BiographyFreedom Fighters

Biography of Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay

Biography of Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay


Kamal Devi Chattopadhyay

Born: April 3, 1903 (Mangalore, Karnataka)

Died: October 29, 1988

Scope: Fighter for freedom as well as a social reformer

Kamal Devi Chattopadhyay was a social reformer and freedom fighter, a pioneer of women’s movements, and a Gandhian woman who helped bring about an era of revival in the area of Indian handicrafts. Her social activism is active and advocates for literature and art. Because of the loneliness of her life and the call for action Mahatma Gandhi’s message, she enlisted in National service.

Mahatma Gandhi is highly regarded by Kamal Devi Chattopadhyay, who brought together the nation’s handicrafts and handloom industries and created an entirely new image at the national level. Gandhiji awarded the title “Supreme Romantic Heroine” to the courageous freedom fighters of the day.

Kamaladevi was a socialist, despite being a Brahmin and a women’s rights advocate despite being a bride for a girl. A politician who didn’t require chairs. He was not willing to accept the honors that were bestowed by the government following independence, as great as his patriotic stance was. Following the division of India, refugees were relocated. Her influence was that of Gandhiji Jawaharlal Nehru Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, Sarojini Naidu, and Kasturba Gandhi.

While in London, Mahatma Gandhi joined the Non-Cooperation Movement and returned to India in 1923. After her return, she began making contributions to Sevadal and Gandhian organizations.


Biography of Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay

Family and early life

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was born on April 3rd, 1903, in Mangalore (Karnataka) to a wealthy Brahmin family. The fourth and eldest child of the parents. The father of the child, Anantayya Dhareshwar, District Collector for Mangalore. The mother of his son Girijabai was a highly educated confident, affluent and shrewd woman, who was part of an affluent family from Karnataka. His grandmother was also well-educated about ancient Indian wisdom.


Because she grew up in such a secluded environment she was self-motivated and self-sufficient, which came to be useful later on in life. He was the first to earn the Diploma in Sociology at Bedford College, Mangalore, University of London, and later after his second marriage. He also completed a comprehensive study of the old Indian traditional Sanskrit comedy Kutiyattam (Kerala).

When he was seven an old man, his father passed away. He was an innocent child bride and her first marriage was in 1917. She married Krishna Rao at a very young age just 12 years. However, after 2 years Krishna Rao died in 1919 and she was widowed as she was a student at the school.

As per her preferences, in the 1920s, Sarojini got married to Harendranath Chattopadhyay, Naidu’s younger brother. However, his relatives who were caste-based are strongly against it.

After the wedding, Kamaladevi traveled for a visit to London along with Harendranath. Rabindranath was also fascinated by music, art poetry, literature, and poetry. The relationship was not able to last for long because of the differences in ideology between the two which eventually resulted in divorce. The couple had one son, whose name is Ramakrishna Chattopadhyay.


Biography of Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay

Contribution to the Women’s Movement

Nature-loving Kamala Devi founded the ‘All India Women’s Conference. She was extremely courageous as the very first Indian woman to summon the courage to take part in democratic elections that were open to the public in the 1920s when most Indian females did not be aware of the significance of independence. She was among the women who took part in Gandhi’s “Salt Movement” (1930) and the ‘Non-Cooperation Movement.

The first female from the Bombay Presidency to be arrested for breaking the Salt Act. During the struggle for freedom, she was detained four times and was in prison for five years.

Contribution to the development of handicrafts, handloom art, and handicrafts

He has performed a remarkable and impressive job in the direction of revealing the wonderful handicrafts and handlooms that are found in various parts of the country. Kamala Chattopadhyay was the first Indian woman to introduce handlooms and handicrafts, not just in India but globally.

Following the declaration of independence in 1952, He was appointed the director of the All Indian Handicraft’. He travels around the villages and collects handicrafts as well as crafts. The result of her devotion to the weavers of the nation was that whenever she visited the villages, the weavers, weavers goldsmiths, and weavers took off their turbans, and put the turbans on their backs. The community christened her ‘Weaver Mother’ in recognition of her unwavering and selfless spirit of motherhood serving.

Contribute to the creation of significant cultural and financial institutions in the country.


Biography of Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay

The majority of the significant cultural institutions across India currently are the fruit of his visionary and determined efforts. Some of them include the National School of Drama, Sangeet Natak Academy, Central Cottage Industries Emporium, and Craft Council of India. He was a major contributor to the economic and social growth of the Indian people through the promotion of crafts and cooperative movements. While doing these things it was necessary to battle with the Indian government before and after the declaration of independence.

Written books

She also wrote the books “The Awakening of the Indian Woman in 1939, “And Japan Wisdom and Strength in 1943. She also wrote ‘Uncle Samuel’s Empire and ‘In war-torn China 1944, and “Towards a National Theatre. The books were very well-loved.

Awards and Honours

For his work in the social sphere For his work in the social sector, and his social service, the Government of India honored him with the honorary title of Padma Bhushan in 1955.

1987 in 1987, In 1987, the Government of India honored him with the second-highest civilian award ‘Padma Bhushan.

The year was 1966 and he won the Ramon Magsaysay Award in recognition of Community Leadership.

Received ‘Fellowship and Ratna Member’ from Sangeet Natak Academy.

He was also awarded the ‘Lifetime Achievement in the field of music from Sangeet Natak Akademi in the year 1974.

UNESCO recognized him in 1977 to promote handicrafts.

Santiniketan has been awarded the most prestigious honor, ‘Deshikottam’.


She died on the 29th of October 1988.

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