Biography of Aryabhatta
Born: 476 Kusumpur and Asmak
Occupation: Mathematician, Astronomer
Aryabhata was an ancient mathematician and astronomer. His contributions to science and mathematics continue to inspire scientists today. Aryabhata was the first person to use algebra. It will surprise you to learn that his famous composition, ‘Aryabhatiya (mathematical manual), was written in poetry. It is one of the most famous texts from ancient India. The majority of the information in this book is about astronomy and spherical triangleometry. 33 The rules for algebra, trigonometry, and arithmetic are also covered in “Aryabhatti”.
All of us know that the earth rotates on its axis and is round. This is why there is night as well as day. This theory was first proposed by Nicolaus Copernicus in the medieval period. However, very few people realize that Aryabhatta discovered the earth’s roundness and estimated its circumference to be 24835. miles. Aryabhata proved the Hindu belief that there are solar and lunar eclipses to be false. The great scientist and mathematician Aryabhata also understood that the sun’s rays illuminate the moon and other planets. Aryabhatta proved from his sources that there are 365.2951 and not 366 days in a year.
The first step is life
In his book “Aryabhatiya”, Aryabhata writes about his birthplace Kusumpur and his time of birth in Saka Samvat 389. (476). This information reveals that the year of his birth is not disputed but that the actual place of his birth is not. Some sources claim that Aryabhatta was baptized in the Ashmak region in Maharashtra. It is also possible that he moved to Kusumpura at some time in his life to pursue higher education.
Bhaskara, an Indian mathematician of the seventh century, identified Kusumpura (modern Patna) as Pataliputra (in Hindu and Buddhist traditions). Nalanda University, a great learning center, was founded here. Aryabhata might have been associated with it. Aryabhata may have lived there in the final days of the Gupta Empire. Gupta’s period is known as the Golden Age of India.
Biography of Aryabhatta
His writings contain information about Aryabhatta. The great mathematician was the author of texts such as Aryabhattiya and Tantra. Scholars have many different opinions about the ‘Aryabhata Sildhanta’. According to some scholars, the ‘Aryabhata Siddhanta was used extensively in the seventh century. Only 34 verses from this book are currently available. Scholars aren’t sure how such an important book disappeared.
Aryabhattaya spoke directly about the work that he had done. Although it is possible that Aryabhatta may not have used this name, later commentators preferred the name Aryabhatti. It is also mentioned in the writings of Aryabhatta’s disciple Bhaskara II. This text is sometimes called Aryasata-ashta (meaning Aryabhattu 108 – this refers to the number of verses within his text). Aryabhata explains the different types of equations, including square root, cube root, parallelogram, and others. This book contains mathematics and astronomy. Aryabhata’s mathematical sections include arithmetic and algebra as well as simple trigonometry, spherical trigonometry, and simple trigonometry. It also includes continued fractions and quadratic equations as well as the sum of power series, science table, and the sum of power. Aryabhata contains 108 verses and 13 introductions. It is divided into four chapters or stanzas.
Pad in the round
Arya-Siddhanta refers to astronomical calculations. This text is extinct, as mentioned above. All information about it comes from Aryabhattu’s contemporary Varahamihira’s writings or essays by later mathematicians such as Brahmagupta I and Bhaskara II. Based on the information available to us about this book, it appears that the work was based on the old Surya theory and used midnight-day-calculation compared to Aryabhata’s sunrise. This book also describes many astronomical instruments. Chief among these are the cone-yantra, the shadow-yantra, possibly an angle-measuring device, the arch-yantra/chakra-yantra, a cylindrical stick, the yasti-yantra, the chhatra-yantra, and the water clocks.
Another work by him is also available. However, it is not in its original format but rather in an Arabic translation, Al Ntfs/Al Nanf. Although the text is claimed to be Aryabhatta’s translation, its Sanskrit name remains unknown. It was mentioned by Abu Rayhan al-Biruni, a Persian scholar and historian.
Biography of Aryabhatta
Contribution of Aryabhatta
Aryabhata had an enormous influence on Indian and global mathematics and astrology theory. Aryabhatta was the most prominent Indian mathematician and presented astrology theory in his famous treatise, ‘Aryabhatiya,’ in 120 Arya Chandas.
He was able to predict the value of “pi” more accurately than Archimedes in mathematics and was the first person to assert that the earth revolves on its axis within astronomy.
Aryabhata’s writings make it clear that the numerical system of place values is clearly explained. Aryabhatta did not use the symbol zero to indicate it, but mathematicians believe that Aryabhatta placed zero in his place-value number system.
Remarkably, he created astrology nearly one and a quarter thousand years ago, without having the modern tools of today. We have already mentioned that Aryabhatta was the first to discover the Copernicus theory (1473-1543 AD). This was a thousand years before. Aryabhata, in “Golpad”, was the first to show that the Earth revolves around its axis.
This great math shows that the ratio of the circumference and the diameter of a circle is 62,832: 20,000. This is accurate to four decimal places. Aryabhata calculated that the Earth’s circumference is 39,968.0582km, 0.2% less than its original 40,075.0167 km.
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