Biography of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Born: 5 September 1888
Died: April 17, 195
Position 2nd Presidency: Second President of India (1962-1967)
Professor. Radhakrishnan was the first Vice President, and then the second (1962-1967) president of India. Radhakrishnan began his teaching career in the Presidency College, Madras, later as an instructor at the University of Mysore, and later taught at various universities across the nation. He also served as Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) from 1939 until 1948. He was a scholar, conductor of Indian culture, and a fervent Hindu philosopher. In honor of this renowned teacher his birthday, it is observed in India as Teacher’s Day.
Life is the first step.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born to an impoverished Brahmin family from Tiruttin, Madras. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was educated by utilizing scholarships since his father was in poverty. He was able to pass the matriculation exam in 1902 and received an award scholarship. Following this, in 1904 he was able to pass his Faculty of Arts examination in the first division. He decided to take philosophy as his major study for his graduation and after graduation. He was awarded honors and top scores in Psychology, History, and Mathematics. In addition, Madras Christian College also gave scholarships.
After earning an MA in Philosophy He was appointed an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at the Presidency College, Madras in 1909. At the time, he was an expert in Puranic texts such as the Upanishads, Bhagavad Gita, Brahmasutra, and Ramanuja Mahadeva. In this period, he was more accustomed to Buddha, Jain texts, and Western philosophers such as Plato, Palatines, and Bergeson. In 1918, he was appointed Professor of Philosophy at Mysore University. The year 1921 was the time Radhakrishnan received the title of Professor of Philosophy from Calcutta University.
The year 1923 was the time that the book “Indian Philosophy’ by Prof. Radhakrishnan was published. The book received its title as Best Philosophical Literature. Sarvepalli received an invitation to Oxford University to deliver a talk about Hindu philosophy. The speech was also used to inspire the movement for freedom. Sarvepalli was a candidate for the position of Vice-Chancellor at Andhra University in 1931. He was elected Vice-Chancellor at the Banaras Hindu University in 1939 and remained in the post until 1948.
Biography of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Life in politics
Following the independence of India and after that, he was the country’s representative at UNESCO. Radhakrishnan became an Indian representative of the Soviet Union from 1949 to 1952. He was appointed ambassador in 1952. took on the position as the Vice-President of his first nation. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna award in 1954. In 1962 the country elected him as the second president of the country. India also engaged in a conflict between China as well as Pakistan during his time as president. He left the post of president in 1967 and moved to Madras.
Philosophical Thoughts of Radha Krishnan
Radhakrishnan attempted to reconcile western and oriental thinking by insuring Hinduism against ignorant Western criticism and including Western religious and intellectual ideas.
Radhakrishnan was a major character in the Neo-Vedanta movement.
He formulated his philosophy on Advaita Vedanta but later reworked it to appeal to the contemporary public.
He was aware of human nature’s realness and variety He believed that human nature is an integral part of and approved by the highest Brahman or Brahman.
For Radhakrishnan, religion and doctrine are philosophical formulations and symbols of the experience of religion or spiritual intuitions.
Radhakrishnan gave a score to each religion, based on how they perceive the religious experience and the results, with Advaita Vedanta gaining the top grade.
Radhakrishnan believed in Advaita Vedanta as the finest manifestation of Hinduism because it was based on intuition as opposed to the thought-mediated concepts of other religions.
Vedanta is the highest form of religion, as per Radhakrishnan because it provides the most immediate experience of intuition and the most profound inner understanding.
Despite his extensive knowledge of the western world and its philosophy, Radhakrishnan was an outspoken critic. Despite their claims to impartiality, he claimed that Western philosophy was influenced by the influence of religious forces within their civilization.
Biography of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Childhood and Early Life of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was born August 5, 1888, into the Telugu Brahmin family in Tiruttani, Madras Presidency, British India. Sarvepalli Veeraswami was the father’s surname, as was Sitamma, his mom’s. He was the son of a revenue official of low rank serving as a Zamindar (landlord) as was his household. affluent. He did not want his son to attend school in English instead, he wanted him to be a priest. The world, on the other side, had other plans for the youngster. Radhakrishnan was a student at his school, Thiruttani’s K.V High School before transferring to Tirupati’s Hermannsburg Evangelical Lutheran Mission School in 1896. He was a highly-rated student and was awarded many awards. He was a student at Vellore’s Voorhees College before enrolling at Madras Christian College at the age of 17. He graduated in 1906 and earned a master’s program in philosophical philosophy. He wrote his MA thesis entitled “The Ethics of Vedanta and its Metaphysical presuppositions.”
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s career from an Academic to the first Vice President of India
The year 1909 was the time that Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan started his career as an academic at the Madras Presidency College’s Department of Philosophy. He was a professor in 1918. moved to the University of Mysore, where he taught at Maharaja College. The year 1921 was the time he was given the King George V Chair of Mental and Moral Science at the University of Calcutta, which was accepted by him. On June 19, 1926, he was a guest at the Congress of the Universities of the British Empire, and in September 1926, he was a participant in the International Congress of Philosophy at Harvard University.
He was invited to give his Hibbert lecture on Ideals of Life at Harris Manchester College, Oxford, in 1929. He was an academic with distinction. From 1931 to 1936 he was Vice-Chancellor at Andhra University before becoming the Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of All Souls College. He was appointed in 1939 to was appointed to take the post of Vice-Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University (BHU) from Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya. This position he held until 1948. Radhakrishnan became a politician later in life than other politicians. Between 1946 and 1952, he was India’s representative to UNESCO.
From 1949 until 1952 he was India’s ambassador in India’s ambassador to the Soviet Union. The year 1952 was the time Radhakrishnan became India’s inaugural Vice President, working as president Rajendra Prasad and Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. The year 1962 saw him elected to succeed Rajendra Prasad as India’s second President. He resigned from politics five years later.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s major works and Contributions
“The most effective educators are people who can help us to think about ourselves.”
“Indian Philosophy” (two volumes 1923-27) and ‘The philosophy of the Upanishads (1924), ‘An Idealist View of Life’ (1932) as well as ‘Eastern Religions and Western Thinking’ (1939), and “East and West Reflections’ Reflections are among his numerous writings. Radhakrishnan is widely recognized as one of India’s best and most well-known philosophical and comparative scholars. In both India and the West, his open defense of Hinduism to “uninformed Western criticism” has been a major influence. It is believed that he has made Hinduism more appealing to a Western crowd.
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s Achievements and Awards
The year was 1954 and he received 1954 the Bharat Ratna award, which is India’s most prestigious civilian award.
The year was 1968 and he was the first person in history to receive the Sahitya Akademi fellowship, the Sahitya Academi’s highest award.
He was presented with the Templeton Prize for supporting nonviolence and for presenting “a universal truth about God that included the wisdom and love of everyone” just before his death in the year 1975.
India’s first Vice-President and the second Vice President and second. Indian philosophy has been put on the map of the world.
Biography of Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s Contribution to Indian Education and Teacher’s Day
“Instead of a celebration of my birthday, it would be my honor to be a teacher if 5 September is celebrated as Teachers Day.” Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
The Teachers’ Day holiday is celebrated on the 5th of September in India in remembrance of the work of teachers in society. In 1888, on this day the former Indian President as well as a philosopher, academic as well as Bharat Ratna awardee, Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, was born. Dr. Radhakrishnan was born into an impoverished Brahmin family from Tiruttani, Andhra Pradesh, and was a brilliant student who graduated through scholarship funds. As Dr. Radhakrishan became India’s second President in 1962, students of his contacted him asking permission to celebrate the 5th of September as a special day. Instead, his students asked him to make. Radhakrishnan proposed that September 5 be declared as Teachers’ Day, to celebrate the contribution of teachers to society. On this day, the nation pays tribute to the late Dr. Radhakrishnan, an outstanding teacher who was well-liked by his student. Students express their gratitude for their professors’ dedication and commitment to their studies, which have changed their lives.
S Radhakrishnan defines education as the acquisition of knowledge that is not restricted to the realms of academics and professionals. He believed that the concept of education shouldn’t be limited to the study of books or the memorizing of statistics and facts and should not be employed to fill your mind with irrelevant information. It’s not just an attempt to memorize other people’s thoughts and the reproduction of them in exams that are used to get certificates and degrees to be employed.
“Dr. Radhakrishnan was a believer in ideals. His education was founded on idealistic values. For students, they were taught Yoga Morality Geography, General Science and Agriculture, as well as Political Science Ethics, Literature, Ethics, and Philosophy. Dr. Radhakrishnan’s course includes academic and moral pursuits like painting, poetry, and math. Report of the University Education Commission 1940-49 is Dr. Radhakrishnan’s biggest contribution to education thinking and application. The mental development of our students, our moral strength, and our moral integrity are all important as per the panel. “If we want to be modern and civilized” the report continues “We should cultivate a mindset of compassion of the poor and those who suffer as well as chivalrous respect and reverence for women, belief in the human fraternity regardless of the color of one’s skin, race nationality or religion, respect for peace and freedom as well as a repulsion to cruelty and a constant dedication to the principles for Justice.” The purpose of education is
Instill the belief that life’s mission is to serve some purpose,
To increase the wisdom of your mind to develop the inherent ability to live a meaningful life.
To make preparations for the process of democratic change,
Self-improvement can be a skill that can be taught.
To be in touch with one’s heritage cultural
5 Little-Known facts about the Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
“Knowledge can give us power, while love brings us wholeness.”
As the President of India, He was paid just 2500 of his monthly salary of Rs 10,000 and the rest went into the government’s National Relief Fund.
The Radhakrishnan Chevening Scholarships, as well as The Radhakrishnan Memorial Award, have been created in the name of Oxford University.
The year was 1954. He received the Bharat Ratna Award, and in 1961, he was awarded the German Book Trade Peace Prize. He was also given an Order of Merit in 1963 and the Templeton Prize in 1975 for the promotion that there was “a universe-wide truth about God which encompasses empathy and understanding for all.” What’s amazing is that he donated the whole prize amount the prize to Oxford University.
In 1931, he was awarded a knighthood. He was named Sir Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan from then until the independence of India in 1947. The name was changed to Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan after India gained its freedom. He was named Spalding Professor of Eastern Religions and Ethics at Oxford University in 1936. Additionally to that, he was appointed an Associate fellow of All Souls College.
Helpage India, a non-profit charity for the old and the poor, was established by the founder.
Professor. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s life and contributions to the school of Indian modern philosophy are awe-inspiring. He was a scholarly man and educator who had a significant impact on the field of education. The man had been an Indian scholar who had left his religious beliefs. As Indians, we continue to honor him and mark his birthday on the 5th of September in the year of Teacher’s Day.
We revere all teachers for their example We have a special respect for the day due to his. He is an example for all Indians and, even in the wake of his passing, his legacy lives within the heart of instructors and students.
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