Biography Of Anne Frank
Anne Frank, born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, was a Jewish girl who became famous for the diary she kept during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. Her diary, which she started writing at the age of 13 and continued until her capture by the Nazis in 1944, documents her life in hiding and the emotions and thoughts that she experienced during this time. The diary has become a powerful symbol of the Holocaust and is widely regarded as one of the most important literary works of the 20th century.
Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt, Germany, to Otto and Edith Frank. Her family was Jewish, and her father owned a company that made pectin, a substance used to make jam. Anne had an older sister named Margot, and the family lived a comfortable life until the Nazis came to power in 1933. The family was forced to flee Germany and move to Amsterdam, where Otto Frank started a new business.
Life in Amsterdam
In Amsterdam, the Frank family lived in a small apartment and struggled to adjust to their new life. Anne was enrolled in a local school and made friends with other children in the neighborhood. However, the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands in 1940 brought a new wave of persecution against Jews. Jews were forced to wear yellow stars, and many were deported to concentration camps in Germany.
Going into Hiding
In July 1942, Anne’s family went into hiding in a secret annex in the back of Otto Frank’s office building. They were joined by another family, the van Pels, and later by a dentist named Fritz Pfeffer. The families were helped by several of Otto Frank’s employees, who provided them with food and other supplies. Anne’s diary was given to her as a birthday present just before they went into hiding, and it became her constant companion during the two years that she spent in the annex.
Life in Hiding
Life in the secret annex was difficult and cramped. The families had to stay quiet during the day so that no one outside would hear them. They had to use a bucket as a toilet and were only allowed to bathe once a week. They also had to be careful not to make any noise when they moved around the annex, as they were afraid that someone might hear them.
Anne spent most of her time in the annex writing in her diary. She wrote about her feelings, her thoughts, and her hopes for the future. She also wrote about the people she was living with and her relationships with them. She had a particularly difficult relationship with her mother, who she felt was overly critical and distant.
Capture and Death
In August 1944, the secret annex was raided by the Gestapo, the German secret police. The families were taken to different concentration camps, and Anne, Margot, and their mother were sent to Auschwitz. Anne and Margot were later transferred to Bergen-Belsen, where they died of typhus in March 1945, just weeks before the camp was liberated by Allied forces.
Otto Frank was the only member of the family to survive the war. When he returned to Amsterdam, he was given Anne’s diary by one of the women who had helped the family during their time in hiding. Otto was deeply moved by the diary and decided to have it published so that Anne’s story would be told to the world.
Anne’s diary was published in 1947 under the title “Het Achterhuis” (The Secret Annex) in the Netherlands, and later as “The Diary of a Young Girl” in English. The diary has since been translated into more than 70 languages and has sold millions of copies worldwide. It has become one of the most widely
Biography Of Anne Frank