Biography of Chakravarti Rajagopalachari

Biography of Chakravarti Rajagopalachari


Chakravarti Rajagopalachari

Born: 10 December 1978, Torapalli, Madras Presidency, British India

Died: 25 December 1972, Madras

Work: Lawyer, politician, politician, and author the last Governor General of India

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was an Indian freedom activist as well as a politician, writer, and lawyer. In addition, he was the final governor-general of India. In his professional life, he was in a variety of important posts. Apart from being an important chief for the Indian National Congress, he was also the head of the Madras Presidency, Governor of West Bengal, Home Minister of India, and the Chief Minister for Madras State. He also created the political party “Swatantra Party”. Chakraborty Rajagopalachari popularly known as ‘Rajaji’ was honored with India’s highest civilian honor Bharat Ratna for his service to the nation.


The first step is life.

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was born on the 10th of December, 1978 at Torapalli village in Salem district in the Madras Presidency. He was born to a religious Iyengar family. The name of his father is Chakravarti Venkatarayan while the name of his mother is Signarama. As a young man, the boy was physically weak and his parents believed they would never live long.

His first schooling was at Thorapally. When he was 5 years old, young, his family moved to Hosur and there Hosur was where he was introduced to Hosur R. V. and Admitted to Govt Boys High School. He cleared the matriculation test in 1891 and was awarded a Bachelor of Arts in 1894 from Central College, Bangalore 1894. Following this, he enrolled in Madras Presidency College to study law. He completed his course in 1897.

చక్రవర్తి రాజగోపాలాచారి యొక్క జీవిత చరిత్ర

Biography of Chakravarti Rajagopalachari


Independence Movement

In the year 1900, he began working as a lawyer, and his practice got stronger. The famous nationalist Balagangadhar Tilak during his advocacy in politics enrolled in the political arena and won as a member, and later the chairperson of the Salem Municipality. As with many other intellectuals across this country, he was an official participant in the Indian National Congress and gradually began to be involved in its activities and political movements. He was present at Congress sessions in Calcutta (1906) as well as the Surat (1907) Congress sessions. In 1917, the freedom fighter P. Varadaraj argued in the court for Naidu. The Vardarajas revolted.

He was greatly influenced by leaders like Annie Besant and C.Vijayaraghavachariar. When Mahatma Gandhi began to be active in the movement for freedom, Rajagopalachari became his follower. He then became a member of the non-cooperation movement and quit the tradition. In 1921, he was elected an official part of the Congress Working Committee and was also the General Secretary of Congress.

He received his new name during the Gaya gathering at the Congress. He was against any collaboration with the British Government as a result of the ‘Government Act of India 1919’. He became the leader of the “No Changers group that opposed the establishment of the “Imperial Legislative Council as well as the ‘Legislative council’ which was a state-wide body. The ‘No-Changers over the “Pro Changers,” caused the resignation of some leaders, including Motilal Nehru, and Chittaranjan Das.

He was also a part of the Vaikom Satyagraha from 1924-1925. Gradually Rajagopalachari became an important figurehead within the Tamil Nadu Congress and was later elected the president of the Tamil Nadu Congress Committee. Rajagopalachari also violated the Salt Act at Vedaranyam near Nagapatnam in the course of organizing the Dandi March during Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha in 1930. For this, the government sentenced him to prison. Rajagopalachari was instrumental in obtaining the Congress to vote in the elections of 1937 under the Government of India Act, of 1935.

Following the 1937 elections In 1937, a Congress government was established under the direction of Rajagopalachari who was the head of the Madras Presidency. He resigned from his position protesting the inclusion of India in the world of second. He was detained in December 1940 and sentenced to prison for one year. He was against the ‘QuitIndia movement in 1942 and insisted on the necessity for talks with the Muslim League. He played a key part in the dialogue between Jinnah and Gandhi on the issue of partition.

He was an official in Jawaharlal Nehru’s interim government from 1946-47.

On the 15th of August 1947, as well as the nation’s independence, Bengal was also divided into two sections. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari was appointed governor for the very first time in West Bengal which became part of India.


Biography of Chakravarti Rajagopalachari


Governor General for India (1948-50)

Rajagopalachari was the Governor General acting from the 10th of November until the 24th of November 1947, in the absence of the Governor General for India Mountbatten and from June 1948 until 26 January 1950, following Mountbatten’s departure. This means that Rajagopalachari was not just the last, but was also the first Indian Governor General.

A minister of the Nehru government.

The year was 1950. Nehru introduced Rajagopalachari as a Minister with any cabinet to his cabinet. Following Sardar Patel’s demise, He was appointed Home Minister for 10 months. Due to disagreements with Prime Minister Nehru on several issues, he eventually quit and relocated to Madras.

After that, Rajagopalachari was the Chief Minister of Madras for nearly two years. Following that, he stepped away from the political scene for a time and became a writer. In 1958, he received the Sahitya Akademi Prize for the Tamil language for his novel “Chakravarthi Thirumagan’. He was awarded the ‘Bharat Ratna award by the Government of India in 1955.

In January of 1957, He resigned from the Congress and, in 1959, he formed an entirely new political party dubbed “Swatantra Party” together with Murari Vaidya, and Menu Masani. Later, N. Yes. Ranga, K. M. Munshi, and Field Marshal K. M. Cariappa joined. They also joined the Swatantra Party. Swatantra Party managed to win 18 seats in the 1962 Lok Sabha elections and 45 seats in the 1967 Lok Sabha elections and made an impact in a couple of more states which included Tamil Nadu but stalled during the 1970s.


Biography of Chakravarti Rajagopalachari


Personal life

Chakravarti Rajagopalachari married Alamelu Mangamma in 1897. Rajagopalachari married five kids: 3 sons, and 2 daughters. Mangamma was elevated to heaven in 1916, following which Emperor Rajagopalachari took over the children’s education. The son of Emperor Chakraborty Rajagopalachari Narasimhan was a member of Parliament from the Krishnagiri Lok Sabha constituency from 1952 until 1962. He later published his autobiography. The daughter of Rajagopalachari Lakshmi was wed to Mahatma Gandhi’s son Devdas Gandhi.


In November 1972 his health was declining and on the 17th of December, 1972 his admission was to Madras Government Hospital, where his final breath was taken on the 25th of December.


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