Biography of Homi Jahangir Bhabha -

Biography of Homi Jahangir Bhabha

Biography of Homi Jahangir Bhabha


Homi Jahangir Bhabha

Born: 30 October 1909, Mumbai

Job/Position The father of India’s Atomic Energy Programme

Homi Jahangir Bhabha, India’s most famous nuclear scientist. He is considered to be the pioneer of India’s nuclear power program. He laid a solid base for the future of India’s nuclear program that India is now ranked among the world’s top nuclear powerhouses. Professor. Bhabha, who started studies in the field of nuclear with the assistance of a handful of scientists, has already studied the potential of nuclear energy as well as the potential of its application across various areas.


He began his research in the area of nuclear science at an era when knowledge about chain reaction continuous was in short supply and no one was ready to embrace the idea of producing electricity using nuclear energy. He also researched cosmic rays that enter the Earth’s atmosphere and suggested the casket theory of electrons. He was a key player in the formation of the Tata Institute for Fundamental Research (TIFR) and ‘The Bhabha Atomic Research Centre’. Also, he was the very first chairperson of the Atomic Energy Commission of India.


Education and early life

Homi Jahangir was born on October 30th, 1909 into an affluent Parsi family from Mumbai. The father of Homi Jahangir Bhabha studied at Cambridge and was a well-known lawyer. He at one point was employed by Tata Enterprises. Homi’s mother was also part of an extended family. The boy has his library installed at home where he can read books on science as well as other topics. He began his education through the Cathedral School and studied under John Cannon for further education. From the beginning, he was fascinated by maths and physics. Following this, Homi was able to pass his B.Sc exam from Elphinstone College Mumbai and the Royal Institute of Science. Home went to England in 1927 to study Engineering at Cambridge. He graduated with a degree of bachelor in 1930, and a doctorate at Cambridge University in 1934.

Because of his savvy in his research, Homey continued to receive scholarship awards. He also was awarded the Isaac Newton Fellowship during his Ph.D. Additionally, he had the privilege to work with some of the most renowned researchers Rutherford, Dirac, and Nielsberg.

Bhabha was only interested in studying the physics field and he chose engineering according to his family’s desires. Their passion for physics in him was intense which is why even in his studies of engineering, he was drawn to his favorite science Physics.



Biography of Homi Jahangir Bhabha



Homi came back to India in 1939, at the start of World War II. At the time, Homi Bhabha was extremely famous. At the same time, he joined his first class at the Indian School of Science in Bangalore and was made a Professor in the year 1940. After a fresh start from there, he was active in the field of science in the country until the end. He established a separate department to study cosmic radiation at the Indian School of Science, Bangalore.

In 1941 at the age of 31 years old, Dr. Bhabha was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society, a great accomplishment. He was appointed Professor in 1944. Immediate Past President of the Indian School of Science and Nobel Professor. CV Raman was also profoundly influenced by Homi Bhabha.

He founded the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research located in Mumbai with the assistance of JRD Tata and became its Director in the year 1945.

1948 was the year that Dr. Bhabha founded the Atomic Energy Commission of India and was the representative of India at the International Atomic Energy Forum. Alongside this Dr. Bhabha also served as the head of various other important international organizations.

One of the most fascinating aspects of Bhabha is the fact that he showed immense interest and a good grasp in the field of classical art sculpture, painting, dance, etc. besides science. To motivate sculptors and painters to pursue their art, they purchased their artworks and sculptures, decorated them at the Institute in Tombre, and took part in musical performances. Dr. Bhabha inaugurated the first exhibition of the famous painter MF Hussain, in Mumbai.

The most renowned scientist in India and Nobel Prize winner Sir CV Raman is unable to thank his scientists… There is one notable exception… Dr. Homi Jahangir Bhabha. Raman called him India’s Leonardo da Vinci.

In the year 1955, The United States Federation appointed Dr. Homi Bhabha as the Chairperson of the first conference on the use of nuclear energy to promote Peace’ in Geneva. In a time when scientists of Western countries are advocating that countries with poor infrastructures should look at developing their industries first before pursuing nuclear power, Dr.

Professor. Bhabha was nominated five times for the Nobel Prize in Physics, however, this renowned scientist did not receive the greatest award in the field of science.

The great scientist and dreamer from India passed away in the crash of a plane in Switzerland on January 24, 1966.

His story of life is the tale of the beginnings of modern India. In a tribute to Bhabha, JR D Tata stated, “Homi Bhabha is one of the three most important people I’ve had the honor of meeting in the world today. The first one was Jawaharlal Nehru, the other was Mahatma Gandhi, and the third one is Homi Bhabha. Homi was not just an outstanding mathematician and scientist as well as an excellent gardener, engineer, and builder. In addition, Homi can also be described as an artist. In reality, out of all the people I’ve met and also of the two I mentioned, Homie is the only one… the one who is the “perfect individual”.


Biography of Homi Jahangir Bhabha

In this respect

Homi Bhabha has received numerous honourary awards from Indian and foreign universities.

In 1941 at the age of 31 years old, at the age of 31, Dr. Bhabha was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.

He was five times nominated to win Nobel Prize in Physics. Nobel Prize in Physics

The Adams Award was awarded to him in 1943. Adams Award in the year 1943.

Recipient of the Hopkins Prize in 1948

In 1959, Cambridge University Science Dr

In 1954 in 1954, 1954, the Government of India honored Dr. Bhabha with the Padma Bhushan.

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