Complete Details About National Animal of India

Complete Details About National Animal of India


Panthera Tigera (Linnaeus) also known as the Tiger has been renowned for a long time for his majestic grace power, strength, and agility as well as his immense power and grandeur. India has more than half of the tigers in the world. In addition, there are eight indigenous species of Tigers found in India. Particularly, those of the Royal Bengal Tiger can be found in all the regions of India as well as its neighboring countries including Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh except those in the northwestern Indian region. Due to the decreasing number of tigers that have one of the highest places in the food chain game of game hunting was rescinded in 1973 by government officials of the Indian government. Then, in April of 1973, ‘Project Tiger’ was initiated to safeguard the tigers, which are the National Animal of India.

The tiger is a symbol of strength, agility speed, speed, shrewdness, and the ability to think. At present 23 reserves of tigers have been set up within the country. This feline that eats Asia is massive and maneless. The yellow fur, and black transverse stripes as well as the white belly are stunning. It is now an emblem of conservation efforts in India to protect its rich wildlife heritage. The endangered white tigers can be also present in India and in particular those in the Gir woodlands of Gujarat. Tigers from Sunderbans as well as those of the Himalayan regions are bigger than those found in Madhya Pradesh and South India and are also growing within the forests of evergreen. The majority of tigers live a life span of 20 years, and they can be amphibious and live long life. They hunt nearly all animals in the forest, including the powerful elephants.





Tiger is scientifically referred to in the field of science as Panthera tigris. It is part of the Felidae family and is the largest of the four “big cats in the Panthera Genus. On this basis, the average tiger measures approximately 13 feet long and weighs around 150 kilograms. The dark vertical stripes cover close-to-white fur to reddish-orange color the most distinct sign of the Tiger. In nature, the leopard is a ferocious prey animal and carnivore. The Panthera Tiger is a resident of both southern and eastern Asia. The Tiger is known as the Lord of the Jungles for its agility, grace as well as its endurance, and power, Tiger is also the most popular animal in India.


Choice of Tiger as National Animal


The Tiger was selected for the position of National species of India because of its strength, grace in agility, and strength. Since the tiger is believed to be the King of the Jungle so it was a natural option to be in the National Animal category. Since the beginning of time, the tiger has been considered to be an important Royal Animal. In many cases, the Tiger is The Indian National Animal of India that symbolizes force, strength, and beauty in its alertness, intelligence, and resilience of the nation.


Complete Details About National Animal of India


Declining Population of Tiger


There has been a dramatic decline in the number of tigers across the globe. Because of the illegal trafficking of Tiger Skin and other body parts, there are only a few tigers around the globe currently. Based on the World Census of Tigers, there are between 5000 and 7000 tigers around the globe currently. Of these, Bangladesh, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Myanmar claim to have populations of between 3000 and 4500. India alone has an average of 2500-3750. In India among the eight race groups that belong to the Panthera Tigris species, the Royal Bengal Tiger is located throughout the country, except in the northern region.


Project Tiger in India


Due to the imminent danger of the tiger species in the country, The Indian Government began Project Tiger in 1973. The project was designed on preserving the remaining populations of tigers in the country as well as increase the breed of the species so that a new population could be in addition to the current one. In this project, 23 reserves for tigers were created across the country which covers an expanse of 33,406 square. km to provide an environment that is safe and comfortable for the tigers in their natural habitat. By 1993, there had been a growth in the number of tigers across the country. However, despite the rise in the population, the amount of tigers living in the country is not enough when compared to the efforts and investment into the project. This is due to the illegal poaching of tigers, as well as the inattention of the authorities regarding the alarming state of the population of tigers within the country.


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