Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru
Born: 14th November 1889
Died: May 27, 1964
Achievements: Actively took part actively in The Non-Cooperation Movement, was elected to the office of President of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924, and also served as the Chief Executive City Officer. He and presided over the Lahore Congress session in 1929 and passed a resolution calling for independence. He was elected as President. He was his first Premier Minister in an independent India from the Congress Party in 1936, 1936, and 1946. He was one of the major creators of the Alliance movement.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nathu was one of the most prominent participants in the movement for freedom. He was India’s first prime minister India following the declaration of independence. Jawaharlal Nehru is often credited as the creator of modern India. He was very fond of children and was affectionately known as Chacha Nehru.
Life is the first step.
Jawaharlal Nehru was born on the 14th of November 1889. The father of Jawaharlal Nehru Motilal Nehru worked as a well-known attorney in Allahabad. Jawaharlal Nehru’s mom’s name is Swarupa Rani. Jawaharlal Nehru is the sole one son to Motilal Nehru. Alongside Jawaharlal Nehru Motilal Nehru was also a father to three girls. Nehru had been a Saraswat Brahmin of Kashmiri descent.
Jawaharlal Nehru attended the top universities and schools around the globe. He completed his education at Harrow and earned his law degree at Trinity College, Cambridge. He was in England formulating a rational approach to Fabian socialism as well as Irish nationalists.
Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru
Jawaharlal Nehru was back in India in 1912 and began his legal career. He married Kamala Nehru in 1916. Jawaharlal Nehru was a member of his first group, the Home Rule League in 1917. The first time he was involved in politics was after a few years in 1919 when he had a meeting with Mahatma Gandhi. In 1919, Mahatma Gandhi launched an effort to protest against his infamous Rowlatt Act. Nehru was especially drawn to Mahatma Gandhi’s active, but peaceful civil disobedience. Gandhi himself was able to see a sign of optimism and promise of India in the youthful Jawaharlal Nehru.
In the wake of Mahatma Gandhi’s instructions, they changed the family of Nehru. Jawaharlal as well as Motilal Nehru quit Western clothes and expensive properties. He began wearing a khadi kurta as well as a Gandhi cap. Jawaharlal Nehru was a prominent participant with his participation in the Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920-1922 and was detained for the first time in this period. Then he was released after a couple of months.
Jawaharlal Nehru became the as the President of the Allahabad Municipal Corporation in 1924 and was chief executive of the town for two years. This was an invaluable experience in administration for him after he became the Prime Minister of the nation. The Prime Minister used his time to increase public education, medicine, and sanitation. He quit in 1926 because of the lack of cooperation from his British authorities.
Biography of Jawaharlal Nehru
From 1926 until 1928 Jawaharlal was Director of the General Secretariat for the All India Congress Committee. In 1928-1929 The Congress Annual Conference was held under the leadership of Motilal Nehru. In that conference, Jawaharlal Nehru and Subhash Chandra Bose agreed with the call for full political independence, in contrast, Motilal Nehru, along with other leaders, were in favor of a state that was sovereign in the British Empire. To settle the issue, Gandhi did a middle course and advised Britain for two years to grant India the status of a state. If this is not done, Congress will begin a nationwide protest for total political independence. Nehru and Bose called for reducing the period by one year. The British government didn’t take a position on this.
In December 1929 In December 1929, The Congress Annual Conference was held in Lahore where Jawaharlal Nehru won the election as the president of the Congress Party. At this conference, a resolution calling for “Poorna Swaraj” was approved and on the 26th of January 1930, Jawaharlal Nehru lowered the banner of an independent India during the celebration in Lahore. Gandhi demanded civil protests in the year 1930. The movement was extremely successful and caused the British government to acknowledge the necessity of major changes in the political system.
In 1935, when the British government enacted the Act of 1935, the Congress party decided to run in the elections. Nehru did not participate in the election, but he ran a vigorous campaign across the country to support the Congress party. The Congress created governments in nearly every province, and also won the most members at the Central Assembly. Nehru was elected as the president of Congress in 1936 in 1937, 1937, and 1946. He was one of two leaders in the nationalist party after Gandhi. In 1942, he was detained in the Quit India Movement in 1945 and has since left. In 1947, he played a significant part in talks in the negotiations with the British government regarding the partition and the recognition of independence for India in India and Pakistan.
He was India’s first premier in an independent India in 1947. He was able to overcome the formidable issues of mass immigration and protests at the frontier with Pakistan as well as the integration of approximately 500 princely states in the Indian Union, framing of an entirely new constitution, as well as an administration and political setup to ensure the parliamentary system of democracy.
Jawaharlal Nehru played a key contribution to the growth of India. He established the Planning Commission, promoted growth in science and technology, and introduced the three successive Five Year Plans. His policies set off an era of new industry and agriculture within the country. Nehru played a significant role in the formation of the country’s foreign policies. Jawaharlal together and Nehru, Tito, and Nasser developed the Alinah movement in the fight to ending of the colonialism that was raging across Asia as well as Africa. He also acted as a mediator in the resolution of international disputes such as ending the Korean War, settling the Suez Canal dispute and the Congo Treaty, and shaping India’s capabilities to assist in international security. He also played a crucial role in the back of the room to resolve numerous other issues of importance including West Berlin, Austria, and Laos.
Nehru could not improve relations between India and Pakistan as well as China. The Kashmir issue as well as an amicable border conflict with China proved as stepping stones towards an agreement with Pakistan. India faced a war with China at the end of 1962 a fact Nehru did not anticipate. This was a significant defeat for him and likely resulted in his death. Jawaharlal Nehru was killed by an attack of the heart on 27 May 1964.
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