Biography of Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata

Biography of Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata


Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata

Born: July 29, 1904, Paris, France

Died: November 29, 1993, in Geneva, Switzerland

Occupation: Industrialist, Former Chairman of Tata Group

Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata or J.R.D. Tata is among the top industrialists in India. His name is well-known among industrialists who laid the foundations of the modern industrial age in India. He played a significant role in the growth of engineering, steel, hotel, aircraft, and many other businesses in India. JRD Tata started the country’s first commercial airline, ‘Tata Airlines, and later renamed Air India in 1946.

JRD Tata is also known as the father of Civil Aviation in India for his contribution to the country. In recognition of his contribution, the Government of India honored him with the Padma Vibhushan in 1955, and the Bharat Ratna, the country’s highest civilian honor in 1992 in recognition of his unrivaled contribution to India’s growth.

Under his skilled leadership that he established, he made Tata Group Tata Group a leading industrial firm in the country. He also introduced numerous schemes to improve the well-being of employees which were later endorsed by The Government of India. He introduced programs like the eight-hour work days and medical assistance for free as well as the employee’s provident fund scheme, and worker’s accident insurance scheme that was first introduced in India within the Tata company group. This is how JRD Tata launched the first social development and corporate governance programs in the Indian business world. JRD Tata was the first person to be granted a pilot’s license in India.

The first step in life.

J. R. D. Tata was born on the 29th of July 1904 in Paris. He was the second child of father Ratanji Dadabhai Tata and mother Suzanne Brier. The father Ratanji was a close relative to Jamsetji Tata, a prominent industrialist from the nation. Her mother is French which is why the majority of his early years living in France and French was his first language.

He began his schooling at his school, the Cathedral in Mumbai and the John Cannon School in Mumbai, and then went to Cambridge University to study engineering. He also completed a year of mandatory military instruction within the French army. He wanted to remain in the army, however, his father had a different idea and he was forced to leave the army.


జహంగీర్ రతంజీ దాదాభాయ్ టాటా యొక్క జీవిత చరిత్ర



Biography of Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata

Inclusion into the Tata Group

He was a part of Tata & Sons in 1925 as an apprentice who was not paid. Through hard work with vision, perseverance and determination and determination, he was appointed chairman of India’s biggest company in the field of industrial, Tata End, in 1938. He took over the Tata group with 14 companies and, by the time he left as chairman on July 26, 1988, the Tata Group had grown into an immense conglomerate of 95 companies.


He has led the Tata group of companies across the steel and engineering, as well as energy, and chemical industries as well as hospitality for many years. Along with his accomplishments in the field of business, his name is also ascribed to the highest ethical standards and the implementation of policies that concern employee welfare and social security. A lot of these policies were later made law by government officials. Government of India.

As a trustee, he was part of the Sir Dorabji Tata Trust for over 50 years, and he established several institutions of national significance under his leadership. Most prominent among them are the Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), the Tata Institute for Social Science (TISS), and The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) as well as The Tata Memorial Center (Asia’s first cancer hospital) and the National Center for Performing Arts.

Tata Motors was founded in 1945 under his direction and the company was launched as “Air India International in 1948 as India’s first airline that was international. In 1953 India’s Government of India appointed him the Chairman of Air India and Director of the Board of Indian Airlines. In the following years, he remained in the same position for 25 years.

He implemented a variety of positive policies to the benefit of employees at Tata Group. Tata Group. He initiated the ‘Employee Connection with Company Management program to increase the understanding and participation of employees in corporate matters. Under his guidance, Tata Group implemented forward-looking plans to improve the welfare of employees. Tata Group companies have adopted programs like an eight-hour working day as well as free medical assistance as well as worker’s accident insurance.

Awards and Honours

He has been awarded numerous international and national awards for his contributions to the growth of the nation and society. Indian Air Force J.R.D. Tata was awarded the group captain’s rank on an honorary basis and was later elevated to Air Commodore and Vice Marshal on the 1st of April 1974. He was awarded many honors for his distinguished contributions to aviation.


These include the Tony Janus Award (1979), Gold Air Medal (1985) by Federation Aeronautics International, Edward Warner Award (1986), and Daniel Guggenheim Award by International Civil Aviation Organization in Canada. (1988). In 1988, the Government of India honored him with the Padma Vibhushan in 1955 and the Bharat Ratna, India’s top civilian prize, in 1992.

Biography of Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata


J. R. D. Tata passed away from an infection in his kidney on the 29th of November, 1993 in Geneva (Switzerland). Following his death in Geneva, the Indian Parliament adjourned its sessions in honor of his memory. Posthumously, he was buried in Paris where he was born.

Life events

1904: Born on July 29 in Paris

1925: J.R.D. was hired by Tata Tata & Sons as an apprentice with no pay

1938 at the age of 34 He was elected chairman of the company Tata & Sons

1929: He was issued the first pilot’s license issued by India on February 10, 1929.

1932: He started Tata Airlines

1936: Establishment of Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS).

1941: ‘Tata Memorial Centre in Cancer Treatment and Research is established

1945: Establishment of Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR).

1945: Launches Tata Telco

1948: JRD Tata launched Air India International as India’s first airline with international connections.

1953: The government of India appoints the man as the Chairman of Air India and Director of the Board of Indian Airlines

1954: France awarded him its most prestigious civilian award, The Legion of Honour.


Biography of Jahangir Ratanji Dadabhai Tata


1955: Awarded Padma Vibhushan

1968: Tata Computer Center (now Tata Consultancy Services) is founded in

1979. Tata Steel is founded

1988: On the 26th of July the chairman resigned from the Tata Group

1992: The award was “Bharat Ratna” which is the highest civilian award in the country.

1992 1993: In 1992, the United Nations honored him with the ‘United Nations Population Award in recognition of his contribution to the control of population in India.

1993: Died in Geneva on November 29.


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