Biography of A P J Abdul Kalam

Biography of A P J Abdul Kalam


A P J Abdul Kalam

Born: 15 October 1931. Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu

Death 27 July 2015. Shillong, Meghalaya

Position/Function: Former President of India

Successes as a scientist and engineer, he was involved in various important projects for Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as well as the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

Dr. A. P.J. Abdul Kalam was an eminent Indian scientist and was the eleventh president of India. He was a member of several important Indian organizations (DRDO as well as ISRO). He also played an important part in conducting the Pokhran II nuclear test in 1998. He was also a key player in the Pokhran II nuclear test. Kalam is also associated with India’s space program and missile development.

This is the reason he’s often referred to as Missile Man. Kalam was elected president of India in 2002. Following five years in office, Kalam returned to teaching, writing, and public service. Kalam has been awarded numerous prestigious awards, such as the Bharat Ratna, India’s most prestigious civilian award.

The first step is life.

Aul Pakir Zainulabdeen Abdul Kalam was born on the 15th of October 1931, in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu in the family of a Muslim family. He was the son of Zainulabidin was a seaman and his mom Ashiyamma employed as a homemaker. Because the family’s financial situation was poor, Kalam had to perform wage work at an early age. To support the family financially Kalam was employed as a delivery man for newspapers in the evenings after school.

While in school, Kalam, though average in academics, was eager and eager to discover new things. He was passionate about studying and would be studying for long hours. He graduated from Schwartz Matriculation School in Ramanathapuram and then enrolled at St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirappalli, and was awarded a degree in Physics in 1954. Then he moved to Madras in the year 1955, where he studied Aerospace Engineering from there. In the year 1960, Kalam completed his engineering at the Madras Institute of Technology. Madras Institute of Technology.


Biography of A P J Abdul Kalam


After graduating from engineering at The Madras Institute of Technology, Kalam was recruited by the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist. Kalam began his career with the design of an unmanned helicopter that was used in the Indian Army. Kalam was not happy with his job at DRDO. Kalam had also been a part of the Indian National Committee for Space Research established through Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru. In this way, I was able to collaborate with well-known space scientist Vikram Sarabhai.

In 1969 his position was changed to the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO). He was then appointed the director for India’s Satellite Launch Vehicle Project. After the success of this project, the first Indian satellite “Rohini” was put into the orbit of Earth in the year 1980. In the year 1980, joining ISRO marked the beginning of a new chapter of Kalam’s life and after Kalam started work on his Satellite Launch Vehicle project, Kalam felt he was doing what he was meant to accomplish.

In 1963-64, he went to during 1963-64, he also visited the US Space agency NASA. India carried out their first test of nuclear power under the direction of Nuclear expert Raja Ramanna, Kalam was also invited to observe the nuclear tests conducted at Pokhran in 1974.

Professor. Kalam became very famous in India during the eighties and seventies for his accomplishments and works, and his name is now regarded as one of the top scientists in the nation. His popularity grew so that then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi let him be involved in hidden projects with no consent of the cabinet.

The Government of India launched an expansive ‘Integrated Guided Missile development Program’ under the direction of Dr. The chief executive of the program. The project provided the nation with missiles such as Agni as well as Prithvi.

From July 1992 until December 1999 In the period July 1992 until December 1999, from July 1992 until December 1999, Dr. Kalam was Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister as well as Secretary of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO). India carried out the second test of nuclear power during this period. Dr. Kalam was a major player in the process. R. Together with Chidambaram and Chidambaram, Dr. Kalam is the coordinator of the project. The coverage in the media during this period made him the nation’s most famous nuclear scientist.

In 1998, Dr. Kalam developed a low-cost “coronary stent” with cardiac surgeon Soma Raju. The stent was named ‘Kalam-Raju Stent’.


Biography of A P J Abdul Kalam

President of India

Based on his accomplishments and recognition as a defense researcher, N. D. A. A.’s coalition government India elected him as the country’s Presidential candidate for 2002. He was inaugurated to be the eleventh President of India on July 25, 2002, defeating his adversary Lakshmi Sehgal by a landslide. The late Dr. Kalam became the third President of India to receive the Bharat Ratna before his election as the President. Before that Dr. Radhakrishnan and Dr. Zakir Hussain were also awarded the “Bharat Ratna” before becoming President.

During his presidency, his name was referred to as the “People’s President”. In the final days of his presidency, he declared his intention to run for a second term however, due to the lack of consensus among the political parties and the lack of support from political parties, he decided to drop the idea.

The term of the 12th president Pratibha Patil drawing to an end of his term, and his candidature as a possible successor was again in the debate, however, because of inconsistency on the issue, he decided to drop the idea of running for president.

After retirement from the president

Following his retirement from the position of President after a term as President, Dr. Kalam engaged in teaching writing, mentoring, as well as research. He also worked with institutions such as the Indian Institute of Management, Shillong, the Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, the Indian Institute of Management, and Indore. Professor is also the Professor at Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram, K. The Chancellor, Anna University, Chennai.

Also taught in the field of Information Technology for a year at IIT Hyderabad, Banaras Hindu University, and Anna University.

Kalam always talked about the young people of the country and the ways to help them improve their prospects. In this vein, Kalam also introduced”What I Can Give “What I Can Give” program for youth in the country that aims to eradicate corruption. With his growing popularity among young people in the country and twice (in 2003 and the year 2004) ‘M.T.V. The show was also nominated for the ‘Youth icon’ of the Year’.

The Hindi film “I Am Kalam” which was released in 2011 had a profound impact on his life.

In addition to teaching and lecturing, In addition to teaching, Dr. Kalam has also authored numerous books, including “India 2020: A Plan of the New Millennium, ‘Wings of Fire: A Biography of the Indian Revolution well as “Ignited Minds: Unleashing the Potential in India, and Mission India’. , ‘Indomitable Spirit’ etc.

Biography of A P J Abdul Kalam

Awards and Honours

In recognition of his contributions to the society and nation For his contribution to the society and nation, for his contribution to society and nation, Dr. Kalam has been honored with numerous honors. Around 40 universities have given him honorary doctorates. The Government of India has honored him with Padma Bhushan, Padma Vibhushan, and India’s highest civilian honor called ‘Bharat Ratna’.

An Honorary Institution for the Year

2014. Doctor of Science University of Edinburgh, UK

2012. Doctor of Law (Honorary) Simon Fraser University

2011, IEEE Honorary Membership IEEE Honorary Member IEEE

2010, Doctor of Engineering University of Waterloo

2009. Honorary Doctorate University of Auckland

2009 Hoover Medal ASME Foundation, USA

2009. International Kerman Van Wings Award California Institute of Technology, USA

2008 Doctor of Engineering Nanyang Technological University, Singapore

2007. Charles II Medal Royal Society, UK

2007 honorary doctorate in science. Wolverhampton University, UK

2000 Ramanujan Award Alvers Research Centre, Chennai

Biography of A P J Abdul Kalam


1998 Veer Savarkar Award Government of India

1997 Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration Indian National Congress

1997 Bharat Ratna Indian Government

1994 Honorary Fellow Institute of Directors (India)

1990 Padma Vibhushan Government of India

1981 Padma Bhushan Government of India

Death: On July 27, 2015, The late Dr. Abdul Kalam, dear and beloved by millions of people, passed away following a heart attack during his teaching time at Shillong’s Indian Institute of Management, Shillong.


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