Jagannath Temple In Puri 

Jagannath Temple In Puri 


The Jagannath Temple, located in Puri, Odisha, India, is one of the most famous and sacred Hindu temples in the country. It is dedicated to Lord Jagannath, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu, and is an important pilgrimage site for Hindus. The temple is renowned for its rich history, architectural grandeur, religious significance, and annual Rath Yatra festival.

The full details of the Jagannath Temple in Puri:-


The temple is situated in the city of Puri, on the eastern coast of the Bay of Bengal in the state of Odisha, India. It occupies a vast area in the heart of Puri, near the coastline. The temple complex covers around 400,000 square feet and is enclosed by a fortified wall.


The history of the Jagannath Temple dates back to the 12th century. It is believed that the temple was constructed by King Anantavarman Chodaganga Deva of the Eastern Ganga dynasty. Over the centuries, the temple has undergone renovations and expansions under different rulers and devotees. The temple has witnessed significant historical events, including invasions, renovations by different kings, and the preservation of its cultural and religious heritage. It has stood as a symbol of devotion and spirituality, attracting pilgrims from all over India and beyond. The rich history of the Jagannath Temple showcases the religious and cultural significance it holds in Hinduism and its importance as a revered pilgrimage site.


The architecture of the Jagannath Temple in Puri showcases the Kalinga style, which is characteristic of Odisha. The main temple structure is constructed using sandstone and consists of four key components: the Vimana (main sanctum), Jagamohana (assembly hall), Natamandira (festival hall), and Bhoga-mandapa (offering hall). The temple towers, known as shikhara, are adorned with intricate carvings depicting various mythological scenes, deities, and motifs. The exterior walls of the temple feature elaborate sculptures and bas-reliefs showcasing the artistic prowess of the craftsmen of that era. The architectural style exhibits a harmonious blend of Orissan, Dravidian, and Nagara architectural elements. The temple complex also includes additional structures like the kitchen, administrative buildings, and bathing tanks. The architectural grandeur of the Jagannath Temple is a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the artisans of ancient times and continues to awe visitors with its magnificence.


The Jagannath Temple is dedicated to three primary deities: Lord Jagannath (Krishna), his sister Goddess Subhadra, and his elder brother Lord Balabhadra. The deities are worshipped in the temple as wooden idols. Lord Jagannath is depicted with a dark complexion and is revered as the Lord of the Universe. Lord Balabhadra, with his fair complexion, represents strength and power. Goddess Subhadra, the sister of Lord Jagannath, symbolizes divine love and compassion. The idols of the deities are replaced in a sacred ritual called Naba Kalebara, which occurs every twelve to nineteen years. During this ceremony, new idols are carved out of specially chosen neem trees. The old idols are buried in the temple complex, and the new ones are consecrated and worshipped with great devotion. The deities of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Goddess Subhadra are considered to be living entities, and their worship follows a strict daily routine of rituals and offerings. Thousands of devotees visit the temple to seek blessings from these divine manifestations and to experience their spiritual presence. The deities of the Jagannath Temple hold immense significance and are revered as the divine presence of Lord Krishna and his divine companions.

Rituals and Worship:

The Jagannath Temple follows a strict daily routine of rituals and worship ceremonies. The appointed priests perform various rituals, such as Mangala Aarti (morning prayer), Sahanamela (offering of food), Sandhya Dhupa (evening food offering), and Shayanaseva (putting the deities to bed). Elaborate outfits and jewelry are adorned on the deities during these rituals, and devotees offer prayers and seek blessings during darshan (sacred viewing). The temple administration ensures that these rituals are conducted with utmost devotion and adherence to tradition, creating a spiritually enriching atmosphere for the devotees.

Temple Times:

The Jagannath Temple in Puri follows specific timings for devotees to visit and seek the darshan (sight) of the deities. The temple opens early in the morning and remains open throughout the day with specific breaks for rituals. Generally, the darshan timings are from 5:00 AM to 9:00 PM. However, it is important to note that the timings may vary on festival days and special occasions.

Morning Aarti (Mangala Aarti):

The Mangala Aarti is the very first ceremony that takes place at the Jagannath Temple, marking the beginning of the day’s worship. It is held at 5:00 am when the temple opens. Devotees gather to offer their prayers and witness the divine sight of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Goddess Subhadra. The Aarti involves the waving of lamps, singing of devotional hymns, and the heartfelt devotion of the priests and devotees. It sets a spiritual tone for the day and invokes blessings for the well-being and prosperity of all.


Beshalagi, also known as “besha” or “attire change,” is a significant ritual where the deities’ clothing is changed multiple times throughout the day. At around 8:00 am, the deities are adorned in exquisite attire and adorned with ornate gold jewelry, particularly on special occasions and festivals. The changing of clothes symbolizes the celebration of divine splendor and beauty. However, it is important to note that the reference to it being a “horror story” seems to be a misunderstanding or misinformation, as the Beshalagi ritual is a sacred and joyful occasion in the context of the temple the worship.

Sakala Dhupa:

Sakala Dhupa is a significant ritual that takes place around 10:00 am at the Jagannath Temple. During this time, morning pujas (devotional ceremonies) are conducted with utmost devotion. As part of the offering, a variety of delectable sweets and delicacies are prepared in large quantities as Bhoga (offering) to be presented to the divine deities. This act of offering food to the Lord is a symbol of love, gratitude, and seeking blessings. Devotees participate in the ritual and witness the grandeur of the Bhoga being presented to Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Goddess Subhadra with deep reverence and devotion.

Mailam and Bhoga Mandapam:

Mailam and Bhoga Mandapam are two significant rituals that follow the morning worship at the Jagannath Temple. After the morning worship, the attire of the deities is changed, which is known as “Mailam.” This ritual involves dressing the divine idols in fresh and beautiful garments. Following the Mailam, the priests perform poojas (devotional ceremonies) at the Bhoga Mandapam. During this ritual, a generous quantity of Bhoga, which includes specially prepared food items, is offered to the deities. The blessed food, known as Prasadam, is then served to devotees, symbolizing the divine blessings and grace of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Goddess Subhadra. The Bhoga Mandapam ritual holds immense significance in the temple’s tradition and serves as an opportunity for devotees to partake in the divine Prasadam.

Madhyanha Dhupa:

Madhyanha Dhupa is a significant ritual conducted at the Jagannath Temple, typically performed from 11:00 AM until 1:00 PM. During this time, elaborate pujas (worship ceremonies) take place, accompanied by the burning of incense. The fragrance of incense permeates the temple, creating a serene and spiritually uplifting atmosphere. The priests follow a set of rituals and offer prayers to Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Goddess Subhadra, seeking their divine blessings. The Madhyanha Dhupa serves as a sacred midday offering to the deities and provides devotees with an opportunity to participate in worship and experience a sense of spiritual connection.

Sandhya Dhoop:

Sandhya Dhoop is an important evening ritual conducted at the Jagannath Temple. From 7:00 PM to 8:00 PM, the priests perform pujas (worship ceremonies) once again. The temple atmosphere is filled with devotional chants and hymns as devotees gather to witness this sacred event. During Sandhya Dhoop, offerings are made to Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Goddess Subhadra. Additionally, preparations for the blog (offering of food) are made during this time. The bhog includes a variety of delicacies and is prepared with utmost devotion and purity. Sandhya Dhoop allows devotees to immerse themselves in the divine ambiance of the temple, offering their prayers and experiencing the spiritual bliss that accompanies the evening worship.

Mylam and Chandana Lagi:

Mylam and Chandana Lagi are important rituals that take place after the evening service at the Jagannath Temple. After the completion of the evening worship, the deities are anointed with a sacred paste made of sandalwood, known as Chandana Lagi. This ritual involves applying sandalwood paste on the divine idols as a mark of purity and devotion. Devotees have the opportunity to participate in this ritual by offering a small fee of Rs. 10, which contributes to the temple’s maintenance and rituals. The act of anointing the deities with sandalwood is believed to bestow blessings and bring spiritual tranquility. It is a cherished moment for devotees to witness and be a part of this sacred offering.

Badashringara Bhoga:

Badashringara Bhoga is the final offering of the day at the Jagannath Temple. It is a significant ritual where a sumptuous Bhoga (food offering) is presented to Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Goddess Subhadra. The Badashringara Bhoga marks the culmination of the day’s worship and devotion. The Bhoga includes a variety of delectable dishes prepared with great care and devotion by the temple priests. Along with the offering of food, pujas (worship ceremonies) are conducted, expressing deep reverence and seeking the blessings of the divine deities. The Badashringara Bhoga ritual is a sacred conclusion to the day’s activities, signifying the fulfillment of offerings and the divine presence of Lord Jagannath in the temple.

Rath Yatra:

The Rath Yatra, also known as the Chariot Festival, is a grand annual event celebrated at the Jagannath Temple in Puri. During this festival, the deities of Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhadra, and Goddess Subhadra are placed on elaborately decorated chariots and pulled through the streets of Puri by thousands of devotees. The chariots are known as Nandighosa (Jagannath’s chariot), Taladhwaja (Balabhadra’s chariot), and Darpadalana (Subhadra’s chariot). The Rath Yatra attracts millions of pilgrims from all over the world who participate in the procession, singing devotional songs, and seeking blessings from the deities. It is a vibrant and joyous celebration of devotion and devotion to Lord Jagannath.

Temple Kitchen:

The Jagannath Temple in Puri is renowned for its temple kitchen, known as the Anand Bazaar or Mahaprasad. It is one of the largest kitchens in the world and prepares food for thousands of devotees every day. The Mahaprasad, considered sacred, includes a variety of vegetarian dishes and is believed to be a divine offering. The kitchen follows strict hygiene and quality standards, and the food is prepared with utmost devotion. Devotees eagerly partake in the Mahaprasad, as it is believed to grant spiritual blessings. The temple kitchen is a testament to the temple’s commitment to providing nourishment and spiritual sustenance to its devotees.

Temple Administration:

The Jagannath Temple in Puri is administered by the Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA). The SJTA is a body established by the Government of Odisha to oversee the management and maintenance of the temple. It is responsible for the smooth functioning of the temple, preservation of its heritage, and welfare of the priests and temple staff. The SJTA ensures the implementation of rules and regulations, handles financial matters, and coordinates various activities, including festivals and rituals. The administration plays a crucial role in preserving the sanctity and cultural significance of the Jagannath Temple.



Jagannath Temple In Puri 


Jagannath Temple In Puri


Festivals and Celebrations:

The Jagannath Temple in Puri is known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations. The most prominent among them is the Rath Yatra, or Chariot Festival, where the deities are pulled on chariots through the streets of Puri. Other important festivals include Snana Yatra (bathing festival), Chandan Yatra (sandalwood festival), Navaratri (nine nights of worship), and Kartik Purnima (full moon day in the month of Kartik). These festivals attract a large number of devotees who participate in rituals, processions, and cultural events, and seek blessings from the divine deities. The festive atmosphere and devotion make these celebrations truly memorable.

Pilgrimage and Significance:

The Jagannath Temple in Puri holds immense significance as a pilgrimage site for Hindus. It is considered one of the Char Dham pilgrimage destinations along with Badrinath, Rameshwaram, and Dwarka. Devotees believe that a visit to the temple and the darshan (sight) of the deities can bring spiritual blessings, fulfillment of desires, and liberation from the cycle of birth and death. The temple is revered as the abode of Lord Jagannath, symbolizing divine love and devotion. Pilgrims from all over India and beyond undertake the journey to Puri to seek divine blessings and experience the spiritual aura of the temple.

Nearby Attractions :

Puri, the location of the Jagannath Temple, offers several nearby attractions for visitors to explore. Some of the notable ones include:

Puri Beach: Situated along the Bay of Bengal, Puri Beach is a popular spot for leisurely walks, relaxing by the shore, and enjoying beautiful sunrises and sunsets.

Chilika Lake: Located about 50 kilometers from Puri, Chilika Lake is the largest brackish water lagoon in Asia. It is a paradise for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts, with a rich biodiversity and scenic beauty.

Konark Sun Temple: Approximately 35 kilometers from Puri, the Konark Sun Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Known for its architectural splendor and intricate carvings, it is dedicated to the sun god Surya.

Raghurajpur Heritage Crafts Village: Situated about 15 kilometers from Puri, Raghurajpur is a traditional village renowned for its Pattachitra paintings, palm leaf engravings, and handicrafts. Visitors can witness the artistic skills of local artisans.

Gundicha Temple: Located near the Jagannath Temple, Gundicha Temple is an important shrine associated with the Rath Yatra. It is believed to be the temporary abode of Lord Jagannath during the festival.

Pipili: Situated on the way to Puri, Pipili is famous for its intricate appliqué work, which includes colorful fabric designs used in canopies, umbrellas, and other decorative items.

These attractions offer a diverse range of experiences, from spirituality and history to natural beauty and traditional arts and crafts, enhancing the overall visit to Puri.

How To Reach Jagannath Temple :

The Jagannath Temple in Puri is well-connected and can be reached through various modes of transportation:

By Air: The nearest airport is Biju Patnaik International Airport in Bhubaneswar, which is approximately 60 kilometers away from Puri. From there, you can hire a taxi or take a bus to reach the temple.

By Train: Puri has its railway station called Puri Junction, which is well-connected to major cities in India. Several trains operate to and from Puri, making it a convenient option for travelers. Once you reach Puri Railway Station, the temple is located within walking distance.

By Road: Puri is well-connected by road, and you can reach the temple by bus or taxi. National Highway 316 connects Puri to other major cities in Odisha and neighboring states. Regular bus services are available from nearby cities like Bhubaneswar and Cuttack.

Local Transport: Once you reach Puri, you can explore the town and reach the Jagannath Temple using local modes of transport such as cycle rickshaws, auto-rickshaws, and taxis. These are easily available and provide convenient transportation within the town.

It is advisable to plan your journey and check for any updates or changes in transportation services. Additionally, it is recommended to dress modestly and carry any required travel documents while visiting the temple.


Grand Rd, At post, Puri, Odisha 752001

Jagannath Temple In Puri 


1. Are jeans permitted allowed in Puri Jagannath Temple?

On Monday on Monday, it was announced that the Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA) in Puri prohibited service members from wearing Western casuals such as shorts, jeans, and T-shirts.

2. Are there no food charges in Jagannath Puri Temple?

12th-century pilgrims who visited the Shree Jagannath Temple for an opportunity to worship the Trinity were now offered free mahaprasad, which is the highly sought-after, cooked meal for gods.

3. Do you have a dress code that applies to Jagannath Temple?

All of these workers will need to dress in traditional clothing like patta, gauche, dhoti, and so on.

4. Are this the Puri Jagannath Temple open throughout the entire year?

The Lord Jagannath temple located in Puri will be shut for three days, from December 31 until January 2nd, 2022. The temple was been informed by Shree Jagannath Temple Administration (SJTA) director Krishan Kumar.


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