Biography of Bipin Chandra Pal -

Biography of Bipin Chandra Pal

Biography of Bipin Chandra Pal


Born: November 7, 1858, Habibganj District, (present Bangladesh)

Died: May 20, 1932, Kolkata, West Bengal

Work: Freedom fighter, journalist, teacher

Bipin Chandra Pal, an Indian revolutionary, journalist, teacher, and author, was also a journalist. Paul was one the greatest men to play a significant role in the founding of India’s freedom movement. He was part of the Lal-Bal-Pal trio (Lala Lajpat Roy and Balagangadhar Tilak) With their sharp punches, all three of them struck fear into the hearts of British rule. Bipin Chandra Pal was a leader in India, but also a journalist, teacher, writer, orator. He is also known as the father of Indian revolutionary ideas.

Massive public support was given to the movement against British rule as a protest against the Partition of Bengal in 1905. The Lal-Bal and Pal trio saw that the country was suffering from the loss of foreign products, as well as people’s labor. Paul, known for his warm ideas, supported the indigenous movement. He used weapons to overthrow British rule, including a boycott of British finished goods, a boycott of Manchester-made clothes, and striking in industrial and commercial establishments.

Garam Dal played a key role in the initial years of the national movement. This gave the movement a new direction and increased awareness. Bipin Chandra Pal was a key player in bringing awareness to the masses during the National Movement. Swaraj was not possible to achieve the ‘prayer petition’ weapon of a “soft party”, but foreign rule was essential for Swaraj. He is therefore known as the ‘father of revolutionary feelings’ in the freedom movement.




Biography of Bipin Chandra Pal

The first step is life

Vipinchandra Paul was the son of a wealthy family from Poil in undivided India. He was born on 7 November 1858. Ramachandra Pal, his father, was a Parsi scholar who also owned small lands.

Later, he taught and studied at the ‘Church Mission Society College’ (now St Paul’s Cathedral Mission College). Calcutta University is affiliated with this college.

Bipin, at a young age, joined the Brahmo Samaj. He also opposed social evils as well as orthodox traditions. Bipin was a vocal opponent of caste-based discrimination from an early age. He married a widow who belonged to a higher caste than him, and he ended all ties with his family. Paul was uncompromising, despite social pressures and family members.

Congress Party and its Role In Freedom Movement

In 1886, joined the Congress Party. They demanded that the British Government’s “Arms Act” be repealed immediately at the Madras Congress in 1887. The law was discriminatory. He was part of the Lal-Bal Pal trio (Lala Lajpat Roy and Balagangadhar Tilak) They all fueled revolutionary sentiments, and took part in revolutionary activities. Paul and Aurobindo Gandhi Ghosh supported nationalism, such as Purna Swaraj, and boycotting indigenous and foreign goods.

Bipin Chandra Pal was a pioneer in the national movement, promoting programs such as swadeshi and boycott of foreign products. This was his belief that it would eliminate poverty and unemployment.

He was skeptical of British rule and believed that foreign powers could not be defeated by non-cooperation and entreaty. He had ideological disagreements with Gandhiji because of this. In the final years of his life, he distanced himself from Congress.

Paul also created the revolutionary magazine, ‘Bandemataram. He fled to England after the arrest of Tilak and the suppression of the Swadeshi movement in Britain. He was then able to join the revolutionary ideology of ‘India House’, founded by Shyamji Varma, and start the publication of the magazine “Swaraj”. After Curzon Wylie was assassinated by revolutionary Madan Lal Dhingra in 1909, “Swaraj” was suspended and he faced many difficulties in London. Bipin Chandra Pal disassociated himself from the ideology behind terrorism after this incident.

He refused to testify against Aurobindo Gosh in the Vande Mataram sedition trial, for which he was sentenced to 6 months imprisonment.

Biography of Bipin Chandra Pal

He also criticized leaders such as Mahatma Gandhi and opposed his views. He said that Gandhiji’s ideas were not logical but were based on magic when he criticized him in 1921.

Compositions and editing

Bipin was both a pioneer and a skilled writer and editor. Bipin wrote many works and edited numerous journals.

Indian nationalism

Empire and Nostalgia

Swaraj and the current situation

Reform as a foundation

The Soul of India

A new spirit

Study in Hinduism

Biography of Queen Victoria


For a long time, I was a journalist and writer.

The Visitor (1880).

Bengal Public Opinion (1882)

Lahore Tribune (1887).

The New India (1892).

The Independent, India (1901).

Bandematram (1906, 1907)

Swaraj (1908-1911).

The Hindu Review (1913).

Democrat (1919, 1920)

Bengali (1924, 1925)


This great revolutionary was killed in Kolkata on May 20, 1932. He remained there until his passing in 1922. After that, he decided to retire from politics.




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