Complete Details About National Anthem of India
The National Anthem is defined as a patriotic composition of a nation, that is a reminder and celebration of the traditions, history, and struggle of the citizens. However, it must be acknowledged as the official national song whether by the national government or through convention, and usage by the populace. The national song of India is ‘Jana Gana-Mana’ composed in Bengali and written by Rabindranath Tagore. This song became the national anthem for India with its Hindi version through the Constituent Assembly, on 24th January 1950.
“Jana-Gana-mana” was first sung on the 27th of December, 1911 the day before India became independent, during the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress. The entire song is composed of five stanzas. For the duration of the entire rendition of the National Anthem, it is around 52 seconds. A shorter version, comprised of the first and final phrases of the song (playing around 20 seconds) can also be heard at certain times.
National Anthem In Hindi
Jana-gana-mana-adhinayaka, jaya he
Tava shubha name jage,
Tava shubha asisa mage,
Gahe tava jaya gatha gatha
Jana-gana-mangala-dayaka jaya he
Jaya he, jaya he, jaya he,
Jaya jaya jaya, jaya he!
Translation In English
Thee is the supreme ruler of your mind, and that of the entire the people.
Dispenser of the destiny of India.
The name stirs people’s hearts in Punjab, Sind, Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravid and Orissa and Bengal;
It resonates through the hills of Vindhyas as well as the Himalayas,
Mingles to the beats of Yamuna and Ganga
The song is also sung by the sea waves in the Indian Sea.
They pray for the blessings of God and sing your praise.
The future of every person is in the hands of thy servant,
Thou is the one who determines India’s destiny.
Victory and victory. Victory to you.
The Story Behind Translation
Jana Gana Mana was translated in Sanskrit to English by Rabindranath Tagore. The music in the English Translation was set in Madanapalle which is a small town located in Andhra Pradesh. In the context of the translation In 1918, Tagore was invited by the controversial Irish writer James H. Cousins, to stay for a few days at The Besant Theosophical College (BTC). James was the college’s principal at the time.
In February, at an event of students from BTC, Rabindranath sang the Jana Gana Mana in Bengali. He was struck by the thought of transcribing the song into English. In the next few days at Madanapalle, Tagore wrote down the English lyrics of his song. Cousins’ wife, Margaret, who was an expert in Western music, composed the tune for this English version. The original English version is displayed inside the Library at Besant Theosophical College in Madanapalle.
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