The divine energy and spiritual aura within the sanctum create a profound atmosphere of devotion and reverence, drawing devotees closer to the divine presence of Lord Arunachaleswarar.

Karthigai Deepam Festival:

The Karthigai Deepam Festival is a grand celebration held annually at the Annamalaiyar Temple in Thiruvannamalai. It takes place during the Tamil month of Karthigai (November-December). The highlight of the festival is the lighting of a gigantic lamp atop Annamalai Hill, visible from miles around. This lamp called the “Mahadeepam,” is lit using ghee (clarified butter) and is considered a divine manifestation of Lord Shiva’s grace. The festival attracts a large number of devotees who participate in special prayers, processions, and cultural performances, and witness the mesmerizing sight of the illuminated hill, creating a spiritually uplifting and enchanting atmosphere.


Girivalam is a sacred practice of circumambulating the Annamalai Hill, which surrounds the Annamalaiyar Temple in Thiruvannamalai. The path for Girivalam is approximately 14 kilometers in length and encircles the hill. Devotees undertake this spiritual walk, often during full moon nights, as a form of penance and to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva. Along the path, there are shrines, meditation spots, and water tanks where devotees can pause for prayers and reflection. Girivalam is considered a powerful and transformative experience, believed to cleanse the mind, purify the soul, and strengthen the spiritual connection with Lord Shiva.

Pancha Bhoota Stalas:

The Annamalaiyar Temple is one of the Pancha Bhoota Stalas, representing the five elements of nature in Hindu mythology. Each of the Pancha Bhoota Stalas is associated with a specific element, and Annamalaiyar Temple represents the element of fire (Agni). The temple’s architecture, rituals, and worship are centered around this concept. The presence of Lord Shiva as Arunachaleswarar, the embodiment of fire, symbolizes the transformative and purifying power of fire. The Pancha Bhoota Stalas hold great significance for devotees, who believe that worshiping at these temples can bring balance and harmony to the five elements within themselves and the universe.


Annamalaiyar Temple Timings :-

Here are Annamalaiyar temple times:

Day Annamalaiyar temple timings
Sunday 5:30 AM – 12:30 PM & 3:30 PM – 9:30 PM
Monday 5:30 AM – 12:30 PM & 3:30 PM – 9:30 PM
Tuesday 5:30 AM – 12:30 PM & 3:30 PM – 9:30 PM
Wednesday 5:30 AM – 12:30 PM & 3:30 PM – 9:30 PM
Thursday 5:30 AM – 12:30 PM & 3:30 PM – 9:30 PM
Friday 5:30 AM – 12:30 PM & 3:30 PM – 9:30 PM
Saturday 5:30 AM – 12:30 PM & 3:30 PM – 9:30 PM


Annamalaiyar Temple Thiruvannamalai Tamil Nadu



Annamalaiyar Temple In Thiruvannamalai


Festivals and Rituals:

The Annamalaiyar Temple hosts numerous festivals and rituals throughout the year, attracting devotees and visitors from far and wide. Some of the major festivals include Arudra Darshanam, Maha Shivaratri, Panguni Uthiram, and Thai Poosam. These festivals are marked by elaborate rituals, processions, music, dance, and cultural performances. Devotees participate in special prayers, and abhishekams (ritualistic bathing of the deity), and offer various offerings to seek the blessings of Lord Shiva. The festive atmosphere, vibrant decorations, and devotional fervor make these occasions a time of celebration, devotion, and spiritual rejuvenation for all who partake.

Religious Significance:

The Annamalaiyar Temple holds immense religious significance for Shaivites and devotees of Lord Shiva. It is believed that worshiping at the temple and seeking the darshan (sight) of Lord Arunachaleswarar can bestow divine blessings and grant liberation from the cycle of birth and death. The temple is considered a powerful spiritual center where devotees can experience the presence and grace of Lord Shiva. The rituals, festivals, and sacred practices conducted at the temple foster a deep sense of devotion and provide an opportunity for spiritual growth, inner transformation, and the attainment of divine blessings.

Facilities for Devotees:

The Annamalaiyar Temple provides various facilities to cater to the needs of devotees and pilgrims. The temple offers accommodation options, ranging from simple rooms to guesthouses, where visitors can stay during their visit. Free meals, known as annadanam, are served to pilgrims, ensuring that no one goes hungry. The temple complex also includes bathing ghats for ritual purification, meditation halls for spiritual practices, and a temple museum showcasing the history and artifacts of the temple. Additionally, the temple administration ensures the smooth conduct of rituals and provides guidance and assistance to devotees throughout their visits.

Influence on Art and Culture:

The Annamalaiyar Temple has had a profound influence on the art and culture of Tamil Nadu. It has inspired generations of poets, musicians, and artists who have created devotional compositions, music, and dance forms dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temple’s intricate carvings and sculptures have served as a rich source of inspiration for traditional artisans. The festivals and rituals held at the temple have also contributed to the cultural fabric of the region, showcasing the vibrant traditions and practices of Shaivism. The temple’s influence on art and culture continues to be celebrated and appreciated, preserving and enriching the heritage of Tamil Nadu.

Nearby Attractions :

Thiruvannamalai, the location of the Annamalaiyar Temple, offers several nearby attractions for visitors to explore. Here are some notable attractions:

Arunachala Hill: The sacred Arunachala Hill is an important pilgrimage site in Thiruvannamalai. It is believed to be a manifestation of Lord Shiva and offers beautiful hiking trails, meditation spots, and scenic viewpoints.

Virupaksha Cave: Located on the slopes of Arunachala Hill, the Virupaksha Cave is a serene meditation spot where the great saint Sri Ramana Maharshi spent several years in deep contemplation. It attracts spiritual seekers and devotees seeking solace.

Sathanur Dam: Situated around 30 kilometers from Thiruvannamalai, Sathanur Dam is a picturesque reservoir surrounded by lush greenery. It offers boating facilities and is a popular picnic spot.

Gingee Fort: Located approximately 60 kilometers from Thiruvannamalai, Gingee Fort is a remarkable historical site. It is known for its impressive architecture, ancient temples, and panoramic views from its ramparts.

Mamara Guhai: Mamara Guhai, also known as Skandashramam, is a cave ashram located on Arunachala Hill. It is associated with the spiritual journey of Sri Ramana Maharshi and offers a tranquil atmosphere for meditation and reflection.

Ramana Maharshi Ashram: The Sri Ramanasramam is the ashram established by Sri Ramana Maharshi, a renowned spiritual teacher. It is a peaceful place where devotees can learn about his teachings, meditate, and attend Satsang (spiritual discourses).

Gingee Ranganathar Temple: Situated near Gingee Fort, the Gingee Ranganathar Temple is a famous Vaishnavite temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu. It boasts beautiful architecture and attracts devotees with its religious significance.

Yogi Ramsuratkumar Ashram: The Yogi Ramsuratkumar Ashram is a serene ashram dedicated to the revered saint Yogi Ramsuratkumar. It is a place for meditation, prayer, and spiritual contemplation.

These nearby attractions offer visitors the opportunity to delve deeper into the cultural, historical, and spiritual aspects of the region while complementing their visit to the Annamalaiyar Temple.

How to reach Annamalaiyar Temple :

The Annamalaiyar Temple in Thiruvannamalai can be reached through various modes of transportation. Here are the common ways to reach the temple:

By Air: The nearest airport is Chennai International Airport, located approximately 185 kilometers away. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to Thiruvannamalai.

By Train: Thiruvannamalai has its railway station, which is well-connected to major cities in Tamil Nadu and other parts of India. Regular trains operate from Chennai, Bangalore, and other nearby cities to Thiruvannamalai. From the railway station, you can take an auto-rickshaw or a taxi to the temple.

By Road: Thiruvannamalai is well-connected by road networks. The temple town is easily accessible by buses, taxis, and private vehicles. National Highway 66 passes through Thiruvannamalai, making it convenient for road travel from nearby cities.

Local Transport: Once you reach Thiruvannamalai, you can hire auto-rickshaws, cycle rickshaws, or taxis to reach the Annamalaiyar Temple. They are readily available near the bus station, railway station, and other prominent locations.

It is advisable to check the local transport options and timings before planning your visit to ensure a smooth journey. Thiruvannamalai is a popular pilgrimage destination, so it is recommended to plan your visit during non-festival periods to avoid heavy crowds and ensure a more peaceful experience.


Address and Contact
Annamalaiyar Temple

Pavazhakundur, Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu 606601

Ph no: 04175 252 438

E-Mail – arunachaleswarar@tnhrce.org

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