TemplesTamilnadu State

Swamimalai Temple In Thanjavur

Swamimalai Temple In Thanjavur


Swamimalai Temple, also known as Swaminatha Swami Temple, is a prominent Hindu temple located in the town of Swamimalai near Thanjavur in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is dedicated to Lord Murugan, also known as Swaminatha or Swaminathan, who is considered the son of Lord Shiva and the Hindu god of war and victory. Swamimalai Temple is one of the six abodes of Lord Murugan, known as Arupadaiveedu, and holds great significance among devotees.



Swamimalai Temple is situated in the town of Swamimalai, which is located in the Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu, a state in southern India. Thanjavur is a historic city known for its rich cultural heritage and architectural marvels, including magnificent temples. Swamimalai itself is a small town nestled amidst scenic surroundings and lush greenery.


The history of Swamimalai Temple is deeply rooted in Hindu mythology and legends. According to ancient texts, it is believed that Lord Murugan, the son of Lord Shiva and Parvati, taught the meaning of the Pranava Mantra, “Om,” to his father at this very site. This episode, known as “Swamimalai Thirumanam,” holds immense significance in the temple’s history. Over time, Swamimalai Temple has undergone renovations and expansions under the patronage of various dynasties, including the Cholas, Pandyas, and Vijayanagara Empire. These rulers contributed to the architectural splendor of the temple, which showcases a unique blend of Dravidian and Vijayanagara architectural styles. The temple’s historical importance is further enhanced by its mention in ancient Tamil literature, such as the Tirumurugatrupadai and Silappatikaram. These texts highlight the temple’s existence and its status as a revered place of worship for Lord Murugan.


Swamimalai Temple showcases a captivating architectural style that is a fusion of Dravidian and Vijayanagara architectural elements. The temple complex is meticulously designed and features intricate carvings, ornate sculptures, and towering gopurams (gateway towers). The main entrance of the temple is adorned with a majestic Rajagopuram, a towering structure that serves as a grand gateway to the sanctum sanctorum. The gopuram is embellished with detailed sculptures depicting various deities, mythical creatures, and divine narratives. Inside the temple, there are multiple halls and mandapams (pillared halls) that showcase exquisite stone carvings and sculptures. The pillars are intricately adorned with intricate motifs and sculptural depictions from Hindu mythology. The sanctum sanctorum, where the main deity Lord Murugan resides, is a sacred space with a beautifully adorned shrine. The idol of Lord Murugan is depicted as a young boy with six faces, symbolizing the six cardinal directions, and holds a Vel (spear-like weapon) in his hand. The temple also houses several smaller shrines dedicated to other deities, including Lord Ganesha and Goddess Durga. These shrines display their respective icons and are revered by devotees who offer prayers and perform rituals. The architectural grandeur of Swamimalai Temple is further enhanced by the intricate stonework and sculptural details found throughout the complex. The craftsmanship and attention to detail in the carvings reflect the skill and artistic brilliance of the artisans of that era.

Festivals and Celebrations:

Swamimalai Temple is known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations, which attract devotees from far and wide. The most significant festival celebrated here is the Skanda Sashti, a six-day festival commemorating the victory of Lord Murugan over the demon Surapadma. The festival involves elaborate processions, music, dance performances, and religious rituals. The highlight of the festival is the Kavadi Attam, where devotees carry ornate kavadis (semi-circular wooden structures adorned with peacock feathers and flowers) on their shoulders as an offering to Lord Murugan. Apart from Skanda Sashti, other important festivals celebrated at Swamimalai Temple include Thai Poosam, Panguni Uthiram, and Thaipusam. These festivals witness grand celebrations and draw a large number of devotees who participate in rituals, processions, and devotional activities.


Swamimalai Temple In Thanjavur


Swamimalai Temple In Thanjavur


Temple Timings ;

Swamimalai Temple operates with specific timings for the convenience of devotees. The temple follows a daily schedule, allowing visitors to partake in the worship rituals and seek blessings. The typical timings of the temple are as follows:

Morning Timings:

The temple opens early in the morning, usually around 5:00 or 5:30 AM.
Devotees can participate in the first puja (ritual) of the day, which is performed to awaken the deity and seek their blessings.
The morning hours provide a serene and tranquil atmosphere for devotees to offer their prayers and engage in personal worship.

Afternoon Timings:

After the morning rituals, the temple remains open for devotees throughout the day.
Devotees can visit the temple during the afternoon hours for darshan (sacred viewing) of the deity and engage in individual prayers and rituals.

Evening Timings:

In the evening, the temple once again becomes active with various rituals and ceremonies.
Devotees can witness the evening arati (lamp-waving ceremony) and participate in the evening puja.

Closing Timings:

The temple closes in the late evening, usually around 8:00 or 9:00 PM, after the final puja and rituals.
The closing timings may vary depending on specific days and festivals.
It is important to note that the temple timings are subject to change during special occasions, festivals, and religious observances. It is advisable to check with the temple authorities or local sources for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding the temple timings before planning a visit.

Significance and Worship:

Swamimalai Temple holds immense spiritual significance for devotees of Lord Murugan. It is believed that worshiping at this temple helps in gaining knowledge and wisdom. The temple is also associated with the concept of Muruga Gnana, which symbolizes the divine knowledge imparted by Lord Murugan to his devotees. One of the unique features of Swamimalai Temple is the worship practice called the “Agnihotra Abishekam.” It involves offering sacred ablutions to the deity with a mixture of ghee, milk, and other ingredients. This ritual is performed at the crack of dawn every day and is believed to have powerful cleansing and purifying effects. Devotees also undertake a ritual called “Kavadi Attam,” where they carry the kavadi on their shoulders as a form of penance and devotion to Lord Murugan. This practice is believed to bring blessings, fulfillment of wishes, and liberation from suffering.

Nearby Attractions :

Swamimalai, located in the historic district of Thanjavur in Tamil Nadu, offers several nearby attractions that visitors can explore. Here are some notable places of interest:

Brihadeeswarar Temple: Located in Thanjavur, the Brihadeeswarar Temple is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a marvel of Dravidian architecture. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva and features a towering vimana (temple tower), exquisite stone carvings, and a massive Nandi statue.

Thanjavur Palace: Also known as the Maratha Palace, it is a grand structure that once served as the official residence of the Nayak and Maratha rulers. The palace complex showcases architectural brilliance and houses a museum with a remarkable collection of artifacts and royal memorabilia.

Saraswathi Mahal Library: Situated within the Thanjavur Palace complex, the Saraswathi Mahal Library is one of the oldest libraries in Asia. It houses a vast collection of ancient manuscripts, palm-leaf manuscripts, and rare books on various subjects.

Gangaikonda Cholapuram: Located around 70 kilometers from Swamimalai, Gangaikonda Cholapuram is an ancient temple complex built by the Chola dynasty. The main temple, dedicated to Lord Shiva, is renowned for its architectural splendor and intricate sculptures.

Kumbakonam: Situated about 40 kilometers from Swamimalai, Kumbakonam is a bustling town known for its numerous temples and religious significance. It is home to iconic temples like the Adi Kumbeswarar Temple and the Sarangapani Temple.

These attractions offer a glimpse into the rich cultural and architectural heritage of the region, making them worth exploring for visitors to Swamimalai.

How To reach Swamimalai Temple :

Swamimalai Temple is easily accessible from various parts of Tamil Nadu. Here are a few common modes of transportation to reach the temple:

By Air: The nearest major airport is Tiruchirappalli International Airport, located approximately 70 kilometers away. From the airport, you can hire a taxi or use public transportation to reach Swamimalai.

By Train: The nearest railway station is Kumbakonam Railway Station, situated around 10 kilometers from Swamimalai. Trains from major cities like Chennai, Madurai, and Coimbatore connect to Kumbakonam. From the railway station, you can take a taxi or a local bus to reach Swamimalai.

By Road: Swamimalai is well-connected by roadways. Regular bus services operate from major cities like Chennai, Madurai, and Coimbatore to Kumbakonam. From Kumbakonam, you can hire a taxi or take a local bus to reach Swamimalai. Private taxis and rental cars are also available for a more convenient and personalized journey.

Local Transportation: Once you reach Swamimalai, you can explore the temple and its surroundings on foot. The temple is located within the town and is easily navigable.

It is advisable to plan your journey and check for the most convenient mode of transportation based on your location. Local transportation options may vary, so it is recommended to seek local advice or contact the temple authorities for any specific travel information or directions.

Contact details:

Address: Arulmigu Swaminatha Swamy Temple, Thirumanjanaveethi, Swamimalai, Kumbakonam, Thanjavur – 612302.

Swamimalai Temple contact phone number:04352454421

Email Id: muruganswamymalai18002@gmail.com


1. How many steps does the Swamimalai Temple have?

The Swaminatha Swamy temple has sixty steps.


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