National Awards in India Information
The name implies that the national prizes of India are given to people by the Govt. of India to individuals for their extraordinary service or achievements in various fields regardless of their age, race or profession, or other factors. The awards are split into various categories, which comprise Civilian Awards, Gallantry awards as well as Literature awards, Sports awards award, and Peace and Leadership Awards.
National Sports Awards in India
Literary Awards in India
National Awards in India Information
1. Civilian Awards:
These awards are further split into four categories:
i) Bharat Ratna:
It is the most highly coveted civil award that is in India is awarded in the fields of literature, art sciences, and public services, for exceptional performance or service in the top-notch. Since December 2011 from then onwards, the award made available in any human endeavor. This meant that the sports category was added to the list. This is how Sachin Tendulkar was able to participate in the Bharat Ratna award, becoming the youngest receiver and the first sportsperson to be awarded this prize.
There isn’t a formal process to choose people to be nominated for this prize. It is only the Premier of India who is the one with the power to recommend and nominate the names of individuals in the name of the President of India. But only three names are eligible to receive this honor by the President and without any discrimination due to race, status or profession, etc.
The award was announced on the 2nd of January, 1954 in the presence of Rajendra Prasad, the then premier of India. At first, only living individuals were eligible in the race for the award. Then, it began being presented posthumously and was named Shri. Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first to receive Bharat Ratna upon his death (posthumously).
The Design Of Bharat Ratna:
It looks like a people’s leaf, which is made of toned bronze. It measures 5.8 cm in length, 4.7 cm in breadth, and has a thickness of 3.3 mm. The front side of this medal displays the words “Bharat Ratna” which are written in the Devanagari (Hindi) language, and it is also embossed with an image of the sun that measures 1.6 cm in diameter. On its opposite side, you can see the state emblem and motto. The rim, sun, and emblem of India are made up of platinum. The medal is worn around the neck while it is awarded to a recipient, so a two-inch ribbon is attached to the medal.
The first recipients to be awarded Bharat Ratna include C. Rajagopalachari (a politician), Chandrasekhar Venkata Raman (a scientist), and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (a philosopher).
I) Padma Vibhushan:
It is the second-highest civilian prize in India that was established on the 2nd of January, 1954. It is awarded to individuals who have demonstrated extraordinary performances or services in the field of science, arts, and public service, which includes the services provided by employees in the public sector.
The design from Padma Vibhushan:
This circular-shaped award is made of bronze. Its diameter is 4.4 cm, with a thickness of 0.6 mm. The medal has a geometric pattern. The word Padma is printed on its front side in devnagri script (Hindi) on the upper portion, and the word “Vibhushan” is marked on the lower portion on the front side. There is a lotus flower between these two words in the center. On its reverse side, you can see the national emblem on which “Satya Meva Jayate” has been imprinted. The inscriptions, geometric patterns, and boundaries are made up of bronze, whereas the rest of the embossing is made up of white gold. A dark purple colored ribbon is attached to the award as it is also worn around the neck.
Iii) Padma Bhushan:
Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award given by the Indian Govt. for outstanding service in any area.
The Design and style Padma Bhushan:
It is also a circular-shaped award that is made of bronze. A lotus flower with the word “Padma Bhusan” has been imprinted on its front side in the Hindi language. Whereas, on the backside, the national emblem and the words “Satya Meva Jayate” have been imprinted. It is provided with a white-striped purple ribbon. Besides this, burnished bronze is used in the making of words, geometric patterns, and the border, while the rest of the medal is made of yellow gold.
iv) Padma Shri:
Not to be left out it is the fourth-highest civilian honor bestowed by the government for outstanding services or achievements that is of the highest standard in any area.
The Design Of Padma Shri:
In this medal, the geometric pattern is given on both sides of the medal, which makes it different from the other Padma medals. On its front side, one can see the words “Padma Shri” and a lotus flower carved on it. However, on its reverse side, the national emblem has been carved out. As it is worn around the neck, a white-grey striped purple colored ribbon is attached to it.
National Awards in India Information
2) Gallantry Awards:
The prizes in this category are awarded to Indian soldiers. They are awarded to Indian soldiers in recognition of their outstanding bravery, dignity, and sacrifice. In the beginning, there were only three awards for gallantry: Param Vir Chakra, Maha Vir Chakra, and Vir Chakra which were announced 1950 by the Government on the 26th of January 1950. Then it was announced that the Govt. of India introduced several additional awards for gallantry on 4 January 1952. These awards comprise Ashoka Chakra Class I Ashoka Chakra Class II Ashoka Chakra III, However, in January 1967 these awards were renamed as the Ashoka Chakra as well as the Kirti Chakra as well as the Shaurya Chakra.
The Gallantry Awards are divided into two categories: War Time Gallantry Awards and Peace Time Gallantry Awards.
War-Time Gallantry Awards:
These awards are given to Indian soldiers. Indian soldiers display incredible courage and courage during combat against their enemies. These awards could be one of the following categories:
I) Param Vir Chakra:
The award is one of the best famous medals of war-time gallantry awarded to a soldier for showing extraordinary fighting abilities, as well as determination in battle. The award was first introduced on the 26 of January 1950. The phrase “Param Vi Chakra” translates to “Wheel of the Bravest of All.”
Style from Param Vir Chakra:
Savitri Bai Khanolankar has designed the Param Vir Chakra. It is made of bronze and is in the form of a circle with a diameter of 1.4 inches. The award suspends from a bar. On the front side, it carries four replicas of Indra’s Vajra, which encloses the national emblem. On the backside, it has the words “PARAM VIR CHAKRA” embossed in Hindi and English languages. Between the Hindi and English words, one can see a lotus flower on each side. Major Somnath Sharma was the first army personnel to receive the Param Vir Chakra in 1947. He received this award posthumously (after death) for his act of bravery in the Kashmir battle in November 1947.
ii) Maha Vir Chakra:
The award is only the 2nd highest-valued wartime gallantry medal. It is presented to Indian officers and soldiers for their enthusiasm and acts of bravery in fighting or battling the enemy during the conflict, whether on land, in the sea, or the air.
Style of Maha Chakra: Maha Chakra:
The award is made from standard silver and is circular with a diameter of 1.4 inches. On the front side, a five-pointed heraldic star is imprinted, and the state emblem with the motto is embossed on the domed central piece. On its opposite side, “MAHA VIR CHAKRA” is written in two different languages (Hindi and English). The words in Hindi are separated from the words in English by lotus flowers. The medal is provided with a ribbon, which is half-white and half-orange.
Iii) Vir Chakra:
It is the third-highest wartime gallantry award given to army officers and soldiers to honor courage when combating the enemy on the ocean, land, or air.
Style Of Vir Chakra:
Like other gallantry awards, it also has a circular shape with a diameter of 1.4 inches. It is made of standard silver and has two sides like other awards; on the front side, you can see a five-pointed heraldic star and the state emblem along with a motto at the center, whereas, on the reverse side, there are two words “VIR CHAKRA” written in Hindi and English and separated by a flower on each side. The medal comes with a ribbon, which is blue and half-orange in color.
Awarded Peacetime Gallantry:
The name implies the category of awards for gallantry given to Indian soldiers for their brave actions or self-sacrificing during the non-war period or off the battlefield. These awards fall into the following kinds:
I) Ashoka Chakra:
The most highly coveted peacetime gallantry prize is presented to soldiers or officers of the army for their extraordinary courage, valor, and self-sacrifice on the battlefield. A civilian may be worthy of this award because of their selfless self-sacrifice and selfless service to the country.
The design from Ashoka Chakra
The design of the Ashoka Chakra is very appealing. It is made in the form of a circle whose diameter is 1.4 inches. On the front side, it has a replica of Ashoka Chakra encircled by a lotus garland. On the rear side, the words “Ashoka Chakra” are imprinted in English, and Hindi language and a lotus flower are imprinted between them on each side.
The medal is made of riband, which is dark green in size 3.2 cm. A vertical orange line divides the riband into two equal sections. It is displayed on the left chest with the other medals if they exist. The first soldier to be awarded this distinction is in the Indian air force, FLT. Lieutenant. Suhas Biswas in 1952.
ii) Kirti Chakra:
It is the second highest peacetime gallantry prize given to an Army personnel for an extraordinary feat of courage, bravery, and self-sacrificing. Civilians are also eligible in this category.
Style from Kirti Chakra
Its shape is like a circle whose diameter is 1.38 inches. It is made of silver and has rims on both sides. A copy of Ashoka Chakra enclosed by a lotus wreath is present in the center of the front side of this award. On the backside, it is imprinted with the words “Kirti Chakra” in English and Hindi. The words are separated by a lotus flower on each side. The medal is provided with a green riband that measures 3.2 cm in width. Two orange vertical lines divide the riband into three equal parts. Like other medals, it is also worn on the left side of the body.
iii) Shaurya Chakra:
This is the third highest-valued peacetime gallantry prize that could be given to an individual soldier and also to civilians for acts of self-sacrifice, bravery, or selfless sacrifice in peacetime, or when away from the battlefield.
Style of Shaurya Chakra
It is also circular with a diameter of 1.4 cm. It is made of bronze with a front side similar to Ashoka Chakra and a backside imprinted with “Shaurya Chakra” in Hindi and English and separated by lotus flowers. It is worn on the left side of the chest as it is provided with a 3.2 cm wide rib that is divided into four equal parts by three orange vertical lines.
National Awards in India Information
3) National Sports Awards in India:
As the name implies the awards are given to athletes for their exceptional performance and outstanding sportsmanship. These awards are of a national level and are handed out by the Indian Government. every year. The most well-known annual awards in national sports are in the following manner:
i) Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award:
It is the most prestigious national sports award that a sportsperson can get from the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports in India. This award is named after the late Prime Minister of India, Sh. Rajiv Gandhi to honor him. It was introduced in 1991 to appreciate and boost the morale of the sportspersons in India. The recipient of this award gets a cash prize, a medal, and a certificate.
The renowned chess player Vishwanathan Anand was the first athlete to be awarded the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award for his achievements and performance in chess between 1992 and 1993. The first female athlete to win this honor is Karnam Malleswari for weightlifting. In addition, Sachin Tendulkar received this award in 1998 for Cricket along with the cricketers who be honored with this award including M.S. Dhoni in 2008, and Viral Kohli in 2018.
ii) Arjuna Award:
Arjuna Award was introduced in the year 1961, which makes it the oldest national sports award in India. It is conferred by the Ministry of Youth Affairs to sportspersons who have consistently given outstanding performances for at least four years in a row in national and international games.
The award was named for Arjuna who was a well-known archer in the epic tale of Mahabharata. The winner receives the bronze representation of Arjuna and a certificate with a cash award. There were six of the first winners of this Arjuna prize in the year 1961, including Saleem Durrani in Cricket, Sarabjeet Singh from Basketball Manuel Aaron in Chess, Gurucharan Singh Randhawa in Athletics, Nandu Natekar in Badminton as well as LB D’souza in boxing.
iii) Dronacharya Award:
This award is not for the players. It is for the coaches who train and prepare and guide the players to achieve big in sports. Dronacharya Award was introduced in 1985 by the Indian Govt. It is named after “Dronacharya,” who was the teacher of Pandavas in Mahabharata. It is awarded to coaches for their efforts, training, and guidance in producing medal winners for the country in national and international level sports events such as the Olympics, commonwealth games, etc.
The winner is presented with an image of Dronacharya and is made from bronze along with a scroll, an official dress, and a cash prize. The first winners of the Dronocharya award in 1985 are Bhalachandra Bhaskar Bhagwat (a wrestler trainer); O.M. Nambiar (an athletic trainer), and Om Prakash Bhardwaj (Boxing coach). Additionally, the first foreign coach in India who was awarded the Dronacharya award is B.I. Fernandez.
IV) Dhyan Chand Award:
It is the most prestigious sporting award that is conferred annually by the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports for lifetime achievement. In 2002 the award was named after Dhyan Chand, a hockey legend of India who scored more than 1000 goals in his hockey career of 20 years. This prize comprises a shield, a certificate, and a cash prize. The first recipient of the Dhyan Chand Award is Aparna Ghosh in the field of Basketball. The awardee for this award is selected after considering their contribution to sports during their sports career and after their retirement.
National Awards in India Information
4) Literary Awards in India:
Literary Awards, as the title suggests, are awarded in recognition of Indian writers to acknowledge and acknowledge their outstanding work of writing and their contributions to the advancement of the literary culture in India. It’s a fantastic way to promote literacy and highlight the achievements of writers within the field of literature. The work of literature must be published in an official language spoken in India which includes English. There are numerous literary prizes in India that include the following:
I) Jnanpith Award:
It is the most renowned literary award in India. It is also known as Gyanpeeth Award. It was introduced in 1961 and was awarded by the Gyanpeeth Trust to Indian writers for their outstanding work and contribution to literature in any of the recognized languages of India. The awardee gets a bronze-made statue of Goddess Saraswati along with a cash prize. The first writer to receive the Jnanpith Award is Sankara Kurup for his Malayalam poem collection “Otakuzhai” in 1965. The award is not presented for a single piece of writing; the nominees are selected based on their lifetime achievements.
ii) Sahitya Akademi Fellowship:
It is the second most renowned literary award in India for Indian writers for their immortal literature work in any officially recognized language of India. It was introduced in 1968 and is conferred by the National Academy of Letters of Govt. of India, the Sahitya Akademi. In this award, the Akademi elects the awardee as its fellow. The first recipient of the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship was Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, a statesman, and philosopher.
iii) Sahitya Akademi Award:
This is the third well-known literary prize in India in the area of literature. It is also presented by the Sahitya Akademi instituted in 1954 to acknowledge and reward authors for their works that are literary regardless of officially acknowledged languages in India. The recipient receives a prize box with the copper plaque as well as the shawl as well as an award of cash. Makhanlal Chaturvedi was the first winner of the Sahitya Akademi Award for his book “Him Tarangini” in 1955.
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