Biography of Ram Manohar Lohia

Biography of Ram Manohar Lohia


Ram Manohar Lohia

Born: March 23, 1910, Akbarpur, Faizabad

Died: October 12, 1967, New Delhi

Occupation: Freedom Fighter, Politician

Ram Manohar Lohia was a freedom fighter, a fervent socialist, and a well-known politician. Ram Manohar was always a follower of the truth and performed a remarkable job during the struggle for freedom. Ram Manohar Lohia was one of the people who changed the direction of the political process in his unique style in Indian politics both during and following the freedom movement. He was renowned for his passionate patriotism and extravagant socialist views and because of these qualities he gained an immense amount of admiration from both his followers as well as those who opposed him.


Childhood and the early years of life

Ram Manohar Lohia was born on March 23, 1910, in Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh. His mother is an educator. His mother passed away when he was a child. Through his patriotic father, the young man was encouraged early on to take part in the Indian freedom movement through protest rallies and gatherings. The most significant moment for him was when he brought his father of his, Ram Manohar, who was near Mahatma Gandhi and was also a close friend of Mahatma Gandhi a visit Gandhi. Ram Manohar was inspired by Gandhi’s ideas and personality and was a staunch supporter of Gandhi’s ideas throughout his entire life.

In 1921, he came across Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for the first time. He worked under his direction for a few years. They later fought on several issues and political fundamentals. In 1928 at the age of 18 years old, Lohia was a demonstrator against the Simon Commission created to be a part of The British government.

He passed the matriculation test with a first-class score and was granted acceptance into Banaras Hindu University in Intermediate. Then he graduated with a degree from Calcutta University in 1929 and a Ph.D. He was accepted into Germany’s University of Berlin, Germany and graduated in 1932. In the university, he quickly learned German and was awarded financial aid due to his exceptional academic achievements.



Biography of Ram Manohar Lohia

Ram Manohar Lohia ideology

Lohia was always a fan of Hindi over English since it is the only official language in India. The reason he believed English creates an inequity between the educated and the uninitiated. He often said that using Hindi will promote the ideals of unification and the idea of forming a new nation. He was adamantly opposed to caste.

He was against the caste system and suggested it be eliminated by “roti our beti”. The castes were all ordered to eat in a group and the upper castes were instructed to get their sons married to lower caste women. Similar to his “United Socialist Party”, he urged people from the poorest classes to run for higher office. They wanted to set up higher-quality public schools to offer equal educational opportunities for everyone.

Contribution to the  Indian Independence Movement

A strong desire to take part in the movement for freedom from the age of a child has not fulfilled his life, even as he grew older. While in Europe He formed an organization called the “Association of EuropeanIndians’. Its goal was to educate European Indians about Indian nationalism. He also took part in the League of Nations meeting in Geneva but India is represented in the form of Maharaja Bikaner as an all-time ally of the British state, with Lohia being the only exception.


He began the protest in the gallery of the audience and afterward wrote several letters to editors of magazines and newspapers outlining the reason for his protest. This entire incident led to Ram Manohar Lohia an overnight celebrity in India. After his return to India, He became a member of the Indian National Congress Party and laid the foundation of the Congress Socialist Party in the year 1934. After 1936 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru swore his initial secretary for the All India Congress Committee.

On May 24, 193,9 Lohia had his first arrest in the nation because of provocative comments and threatening government institutions however, he was released the following day amid the fear of a revolt by youth. In June of 1940, he again was detained because of a piece called “Satyagraham Now” and sent to prison for two years. After that, he was released in December 1941. He was in jail in 1942 as part of the Quit India movement along with numerous other leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi Nehru, Maulana Azad, and Vallabhbhai Patel.

In the years following, however, he was incarcerated twice. Once he was detained in Mumbai and transferred to Lahore Jail and the second time in Goa to speak and hold a gathering in opposition to his Portuguese government. In the time that India was preparing to declare independence, he was strongly against the nation’s partition by delivering speeches and essays. He was against the division of the country by violence. On event Independence Day, August 1,5 1947, the day that all the political leaders gathered in Delhi the city, they quit Delhi along with the Guru (Mahatma Gandhi) to mourn the repercussions of the unjust separation of India.


Biography of Ram Manohar Lohia

Post-Independence Activities

In the years after independence, he was at the best he could as a fighter for freedom to ensure the rebuilding of the nation. He called on the public as well as private citizens to take part in the rebuilding of the nation by building roads, canals, wells, and canals. Ram Manohar Lohia raised his voice in opposition to Prime Secretary Jawahar Lal Nehru’s spending in the amount of “Rs. 25000 per day” through the song ‘Teen Anana 15 Anana The song remains popular to this day. At the time the median income for the majority of the population in India was just 3 annas per day but according to figures from the Planning Commission of India, the per capita average was between 15 and 15 annas.

Lohia has brought up problems that have remained behind the country’s prosperity. Through his speeches and writing his work, he tried to raise awareness, and reduce the gap between rich and poor casting disparities, and gender and caste inequalities. He founded the ‘Hind Kisan Panchayat’ for the mutual resolution of issues about agriculture. He wished to give more authority to central government schemes by putting them in control of the citizens. In his final years, he spoke about subjects such as the politics of India, Indian literature, and art with the youth of the nation.


Ram Manohar Lohia died on 12 October 1967 in New Delhi at the age of 57.

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