Biography Of Winston Churchill

Biography Of Winston Churchill

 

Winston Churchill

Sir Winston Churchill (30 November 1874 24 January 1965) was a British politician and writer who was the most well-known Premier of the United Kingdom during the Second World War.

Churchill was famous for his determination to stand up against Hitler during the darkest moments of the Second World War.

Short Bio Winston Churchill

Winston was born in Blenheim Palace in Woodstock close to Oxford in the aristocratic household of, his father the Duke of Marlborough. He was raised by servants and family members from the household. He never spoke to his father and he spent the majority of his youth at a boarding school called Harrow. Churchill was not the best of students and was known for his rebellious personality and was reported to be slow to master the subject. However, Churchill excelled in sports and was a member of the officer cadets and enjoyed it.

After leaving school, he attended Sandhurst to learn how to become an officer. After receiving his commission, Churchill sought to gain as much military experience as possible. Churchill made use of the connections of his mother to gain assignments to conflict zones. The young Churchill received assignments for Cuba as well as northwest India. He also juggled his military duties with his work as a war reporter, earning a significant amount of money for his coverage of the battles.

He was released from the military and pursued his career as a war reporter. He was stationed in South Africa for the Boer War and became famous for his part in a scouting team which was captured and later released. He could have earned the Victoria Cross for his efforts although he was an unemployed civil servant at that time. Following his experience and his experience, he was offered a temporary assignment with the South African Light Horses and later said he was a part of”a good war” while continuing to work as a war reporter.

 

Biography Of Winston Churchill

 

Biography Of Winston Churchill

 

Winston Churchill 1900

Churchill came back to the UK in the year 1900 and was a Conservative campaigner for Oldham. After becoming an MP Churchill started a lucrative public speaking tour in which Churchill could charge a premium price for his talks.

In 1904 the year 1904, he made a radical shift, resigning from 1904 the Conservative Party and joining the Liberal Party. The Liberal Party later called him”a class traitor” by certain Conservative colleagues. Churchill was adamant about the increasing number of Conservative policies, such as the protection of tariffs. Churchill also showed some compassion for improving the conditions of the poor as well as aiding the poor.

In the Liberal Party, Churchill made an impressive rise to the political scene. In 1908, he was named president of the Board of Trade, and Churchill was a major advocate for Lloyd George’s radical People’s Budget which was a budget that saw the expansion of an infancy Welfare State and the introduction of income tax to finance it. The budget brought about major improvements to the lives of the poor, and also helped to tackle the issue of inequality in British society.

“What does it mean to be living if not to fight to make a difference in the world and create a more hospitable for the people who will be living in it after we’ve gone?”

– W. Churchill Speech at Kinnaird Hall, Dundee, Scotland (“Unemployment”), October 10, 1908,

But, even though Churchill had been a Liberal but he was strongly anti-socialist and distrustful of unions. In the General Strike, he took the hardline position to defeat unions at all costs.

He was appointed First Lord of the Admiralty in 1911. became the first Lord of the Admiralty which he held through his time in the First World War.

At the time of the beginning of hostilities throughout Europe, Churchill was one of the most ardent cabinet members who argued for British participation in the conflict. In August 1914 there was a split in the Liberal cabinet was divided with some members opposing having a war in Europe. But Churchill’s position was accepted and he acknowledged being excited about the possibility of participating in the “Great War”. He traveled to Belgium and urged the Royal Marines to commit to actions in the area of Antwerp. The move was criticized as a waste of resources. Others claimed that it was to protect the ports of the channel from the advance of the German army.

Churchill also utilized navy funds to fund the development of the tank, something Churchill thought would be helpful during the conflict.

However, despite his fervent desire for war, the main strategy was dismissed as unsuccessful. Churchill designed his 1915 Dardanelles Campaign – a daring attempt to oust Turkey off the battlefield. However, it ended up being a military disaster with thousands of Allied deaths and no military gains. Even though the responsibility for the error was shared with other people, Churchill resigned from his post and sought an army position on the Western Front.

 

Biography Of Winston Churchill

 

 

After experiencing a lack of combat during the Western Front, he returned to London and was a member of the opposition benches until he joined Lloyd George’s Coalition government. After 1917, Churchill was appointed Minister of Munitions, a position that required strong administrative skills to manage the limited resources of the conflict. Churchill was regarded as a competent and proficient minister.

At the end of the First World War, Churchill was involved in efforts to help his fellow soldiers – the Russian white army who were fighting the Communist forces who were gaining control over the Soviet Union.

In 1924, Churchill was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer by Conservative Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin. With the help of many analysts, Churchill made the decision to restore Britain back to its Gold Standard at a pre-war level. However, this turned out to be detrimental to the economy, and caused an era of deflation with high unemployment, as well as low growth. Churchill later acknowledged that this was the biggest mistake he made in his domestic life.

The slow growth and the declining living standards led to the General Strike of 1926 – Churchill was determined to disarm the strikers, and also defeat the trade unions. In the course of this, Churchill expressed his admiration for Mussolini for his ability to be a powerful leader.

His political squabbles forced him back to the backbenches in the 1930s, where he was an active advocate of appeasement, and urged the government to rearm. Churchill was often the sole voice speaking out about the dangers that were growing from the Nazi regime in Germany. He also supported Indian Independence and was an unwavering advocate for the Empire.

After a shaky beginning to the Second World War, the Commons elected Churchill to be the leader of Britain in the Second World War. UK in a coalition of nations. Churchill played a key role in ensuring that Britain fought on. Churchill was against the voices of minorities within the cabinet who wanted to negotiate with Hitler.

Churchill proved to be a skilled war leader. His speeches gained acclaim and became a significant call to arms for a nation that was largely isolated during the turbulent times between 1940-41. The first few years of the war saw an outbreak of the Battle of Britain and the Blitz as a time of the threat of invasion from Germany appeared likely.

“we will defend our Island at any cost, we will fight on the beach and at the landing areas and in the fields and on the streets, we will fight on the hills, we will never give up”

 

Biography Of Winston Churchill

 

Speech in the House of Commons (4 June 1940)

“Let us, therefore, rise to fulfill our responsibilities and bear the burden of to the fact that, if you let British Empire and its Commonwealth last for a thousand years the people will continue to say”This was their most memorable moment.”

Speech in the House of Commons, June 18, 1940

Following the  US joining the war in 1942 the initial crisis was resolved and the course of the war was beginning to turn. Following the Battle of El Alamein, Churchill was able to tell his House of Commons.

“Now this isn’t the end. It’s not necessarily the start of the ending. But it could be it is the conclusion of the beginning.”

From 1943 and onwards Churchill became more active in managing the unstable Allied coalition comprising the Soviet Union, the US, and the UK. Churchill participated in a variety of areas of warfare and took into consideration all aspects and particularly in the preparations for the D-Day landings at Normandy. Churchill was also a participant in meetings together with Stalin as well as Roosevelt which helped to shape the post-war resolution and the war. With American funds, Churchill played a role in helping to avoid the mistakes of the First World War as the Allies tried to avoid a brutal settlement and rebuild the occupied Europe.

“In War: Resolution. In Defeat: Defiance. In Victory: Magnanimity. In Peace: Good Will.”

– Winston Churchill, The Second World War, Volume I: The Gathering Storm (1948)

Churchill was Churchill who helped spread the term “Iron Curtain” as he observed the increasing divide in the Communist East as well as Western Europe.

“A shadow is falling on the scenes recently illuminated by the Allied victory. …. Between Stettin on the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic the iron curtain has risen all across Continent.”

Speech at Fulton, Missouri on March 5, 1946

After having won during the Second World War, Churchill was stunned to lose the general election of 1945 to a newly-formed Labour party. He was the leader of the Opposition between 1945 and 1951.

 

Biography Of Winston Churchill

 

However, under the Conservatives Churchill returned to power following the 1950 election, embracing most of the postwar consensus as well as the demise of the British Empire. Churchill was the Prime Minister for a period of time from 1951 to 1955 before quitting politics. In his final speech to the House of Commons in 1955-03-01 concluded his speech with the words:

“The day will come when fair play, respect for our fellow citizens respect for justice, and freedom will allow the afflicted generations to rise triumphantly from the terrible era that we endure. Meanwhile, never flinch, never weary, never despair.”

Churchill was given the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1953 “for his ability to write a biographical and historical description and for his dazzling oratory in defending the highest value of humankind.” In the latter part of the course of his career, Churchill became an accomplished artist, but he also experienced retirement challenging and was afflicted with bouts of depression.

Churchill passed away in his home at the age of 90 in the early morning of Sunday 24, January. The funeral of Churchill was considered to be the most elaborate public funeral of any kind ever held to the time of his death.

 

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