Biography of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Born: October 31, 1875
Died: December 15, 1950
Successes: Successfully led the Kheda Satyagraha and also the Bardoli Rebellion against the British government. He was elected as President of the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation in 1922 between 1924 and 1927. He was elected as President of Congress in 1931. He became the first Vice-Prime Secretary and the Home Minister in an independent India. A key part in the integration of India’s politics was confirmed to Bharat Ratna in 1991.
Sardar Patel from India, the country’s very first Vice Prime Secretary and Minister of Home are also popularly known as”the Iron Man. It is his full title, Vallabhai Patel. He played a significant part in the struggle for freedom of India and was India’s first Vice-Prime Secretary and Minister of Home Affairs. He is believed to have contributed to an unification political process in India.
The first step is life.
Vallabhbhai Patel was born on October 31, 1875, in Nadiad a tiny village located in Gujarat. He was the son of Jhaverbhai an agriculturalist while his mom Ladbai was a commoner woman. Sardar Vallabhbhai started his primary training in Karamsad. Then he enrolled in an institution in Petlad. After two years, he enrolled in an institution of higher learning located in Nadiad. He was able to pass his graduation examination in 1896. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was an excellent student throughout his schooling.
Vallabhbhai desired to become a lawyer, and had to travel to England to pursue his dream however, he didn’t have the financial resources to enroll in an Indian college. The time was when a person could take the bar exam in a private study. This meant that Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel lent legal books and books that a lawyer that he knew and began studying at home. At times, he was also a participant in court hearings and paid attention to the argument of attorneys. Then, Vallabhbhai was able to pass the law examination.
Biography of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Following this, Sardar Patel started his legal practice in Godhra shortly thereafter his legal practice began. He married Jabarba. The daughter Maniben is born in 1904, and his daughter Dahaya Bhai in 1905. Vallabhbhai also sent his brother Vithalbhai who was himself a lawyer and lawyer, to England to further his training in the field of law.
Patel was just 33 years old of age when his wife passed away. He was not looking to be married again. After the departure of his elder brother Vallabhbhai moved to England and devotedly studied and was the first to pass the examination for law. Sardar Patel came back to his home in India in 1913 and began practicing in Ahmedabad. Then he gained a lot of attention. He was swayed by his friends. Patel ran for and was elected the Sanitary Commissioner in Ahmedabad in 1917.
Sardar Patel was heavily influenced by the great success that Gandhi had achieved with his Champaran Satyagraha. In 1918, there was a widespread famine within the Kheda section of Gujarat. The people of the area wanted relief from tax burdens, however, the British government would not agree. Gandhiji addressed the issue of the peasants, however, it was not possible to dedicate all his energy to Kheda, and was searching for someone to lead the fight when he was not there. At this time Sardar Patel agreed to lead the fight. He resigned from his lucrative legal profession and entered into a more social life.
Life in the political arena
Vallabhbhai was able to lead the struggle of the farmers in Kheda and as a result, from which, the British government was unable to collect revenue and also withdrew taxes. The fight ended in 1919. Vallabhbhai Patel was a national hero after the Kheda Satyagraha. Vallabhbhai was a supporter of Gandhi’s non-cooperation movement and also helped in the organization of opposition to British products in Ahmedabad as the president of the Gujarat Congress.
He put aside his western clothing and began wearing khadis. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was elected President of the Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation 1922 in 1922, 1924, and 1927. Electricity was increased and education was improved throughout Ahmedabad during his time in office. Sanitation and drainage systems were extended across the city.
in 1928 Bardoli Taluka of Gujarat was suffering from flooding and droughts. Amid this crisis, it was the time that the British government increased income taxes by 30. Sardar Patel was in support of the farmers and asked the governor to lower taxes. Since the governor was unable to accept this request, the government set a date to collect taxes.
Sardar Patel demanded that the farmers not collect any amount of taxes. The government tried to stop the protest, but finally, Vallabhbhai Patel had to concede. The victory of this battle and then at Bardoli made Sardar Patel’s standing in politics across India. Patel is now referred to as Sardar by his associates and his followers.
He was detained at the time of his participation in the Salt Satyagraha in 1930, which sparked the movement across Gujarat and caused authorities in the British authorities to let go of Gandhi as well as Patel. Following that, he was detained once more in Mumbai. Sardar Patel was freed from jail following an agreement to sign the Gandhi-Irwin Pact in 1931 and was elected the Congress president at 1931’s Karachi convention.
Gandhiji as well as Sardar Patel were both arrested in January 1932 and were imprisoned at Yerawada Central Jail after their defeat at the Round Table Conference in London. During this period of confinement during which Sardar Patel as well as Mahatma Gandhi were able to become close and shared an intense bond of love and trust, as well as honesty. Sardar Patel was released in July 1934.
In August 1942 in August 1942, the Congress began The Quit India Movement. All the prominent Congress leaders, including Vallabhbhai Patel, were detained in the hands of the federal government. After three years, all the Congress leaders were freed. When India gained independence on the 15th of August 1947 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of an independent India 1947. Sardar Patel was elected the Vice-Prime Minister. In addition to that his duties, he was also accountable to his ministry, which included the Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, and Ministries of State.
Biography of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
The amalgamation of Indigenous States (Political States)
When India gained independence, there existed five states within India. A few Maharajas as well as Nawabs that ruled these principalities were smart and patriotic however, the majority were enthralled by power and wealth. When the British quit India and retreated to the United States, they had a dream of being independent rulers.
The argument was that the independence of the Indian government should be able to grant the Indians equal rights. Many of them are contemplating sending their officials to join the United Nations. Patel asked for patriotic kings from India and demanded that they be part of the process to gain independence for the country and be accountable rulers who is concerned about how their nation’s future will be.
He stated that the idea of a separate nation was unattainable for the princely kings from the princely states of 565, and the best for them was to interests to be a part of the Republic of India. Following this, he created tiny princely states with incredible intelligence and political foresight. Colonists were also part of his when he took initiative. He ruled his own Nizam of Hyderabad as well as his own Nawab from Junagadh who at first didn’t want to be part of India. He led the nation in discord without bloodshed. Sardar Patel was conferred the honorary title: of Iron Man for this feat.
Sardar Patel passed away from a heart attack on the 15th of December 1950.
Sardar Patel was given the Bharat Ratna award in 1991 for his service to the nation.
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