Biography Of Jane Austen
Jane Austen, one of the most celebrated and beloved novelists in English literature, was born on December 16, 1775, in Steventon, Hampshire, England. She is renowned for her witty, insightful, and satirical portrayals of British society during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Austen’s works have had a profound influence on literature, and her novels continue to captivate readers worldwide with their timeless themes and engaging characters. This biography delves into the life, influences, and significant works of this remarkable author.
The Early Life of Jane Austen
Jane Austen was born in Steventon, Hampshire on 16th December 1775. Jane Austen was the seventh child of a family with eight children. His father, George Austen, was a vicar and earned an average income of around 600 dollars per year. But, even though they were middle-class but not wealthy and her father would have had to pay a lot to assist her daughters in getting married. Jane was raised by her brothers, five, and her older sister Cassandra. (another sibling, Edward, was adopted by a wealthy couple who had no children and moved to stay alongside them). Jane loved her sisters, especially Cassandra who was extremely loyal. They had extensive correspondence throughout her life. A large portion of the information we have about Jane is from these letters. However, they were, unfortunately, Cassandra burned a few of them shortly before Jane’s demise.
Jane received her education at Oxford and later at a border school in Reading. At the beginning of the 1800s two of her brothers were drafted into the navy and left to join the Napoleonic wars. They were later promoted to admirals. The naval connections of Jane are evident in books such as Mansfield Park. Following the death of her father in 1805 Jane along with her sister and mother returned to Hampshire. In 1809 her brother Edward who was raised by the Knights and had a connection to the Knights of the Round Table invited the family over to the estate that he had been given at Chawton. It was at the country home of Chawton where Jane could write some of her best novels.
Novels by Jane Austen
Jane Austen’s novels are a reflection of her outlook on life. She spent most of her life insulated from certain sections of society. Her close friends were mainly her family and those of similar social standing. It is not surprising then that her novels focused on two or three families of the middle or upper classes. Most of her novels were also based on the idyll of rural country houses that Jane was so fond of.
Her stories also deal with the challenge of finding the right marriage. At the time of her writing, in the Nineteenth Century, marriage was an important issue for both men and women alike. Often it was based on financial considerations that were the most important factor when choosing marriage. As the author, Jane wrote about these motivations for financial gain For instance In Pride and Prejudice the mother is mocked for her desire to marry her daughters to earn the most lucrative financial compensation. Jane herself was unmarried throughout her life. Except for brief flirtations, Jane was single and seemed to be apathetic about getting married.
Biography Of Jane Austen
Jane’s novel’s strength was her capacity to get deep insight into the character and character of relationships even from a very small number of locations and characters. Particularly, she contributed to redefining the roles and goals of middle-class women just like her. Through her witty mockery of social norms and societal norms, she helped free modern ideas about the things women can be striving for.
In her lifetime, the books were quite well-known. One of her most loyal fans was Walter Scott. He wrote about her books:
” That young lady is gifted in telling the story of the feelings and everyday characters that I consider to be the most amazing person I’ve ever had the pleasure of meeting.“
In the first half of the 19th century women were not permitted to sign contracts, and publishing a novel had been handled by a male family member. Thanks to her brother Jane’s editor Thomas Egerton agreed to publish Jane’s works and upon publication, they did well. In the early days, the readership of novels was small number because of the expense of paper. The initial print run for her debut novel “Sense and Sensibility” (1811) was only 750. As they were sold out, the novel was reprinted, and subsequent books were printed with larger printing runs. Jane made a small profit from book royalties, however, she did not get much recognition since the books were printed anonymously.
In 1815, Jane learned that Prince Regent (the future King George IV) wanted a book for dedication to his memory. Emma was therefore committed to the King, even though Jane did not approve of the stories about his sexually sexy and sexually licentious behavior.
The Death of Jane Austen
A few years after getting modestly successful as an author published, Jane began feeling unwell and, despite her efforts to ignore it and write her book, her health rapidly deteriorated. Jane passed away in 1816 at the age of 41. Jane died from Addison’s disease an illness in the adrenal glands. She was laid to rest at Winchester Cathedral.
Two museums are that are dedicated specifically to Jane Austen.
- Bath and the Jane Austen Centre in Bath and
- The Jane Austen’s Home Museum situated at Chawton Cottage, in Hampshire which is where she resided between 1809 and 1616.
The year 2005 was the year that Pride and Prejudice were voted the best British story of all time by a BBC poll.
Jane Austen Novels
- Sensibility as well as Sensibility (1811)
- Pride and Prejudice (1813)
- Mansfield Park (1814)
- Emma (1815)
- Northanger Abbey (1818, posthumous)
- Persuasion (1818, posthumous)
- Lady Susan (1871 posthumously)
- Watsons (1804) Watsons (1804)
- Sanditon (1817)
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