Biography of Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman

Biography of Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman


Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman

Born: 7 November 1888. Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu

Job/Position The inventor of the Raman effect, a scientist

Awards: Nobel Prize for the scattering of light as well as the discovery of the Raman effect

Sir CV Raman the scientist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for discovering the scattering of light as well as the Raman effect is a renowned scientist from modern India. Venkata is the very first Indian scientist of the modern age who made a name for India in the world of science. We are all aware of the scientific achievements made in the past in India such as the discovery of zero and decimal systems and the rotation of the earth around its axis, the Ayurvedic formula, etc.


It is believed that the Government of India awarded him the nation’s most prestigious award “Bharat Ratna” in recognition of his exceptional contribution to the science field. Additionally, it was also the United Nations honored him with the prestigious “Lenin Peace Prize. He was a key player in the development of research in India. He was a major force behind the study and study of science in independent India.

The first step is life.

Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman was born on 7 November 1888 in Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu. The name of his father is Chandrasekhar Iyer and his mother’s name is Parvati Amma. The second son of his parents. The father Chandrasekhar Iyer was a lecturer in mathematics and physics at the AVN Narasimha Rao Mahavidyalaya located in Visakhapatnam (modern Andhra Pradesh). The father was an avid reader and so he constructed the library of his home. This is why Raman was exposed to science, as well as English literature at a young age. Music was also a passion that was a child’s play and then grew into the discoveries of his science. He was playing the veena for hours, while his dad played the veena. This way Bala Raman was more educated from the very beginning.

Biography of Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman


Biography of Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman


Raman lived in Visakhapatnam as a young man. He attended the St. Aloysius Anglo-Indian School. Raman had the distinction of being the top brilliant student in his school. He also was awarded awards and scholarships periodically. He passed his matriculation exam at the age of 11 and his FA exam (equivalent to the current +2/Intermediate) in just 13 years with the aid of a scholarship. The college was founded by Madras Presidency College in 1902. His father is employed as a representative for mathematics and physics. The year 1904 was the time B.A. He was awarded the “Gold Medal in Physics with the top position.


Following this, he completed his M.A. from the ‘Presidency College’. and selected Physics as the main discipline. M.A. At this point, Raman seldom visited the class and continued to work on experiments and experiments within the college lab. His talents were well-known by his teachers, so they let him study without restriction. Prof. R. Ale. Johns recommended to he write down the findings of his studies and experiments as a research paper and submit the results to a “philosophical journal’ that was published in London. The research paper came out in the magazine’s November issue. He was just 18 when he wrote his paper. The MA exam was passed by him in 1907. MA exam in 1907.


His teachers advised his father to send Raman to England for higher education however due to illness, he was not able to go abroad to pursue further education. He was left with no alternative but to take the test for competitiveness that was conducted by the British government. Raman was able to pass the exam and was then appointed as an official in the government’s finance department. Raman was appointed as the Assistant General Accountant in Kolkata and established small labs in his home.

If something he found interesting and devoted himself to the research of scientific findings. In Kolkata where he was based, he carried on his research at labs of the Indian Association for Cultivation of Science. Each day before heading to work He would walk to the council’s laboratory. After getting to the office around 5 after five, he would arrive at the laboratory to work until ten in the evening. He would spend the entire working day in the laboratory and be engaged in his research all through the week, even on Sundays.

Raman quit the government in 1917 and accepted the position of Political Chair in Physics under the Indian Association for Cultivation and Development of Science’. In 1917, he was made the Professor of Physics at Calcutta University.

In recognition of his work in the area of “Optics”, Raman was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1924 an honor that is very prestigious for anyone who is a scientist.


Raman Effect’ was discovered on February 28, 1928. Raman announced in the international press the following day. The news was released by the prestigious journal of science “Nature”. On March 16, 1928, he delivered his speech to the South Indian Science Association in Bangalore on his discovery. Then, gradually, studies on the ‘Raman effect’ began across all laboratories around the world.

in 1929 Venkata Raman served as the President of the Indian Science Congress. Then, in 1930, the renowned scientist received the highly coveted Nobel Prize in Physics for the scattering of light as well as for discovering the Raman effect.

in 1934 Raman became the director of in 1934, he was appointed Director of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore. Raman also studied the characteristics of the spectral properties of Stille fundamental issues in Stille dynamics, the structure and the properties of diamonds, as well as the optical properties of various colorless substances. He discovered the harmony (harmonic) character of mridangam and tabla for the very first time. He left IIS in 1948. Indian Institute of Science (IIS) in 1948. In 1948, he set up his institute, the Raman Research Institute in Bangalore.


Biography of Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman

Honors and Awards

Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman has been recognized with numerous awards for his contributions to the science field.

It was 1924 when Raman became in 1924 as Fellow of the Royal Society of London.

The “Raman effect” was first observed on the 28th of February 1928. To celebrate this important discovery, the 28th of February is celebrated as National Science Day’ annually in India.

In 1929, he was the president of his presidency of the Indian Science Congress

He was knighted in 1929.

He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1930. won the highly coveted Nobel Prize in Physics for scattering light and identifying the Raman effect.

The award was given to Bharat Ratna in the year 1954.

Recognized with The Lenin Peace Prize in 1957.

Personal life

Raman got married to Lokasundari Ammal on 6 May 1907. They have two sons, Chandrasekhar as well as Radhakrishnan. He passed away on November 21 1970 in Bangalore. He was 82 at the time.


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