Complete Details Of Nuclear And Space Research Centers In India

Complete Details Of Nuclear And Space Research Centers In India

Nuclear and Space Research Centres of India

India is home to many famous research and development centers in the fields of nuclear and space that are listed as follows:

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
Indi Space Research Organization(ISRO)
Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) of India
Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL)
Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL)
India Rare Earths Limited (IREL)
Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR)
Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP)
Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC)
Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC)
Physical Research Library (PRL)
Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR)
National Chemical Laboratory (NCL)
Space Application Centre (SAC)
High Altitude Research Laboratory (HARL)
Antrix Corporation Limited (ACL)
Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI)
Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC)
Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD)
Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC)


Complete Details Of Nuclear And Space Research Centers In India

1.) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC):

It is a prestigious nuclear research center of India situated at the Trombay in Mumbai city of the Maharashtra state of India. Formerly, it was known as the Atomic Energy Establishment Trombay; later, it was renamed BARC in 1967 after the demise of Dr. Bhabha in 1966 due to an air crash. Dr. Ajit Kumar Mohanty is the director of BARC, from 12 March 2019 onwards.

BARC is designed to explore and investigate the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, particularly in the fields of energy generation as well as usage. In addition, it processes used nuclear fuel and also monitors the performance of nuclear reactors throughout the world.

It is home to eight research reactors. They include Apsara, Cirus, Dhruva, Zerline, Purnima I II, III and. It also develops and designs reactors, which include heavy water reactors and fast breeder reactors. It is also involved in the production of radioisotopes, as well as building manufacturing facilities for uranium and nuclear fuels as well as the immobilization of wastes, radioisotope laboratory, and much more. In addition, it has constructed pilot facilities for zirconium and titanium, heavy water and heavy water, and titanium. Additionally, it is also involved in projects related to weapons.


2) Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO):

It is an Indian space agency that is famous all over the world for its achievements in the field of space search and exploration. It was established in 1969 after superseding the former Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR). It was Dr. Vikram Sarabhai who understood the importance of space technology in the nation’s development and guided the ISRO in performing its duties for development. Accordingly, ISRO started working with the aim of providing space-based services and developing the infrastructure, equipment, and technologies to achieve the same indigenously.

Additionally, it maintains the largest collection of communication satellites. These include, for instance, the Indian National Satellite System (INSAT) for reliable and fast communications, and Indian Remote Sensing (IRS) satellites to observe the earth. Thus, it has created several satellites with specific applications for the nation, including communication and meteorological forecasts for the weather, medical telemedicine geographical information system, and many more. In 2015, A S Kiran Kumar is the Chairperson of ISRO. ISRO has made significant progress in space-based activities. It is now one of the top space agencies around the globe.

ISRO’s Vision: To conduct the exploration of space and planetary systems, as well as the space science research, and utilize technology from space to aid in the development of our nation.

To facilitate access to space through the development of launch vehicles and related technologies
To perform the tasks of earth observations, navigation communications meteorology, as well as space science with satellites and other related technologies
To carry out to implement of the Indian National Satellite programs for providing television broadcasting and telecom requirements
To initiate Indian Remote Sensing Satellite (IRS) programs for managing environmental and natural resources by using space-based imagery
Space-based applications and social development
R&D projects in the field of planetary discovery and the science of space

3) Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) of India:

The Atomic Energy Commission of India was created 1948 by the Department of Scientific Research in August 1948. It is a major organization that is part of the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) with its headquarters located in Mumbai. Homi J. Bhabha was the very first chairman of AEC in the year 2019 K.N. Vyas was the AEC’s chairman. AEC.

The principal goals of establishing the AEC are:

To provide education to the nuclear scientists in the country
to promote and coordinate studies in nuclear science across the country
To encourage and support nuclear research at laboratories in commissions in India
To conduct exploring and extracting the atomic minerals of India and to utilize the minerals industrially.


4) Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL):

ECIL was established in April 1967 by A.S. Rao to pave a strong foundation in the field of electronics. It is a Govt. of India entity under the aegis of the ‘department of atomic energy (DAE)’ and is headquartered in Hyderabad. Retd. Admiral Sanjay Chaubey is the chairman and managing director of the ECIL, as of July 2018.

To make the country self-sufficient in the field of strategic electronics

To establish itself as a reliable and valuable national asset in the field of strategic electronics with a focus on Atomic Energy, Defence, and other vital areas of national importance.

ECI strives to help the nation in the area of peaceful applications of Atomic Energy. ECI is an interdisciplinary organization that is focused on the production of nuclear energy in the country as well as space science and the defense system.

It also collaborates with other famous nuclear energy companies in India including Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited (NPCIL), Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), and many more.

Apart from that, it actively promotes and supports other crucial sectors, such as the Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), Defence Indian Ordnance Factories, Department of Space, Civil Aviation, Oil and Gas, Agriculture, and more. It has also created the first domestically-produced digital computers within India TDC 312, TDC 316, and solid-state TV. and the world’s first Earth station from India as well as control and instrumentation for nuclear power plants, and many more.


Complete Details Of Nuclear And Space Research Centers In India


5) Uranium Corporation of India Limited (UCIL):

UCIL is a public sector enterprise that works under the administration of the Department of Atomic Energy. It was established on 4  October 1967 with a special emphasis on being at the forefront of the Nuclear Power cycle. It is headquartered in Singhbhum, India, and Sh. C.K. ASNANI is the chairman and managing director of UCIL as of March 2020.

To meet the requirements of Uranium to be used in the Nuclear Power Programme efficiently and in line with the established standards of safety and environmental protection

To continue to work on developing and implementing a system to reduce the cost of mines and the processing of uranium-rich ores and to extend services such as consulting for mining, tunneling, and processing of ores, as well as the implementation of projects.

UCIL is a key player in the nuclear power generation process of the country, by providing the Uranium needed for pressurized heavy Water Reactors. It makes use of advanced technology for its processing and mining facilities as well as mines. It owns six underground mines in Jaduguda, Bhatin, Bagjata, Narwapahar, Mohuldih, and Turamdih and an open pit mine located in Banduhurand located in Banduhurand in the State of Jharkhand. The mined ore from these mines is processed by factories located in Jaduguda as well as Turamdih. Presently, UCIL is a continuously expanding government entity, which is constantly expanding its network of mines as well as processing facilities.


6) India Rare Earths Limited (IREL):

IREL (India) Limited, (formerly it was called Indian Rare Earths Limited) is established on 18 th August 1950. Its first branch ‘Rare Earths Division (RED) was opened at Aluva in Kochi, Kerala. Later in 1963, it became a fully developed Govt. of India organization under the control of the Department of Atomic Energy. After this, it established two more branches; one at Chavara, Kerala, and another one at Manavalakurichi (MK), Tamil Nadu, to acquire companies in the field of mining and separation of beach sand minerals in the southern part of the country.

In addition, in 1986, it was established in 1986 Orissa Sands Complex (OSCOM) was located at Chatrapur located in Odisha. It is the biggest facility for mineral separation and mining beach sand. Its current annual capacity is around six lakh tons of beach sand and ilmenite minerals, such as Zircon, Rutile, and Garnet.

It also has an It has also established a Rare Earth Extraction Plant located in Odhisha as well as a High Pure Rare Earths (HPRE) plant in RED, Aluva. In addition, it’s conducting other projects in this field. It also is home to an internal Research and Development division at Kollam, Kerala, to assist in the operation of chemical and mineral minerals.


7) Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR):

It is a national research center that belongs to Govt. of India and is operated under the Department of Atomic Energy. It is also a deemed university that offers master’s and doctoral programs degrees.

TIFR was founded in 1945 with the support of Sir Dorabji Tata Trust under the direction of the late Dr. Homi Bhabha. The main campus of TIFR is in Mumbai as well as other centers are in other cities, including Pune, Hyderabad, and Bengaluru.

The brand logo for TIFR was designed by the artist Mr. Montosh Lall, who was a graduate in 1983 of the J.J. Institute of Applied Art in Mumbai. It has three bands that turn clockwise to form an unbroken circle.

In the area of education, it provides different Ph.D. and Integrated M.Sc. and Ph.D. programs in various disciplines of the natural sciences including Biology, Chemistry, Physics as well as Mathematics, Computer Science. In addition, it permits certain M.Sc. programs within the subdomains that are part of Biology and graduate programs in biology, physics, and chemistry.


8. Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics (SINP):

Saha Institute of Nuclear physics (SINP) is situated in Bidhannagar city in the state of Kolkata, India. It is a renowned institute for training, research, and study in physical and biophysical sciences. The institute is headquartered in Kolkata, West Bengal, and was founded by Professor Meghnad Saha, a famous Indian physicist in 1949 as a part of the University of Calcutta. At this point, its name was “The Institute of Nuclear Physics,” and Professor M. N. Saha was part of this institute as its founding director. Later, when M. N. Saha expired in 1956, this institute was renamed after him to honor its founder.

At first, the research conducted by the institute was concerned with Nuclear Physics and Biophysical Sciences. Through the years, its research expanded to include diverse other areas of physics, chemistry, and biology.

Courses available:
SSP The SSP is a one-year-long summer student program (SSP) where students are involved in research and development and research projects within SINP.

Ph. D. program: It began as a one-year pre-Ph.D. course dubbed Post-M.Sc. or PMS. In the following years, the scope of its study was broadened to include different aspects of Physics. Scientific Information and Resource Division (SIRD) which is an element of SINP is the one who coordinates this course.

Undergraduate Associateship Program within Biophysical sciences and Physics It’s to select candidates to become Undergraduate Associates with SINP. It is designed to offer a platform to young scientists to inspire them by giving them the guidance and support they need to research physical and biophysical sciences as a profession.


Complete Details Of Nuclear And Space Research Centers In India


9) Nuclear Fuel Complex (NFC):

NFC is an industrial division of the Department of Atomic Energy, Govt. of India, headquartered in Hyderabad. It was established in 1971 to cater to the fuel requirements of the nuclear power reactors and nuclear programs of Govt. of India. As of March 2020, Dr. Dinesh Srivastava is the Chairman cum Chief Executive of Nuclear Fuel Complex.

To assist India in the process of becoming self-reliant in the manufacture of nuclear fuels, and promote India’s 3-stage nuclear power program to ensure green and sustainable energy. We will never stop striving to improve.

To satisfy the requirements of the customer while taking care to protect the environment and stopping pollution
To ensure that safe conditions are maintained and practices that are safe to avoid injuries and illnesses
To perform work by the requirements of the law.
To continuously improve the quality, environmental and occupational health and safety performance by administrative and technological methods and raise awareness of the importance of health and safety to employees.
It is currently the only company worldwide with an entire manufacturing process (from ore to the core) where zirconium and Uranium are processed all under the same under one roof.

Additionally, it has also developed sophisticated processes and facilities to produce nuclear fuel as well as manufacturing. It is therefore playing an important part in making the country self-sufficient in terms of Nuclear Power Programs.


10) Vikram Sarabhai Space Center (VSSC):

It is a leading center of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) that operates under the Department of Space of the Govt. of India. It is named after Dr. Vikram A Sarabhai, who is known as the father of Indian Space Research Programs. As of March 2020, Dr. K Sivan is the Chairman of VSSC.

VSSC has played a crucial role in the research of rockets and launch vehicle programs of ISRO. It also participates in development and research activities in related fields like propellants and aerodynamics as well as solid propulsion technology Control and Simulation computer science and information technology and aerospace as well as vehicle integration and testing, and many more. In addition, it includes a Space Physics Laboratory (SPL) which is a research and study facility in atmospheric science as well as related space-related research.

Space technology to aid in the development of our nation, while conducting research in space and planetary exploration


Develop, design, and manage launchers as well as other resources to allow access to space
For conducting research and development in the field of space research and exploration of the planetary system.

Flights of operation for geo-synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) and Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle
To develop and design Geo-synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicles that are heavy-lift.
To be proactive and to adopt the most advanced technology
To ensure education, training capacity building, facility development
To promote benefits for society and space technology


11) Physical Research Library (PRL):

PRL is a reputed research institute that emphasizes research in the fields of astronomy, solar physics, astrophysics, geosciences, space and atmospheric sciences, astrochemistry, and more. Its headquarters is in Ahmedabad, India, and it is an independent unit of the Department of Space (DOS), Govt. of India.

PRL was established on 11 November 1947. PRL was founded on 11 November 1947, by The late Dr. Vikram Ambalal Sarabhai, who is often referred to as the father of Space programs in India. Dr. Anil Bhardwaj is the director of PRL at the time of its March 2020 launch.

It is active in the exploration of the planets as well as projects and has accomplished numerous achievements in the fields of exploration and planetary science. It is home to an infrared observatory located at Mt. Abu to study stellar astronomy. There is also the lake-site solar observatory located in Udaipur to study solar astronomy. In addition, it has another facility in Thaltej, Ahmedabad, that is involved in projects that deal with exploring the planets.


12) Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR):

IGCAR is a renowned center for atomic research. It was established in 1971 under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) which belongs to Govt. of India. It is located at Kalpakkam, Chennai. Dr. A.K. Bhaduri is the director of this research center as of March 2020.

The center is active in research and development of scientific knowledge as well as advanced engineering in the development of technology for the Fast Breeder Reactor technology. It can operate a fast breeder test reactor built on the unique mixed plutonium-uranium carbide fuel. Additionally, it operates the Kamini reactor which is the only one in the world to use U233 fuel. Additionally, the development of an experimental 500 MWe fast breeder reactor is under construction at this institute.

to carry out a range of research and development in the field of advanced engineering, to establish the science behind Sodium cooled Fast Breeder reactors (FBR) along with fuel cycle facilities. The company also plans on using the most current technologies, methods, equipment, and techniques for FBRs as well as conducting studies to discover the latest innovations that will revolutionize Fast Reactor technology.


13) National Chemical Laboratory (NCL):

It belongs to the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). It was founded in 1950 and is located in Pune. It is an organization that is engaged in research, development, and consulting based on science, knowledge, and experience. It is world-famous for its contribution to scientific research in chemistry and chemical engineering and its outstanding work in the field of industrial research, including its support to the industry from concept to commercialization. Prof. Ashwini Kumar Nangia is the Director of NCL as of March 2020.


To be a well-known and admired R&D organization across the globe in the fields of chemical and engineering sciences.
To establish an organization that can assist industry Indian chemical and related industries to be internationally competitive companies
To establish an organization with the capacity to create wealth-creation opportunities for the nation and therefore improve the quality of life for the citizens of the country.


Conduct R&D in the field of chemical sciences to create and provide products, services, or intellectual property that will generate revenue and offer other benefits to its customers, partners as well as stakeholders.
Create and manage a portfolio of R&D and scientific programs that assist NCL to meet its stakeholder requirements
To build and sustain resources and knowledge competencies to assist its stakeholders
to help create highly skilled Ph. D. students with expertise and expertise in biological, chemical materials, engineering, and other disciplines.

Guiding principles and values:

To be dedicated to the success of our stakeholders as well as advantages
To establish self-driven, self-managed learning institutions that exhibit transparency in both the internal and external aspects
Respect the dignity of each individual and interact or work with other people without prejudice or prejudice.
To promote the highest standards of ethics and integrity.


Complete Details Of Nuclear And Space Research Centers In India

14) Space Application Centre (SAC):

It is a research institute engaged in multidisciplinary activities under the aegis of the ISRO. Its headquarters is located in Ahmedabad in Gujrat, India. Its main job is to develop space-borne and airborne payloads or instruments and their uses for societal benefits and national development. Their uses are mainly intended to fulfill the navigation, communication, and remote sensing needs of the nation. Furthermore, it has contributed a lot to scientific and planetary missions of ISRO, such the as Mars Orbiter Mission, Chandrayaan-1, etc. Shri. D. K. Das is the Director of ‘SAC’ as of March 2020.

Additionally, the transponders for communication designed to work with Geo Synchronous Satellite (GSAT) and Indian National Satellite (INSAT) allowed both private and public sectors to access technology like the Internet, DTH, broadcasting telephones, and many more.


15) High Altitude Research Laboratory (HARL):

The HARL is a research laboratory located at Gulmarg, Kashmir. It was established in 1963, as suggested by Dr. H.J. Bhabha, that there should be a high altitude or latitude laboratory for research purposes for the scientific community. After its establishment, a wide range of scientific research in the area of ionospheric studies, cosmic ray astrophysics, geomagnetism, radio astronomy, high altitude flora, fauna, etc., are conducted in this laboratory. Besides this, it is one of the outstation facilities of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre where a low-energy Neutron Monitor is operated.


16) Antrix Corporation Limited (ACL):

ACL is a Govt. of India Company under the aegis of the Department of Space (DOS). It is located in Bangalore, India, and was established on 28 September 1992 under the Companies Act, 1956, as a commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organization. It promotes and markets the products and services originating from the Indian Space Programs. In 2008, it was awarded the ‘MINI RATNA’ status. Shri. Rakesh Sasibhushan is the Chairman and Managing Director of Antrix as of March 2020.


To be an international space company making use of the expertise and capabilities that are the strength of the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) as well as other organizations in the space sector

As of today (as of March 2020) the business operations that are carried out by Antrix are as the following:

Transponders for communication satellites are provided to users
Launch services for satellites of customers
Marketing of the information of remotely sensing satellites from Indian and foreign companies
Marketing and development of satellites as well as satellite sub-systems
The development of ground infrastructure for applications in space
The mechanism for the separation of payloads
Services that support satellite missions.
ACL adheres to corporate social Responsibility and CSR policy for helping the poorer segments of society. It carries out special initiatives in the areas of health, education economic development, and environmental protection. It gives the equivalent of 2% of its previous three years’ profits to an annual budget and collaborates with Public Sector Units, Non-Government Organizations as well as government agencies.


17) Central Mechanical Engineering Research Institute (CMERI):

CMERI is located in Durgapur, West Bengal. It was incorporated in February 1958 to develop indigenously mechanical engineering technology. Prof. Harish Hirani is the director of CMERI as of March 2020.

It is a renowned R&D institute in mechanical engineering, under the supervision and direction of the Council of Scientific and Industrial (CSIR). It is the only national research institute for mechanical engineering, and is committed to serving the industry and further developing mechanical engineering technologies to decrease the dependence of the country on foreign collaboration in the economic and strategic areas. Additionally, it is assisting and encouraging ideas, inventions, and new technologies to build Indian talents in the international market in which Indian products can have a chance to compete.

To become a world-renowned institution that can gain the trust of the industry and public in mechanical engineering sciences and related technologies


Research and develop low-cost and effective methods in mechanical engineering as well as related areas
Contribute to the reprograms the development of skills in the country for sustainable growth

To conduct research and development in the relevant areas of national importance.
Conducting R&D supported by private or public sector companies, in line with national priorities
Make sure that the technology is continuously improved. technology by R&D
Conduct R&D to create new technologies that will benefit the country’s socio-economic, and industrial requirements and attain the goal of self-reliance as a national priority.
Conducting R&D in relevant and alternative technologies, while focusing on the utilization of local resources
To ensure the regular financial and resource flow through the provision of R&D services to support fundamental research at an institutional level
To facilitate the rapid transfer of laboratory-level technology to commercial companies


Complete Details Of Nuclear And Space Research Centers In India

18) Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC):

SDSC, the spaceport of India, is located at Sriharikota in Andhra Pradesh. It is established to provide a launch base for the space programs of India. Besides this, it is also used for the processing of solid propellant, solid motors’ testing, integration and launch operations of launch vehicles, mission control center, and more. The PSLV and GSLV are launched from the two launch pads of SDSC. Formerly, it was known as the Sriharikota Range (SHAR). Later in 2002, it was named SDSC to honor ISRO’s last chairman Satish Dhawan after his demise. Its current director, as of March 2020, is Shri A Rajarajan.

The purpose of SDSC is as the following:

to make solid propellant boosters that are required to launch vehicles of ISRO
Develop and establish the infrastructure required to test subsystems and rocket motors, and perform the tests required
Develop, design, and create launch pads to launch vehicles and satellites.
Additionally, it is equipped with an extra launch pad to facilitate the launches of rockets with sounding engines. It also provides the capability of a launch base infrastructure ISRO’s rockets that sound.

19) Atomic Minerals Directorate for Exploration and Research (AMD):

It is the oldest division of the Department of Atomic Energy (India), Govt. of India. It has seven regional centers and a headquarters in Hyderabad. The main role of this organization is to find out and analyze uranium’s sources or reserves needed for the successful execution of Atomic Energy projects in the country.

It utilizes the most advanced technologies, such as the Time Domain EM system with a magnetometer and gamma-ray spectrometer for geophysical surveys carried out by air, as well as various kinds of field operations, such as geochemical, geo-chemical, and drilling. In addition, the laboratories that are designed to aid field research are outfitted with modern facilities.

The nuclear power program in the country has three phases. Different mineral types are needed in each of the stages. Thus, AMD’s exploration activities are connected to different phases in the cycle of nuclear energy e.g. the Front end: identifying minerals in the atomic range via surveys; the Middle phase choosing the location for nuclear power reactors, and the back end: identifying locations for removal of waste.


20) Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre (VECC):

It is a reputed R&D division of the Department of Atomic Energy under the support of Govt. of India. It is also a constituent institution of Homi Bhabha National Institute. Its headquarters is in Kolkata, West Bengal, India. As of March 2020, Dr. Sumit Som is the director of VECC.

This name derives from the very first variable-energy cyclotron, which was constructed in Kolkata during the 70s. The center is involved in innovative technology and research in the fields that include Accelerator Sciences and Technologies, Material Science, Nuclear Science, Computer Science & Technology, and other related areas. It also offers a predoctoral orientation course lasting one year in physics for students of the Homi Bhabha National Institute (HBNI).


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