Full details about Patna Sahib
Patna Sahib, also known as Takht Sri Patna Sahib, is a renowned Sikh gurdwara located in Patna, the capital city of Bihar, India. It holds great significance for the Sikh community as it is the birthplace of the tenth Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh. The gurdwara stands as a sacred place of worship and pilgrimage for millions of Sikhs worldwide.
Patna Sahib has a rich historical background associated with Guru Gobind Singh and the establishment of the Khalsa Panth, a key event in Sikhism’s history. The original structure of the gurdwara was built by Maharaja Ranjit Singh, the Sikh ruler of the Punjab, in the early 19th century. Over the years, the gurdwara has undergone several renovations and expansions to accommodate the growing number of devotees.
Birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh: Guru Gobind Singh was born on December 22, 1666, at Patna Sahib. He is revered as one of the most influential Sikh gurus who played a crucial role in shaping Sikh history, philosophy, and tradition.
Founding of the Khalsa Panth: Guru Gobind Singh established the Khalsa Panth, the community of initiated Sikhs, at Anandpur Sahib. However, it was in Patna Sahib where he anointed the Panj Pyare (Five Beloved Ones) and initiated them into the Khalsa order. This event marked a significant turning point in Sikhism and continues to be celebrated during the festival of Vaisakhi.
The Gurdwara complex of Patna Sahib is an architectural masterpiece that reflects the grandeur of Sikh architecture. The main entrance to the gurdwara is adorned with beautiful arches and intricate designs. The central sanctum, known as the Harmandir Sahib, is the main prayer hall where the Guru Granth Sahib (the Sikh holy scripture) is placed and worshipped. The gurdwara also features a large courtyard, called the Sarovar, which surrounds a holy water tank where devotees take part in the ritual of taking a dip.
Inside the gurdwara, one can find various halls and rooms dedicated to different purposes, such as langar (community kitchen), where free meals are served to visitors irrespective of their caste, creed, or social status. The complex also houses a museum that showcases historical artifacts, manuscripts, and paintings related to Sikhism’s history and Guru Gobind Singh’s.
Festivals and Celebrations:
Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti: The birth anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh, known as Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti, is celebrated with great enthusiasm and devotion at Patna Sahib. Devotees from all over the world gather at the gurdwara to participate in the festivities, which include religious processions, kirtan (devotional singing), and special prayers.
Vaisakhi: The festival of Vaisakhi holds immense significance in Sikhism as it marks the establishment of the Khalsa Panth by Guru Gobind Singh. At Patna Sahib, this festival is celebrated with religious fervor and includes Nagar Kirtan (religious processions), kirtan darbars (devotional singing), and community meals.
Gurpurabs: The gurdwara commemorates the birth and death anniversaries of the Sikh Gurus, known as Gurpurabs, with great reverence. These occasions are marked by special prayers, kirtan, and langar seva (serving food to the devotees).
Full details about Patna Sahib
Pilgrimage and Visitors:
Patna Sahib attracts a large number of Sikh pilgrims from all over the world who come to seek blessings and pay homage to Guru Gobind Singh. The Gurdwara is known for its warm hospitality and the provision of free accommodation and meals to the pilgrims. It serves as a center for spiritual enlightenment and a place to learn about Sikh history and principles.
Best Time To Visit :
Patna Sahib is during the winter months, from November to February. The weather during this period is pleasant and comfortable, with temperatures ranging from 10°C to 25°C (50°F to 77°F). The cool and dry climate makes it ideal for exploring the gurdwara complex and engaging in religious activities without extreme heat or humidity.
Additionally, winter coincides with several important Sikh festivals and Gurpurabs, such as Guru Nanak Jayanti and Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti. These celebrations attract a significant number of devotees, creating a vibrant and festive atmosphere at Patna Sahib.
It’s worth noting that Patna Sahib can be visited throughout the year, but the summer months (April to June) can be hot and humid, with temperatures soaring above 40°C (104°F). Monsoon season (July to September) brings heavy rainfall, which may affect travel plans. Therefore, to have a comfortable and spiritually enriching experience, visiting during the winter season is highly recommended.
Near By Attractions :
Patna Sahib is located in the city of Patna, Bihar, which offers several nearby attractions that visitors can explore.
Here are some notable attractions located near Patna Sahib:
Golghar: Golghar is a historical granary located near the banks of the Ganges River. It was built by the British in the late 18th century and offers a panoramic view of the city from its top. Visitors can climb to the viewing platform and enjoy the breathtaking views of Patna.
Gandhi Ghat: Gandhi Ghat is a memorial dedicated to Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation in India. It is situated on the banks of the Ganges River and serves as a peaceful place for reflection and homage. Visitors can take a boat ride along the river and witness the evening aarti (prayer ceremony) at the ghat.
Patna Museum: The Patna Museum is a treasure trove of artifacts and artworks showcasing the rich history and culture of Bihar. It houses an impressive collection of archaeological finds, ancient sculptures, paintings, and artifacts from different periods, including the Maurya and Gupta empires.
Nalanda: Located approximately 90 kilometers from Patna, Nalanda is an ancient UNESCO World Heritage Site that was once a renowned center of learning in ancient India. Visitors can explore the ruins of the ancient Nalanda University, visit the Nalanda Archaeological Museum, and immerse themselves in the rich history of this legendary site.
Pawapuri: Pawapuri is a sacred Jain pilgrimage site located about 90 kilometers from Patna. It is the place where Lord Mahavira, the 24th Tirthankara of Jainism, attained Nirvana (enlightenment) and was cremated. The Jal Mandir, a temple situated in the middle of a lotus pond, is the main attraction in Pawapuri.
Bihar Sharif: Bihar Sharif, located around 70 kilometers from Patna, is an important religious and historical destination. It is home to the impressive Badi Dargah, the mausoleum of Sufi saint Sheikh Sharafuddin Yahya Maneri. The city also houses numerous ancient mosques and tombs.
These nearby attractions provide visitors with an opportunity to explore the cultural, historical, and religious aspects of Bihar while visiting Patna Sahib.
How to reach Patna Sahib :
Patna Sahib, the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh and a significant Sikh pilgrimage site, is well-connected by various modes of transportation.
Here’s a guide on how to reach Patna Sahib:
By Air: The nearest airport to Patna Sahib is Jay Prakash Narayan International Airport in Patna. It is well connected to major cities in India, including Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, and Bangalore. From the airport, one can hire a taxi or take a pre-paid taxi service to reach Patna Sahib, which is approximately 10 kilometers away.
By Train: Patna Junction is the main railway station in Patna and is well-connected to major cities across India. Several express and superfast trains operate to and from Patna Junction. From the railway station, one can hire a taxi, auto-rickshaw, or take a local bus to reach Patna Sahib, located around 8 kilometers away.
By Road: Patna is well-connected to various cities and towns in Bihar and neighboring states through a network of national and state highways. The city can be reached by private cars, taxis, or buses. Several state-run and private buses operate regular services to Patna from cities like Kolkata, Varanasi, Ranchi, and Lucknow. Once in Patna, one can hire a taxi, auto-rickshaw, or take a local bus to reach Patna Sahib.
Local Transportation: Within Patna, local transportation options such as auto-rickshaws, cycle-rickshaws, and taxis are readily available. These can be used to reach Patna Sahib or explore other nearby attractions.
It is advisable to check the train or flight schedules in advance and book tickets accordingly. Also, it is recommended to plan the visit during favorable weather conditions to ensure a comfortable and enjoyable journey to Patna Sahib.
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