Biography of Bhulabhai Desai -

Biography of Bhulabhai Desai

Biography of Bhulabhai Desai


Born: October 13, 1877, Valsad, Gujarat

Died: May 6, 1946

Occupation Affiliation: Freedom activist and associate of Gandhiji

Bhulabhai Desai was an eminent freedom fighter, a well-known lawyer at the time, and a key friend of Gandhiji. He was a dependable supporter of Azad Hind Fauz troops Shahnawaz Khan Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, and Prem Kumar Sehgal during their treason trials due to which his name became known throughout the nation. He is also famous for the Desai-Liaquat Pact which was secretly signed by Muslim League leader Liaquat Ali Khan and Bhulabhai Desai. There is a belief that neither Congress nor the Muslim League formally approved the agreement, and when the details of the agreement were revealed and exposed, they were the subject of an avalanche of criticism from both Congress as well as also from the Muslim League as well. The matter was mocked.


The first step is life:

Bhulabhai Desai was born on the 13th of November 1877 in Valsad, Gujarat. His father taught him at first. He later went to Avabai School in Valsad and Bharata High School in Bombay. He graduated in 1895 and completed his matriculation exam at Bharata High School itself. He was the first in his class on this test. He got wed to Ichaben as he was still at school. His wife had the son Dhirubhai However, Ichaben passed away from cancer in 1923. The following year, he enrolled at Elphinstone College, Bombay, which he attended until he received a high grade for English Literature and History. He won the Wordsworth Prize and a scholarship for being first in the field of the fields of political economy and history. Following this, Bhulabhai did his post-graduation in English literature.

After his post-graduation degree, the professor was appointed in English and Historical Studies at Gujarat College. As a teacher, he took classes in law and was appointed an advocate in the Bombay High Court and gradually became one of the most prominent jurists in Bombay and later, the entire country.






Life in politics

His political career started after Annie Besant joined the All India Home Rule League. He also was a part of the British Influenced Indian Liberal Part However, he left the party in 1928 because of the Simon Commission issue. Simon Commission was formed to propose constitutional reforms in India however, their members are all Europeans and this led to outrage across the nation. After the Bardoli Satyagraha, 1928, he was brought into contact with members of the Congress Party when he was speaking on behalf of the peasants in front of an inquiry by the British Government Inquiry Team. Bhulabhai stood on the side of farmers with great insight and played a crucial part in the progress of the cause.


He became a member of the Congress Party in 1930. He believed that boycotting foreign products was a viable means of achieving his goals and he, therefore, formed an organization called the Swadeshi Sabha and persuaded about 80 mill owners not to purchase goods from abroad. The government banned his group and took him into custody in 1932. In 1932, he was let out of jail because of ill health and was sent to Europe to receive treatment.

As the Congress Working Committee was reconstituted and he was appointed to the committee on Sardar Patel’s demand. In 1934 the year he became a member of the Central Legislative Assembly from Gujarat. He was the leader of the Congress within the Legislative Assembly. Bhulabhai Desai was also against India’s involvement during the Second World War in the legislative assembly.

The government detained the man and took him for detention at Yerawada Jail in Pune for his part in the Satyagraha movement that was started by Gandhiji. His health was deteriorating in prison which led to his release. He was not able to take part in the “Quit India” movement due to his health issues.


Desai-Liaquat Pact

In the Quit India movement, all the top leaders from the Congress Working Committee were arrested. Bhulabhai Desai was among the few Congress leaders not to get to jail in 1942 between 1945. Apart from urging the British government to liberation of the political prisoners, Bhulabhai had secret discussions in secret with Liaquat Ali Khan, the second most powerful head of the Muslim League. The theory is that these talks were secretly arranged by both leaders as well as other leaders from both parties are not aware of the discussions.

When the news was made public in the press there was a reaction from both sides. The Muslim League rejected the matter as did the Congress, while Bhulabhai Desai’s credibility was eroded by the Congress.


Biography of Bhulabhai Desai


The case of Azad Hind Fauzs troops

Azad Hind Fauz officials Shahnawaz Khan, Gurbaksh Singh Dhillon, and Prem Kumar Sehgal were aided by their great skills and expertise during their defense in the Bhulabhai Desai treason trial. While the judge in his decision sentenced him to life in prison, Bhulabhai’s skilled defense of him gained him a name across the nation.


In the 1930s and 1940s, Bhulabhai Desai was sick several times. He passed away on May 6 in 1946.

Life events

The year was 1877. Bhulabhai Desai was bon orn the 13th of October

1895: Passed the Matriculation Examination

1905: Began working as an attorney at the Bombay High Court

19Their The wife of his passes away from cancer

1928: Participated in the Bardoli Satyagraha in Gujarat

1930: Joined Congress Party

1932 Arrested for leading Swadeshi Sabha (declared illegal by the government).

1934 Election as a member of the Central Legislative Assembly from Gujarat

1935: Opposition to the Government of India Act

1940: Openly opposed to the British government’s involvement in India with World War II.

1945 The secret agreement was signed in secret with Liaquat Ali Khan theĀ  of Muslim League Desai-Liaquat Pact

1945: O.N.A. helped save the soldiers of

1946: He passed away on the 6th of May


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