Biography of Bidhan Chandra Roy -

Biography of Bidhan Chandra Roy

Biography of Bidhan Chandra Roy


Bidhan Chandra Roy

Born July 1, 1882, in Patna. One state in eastern India

Died: July 1, 1962, Kolkata, West Bengal

Scope of work: Politician, Doctor, Freedom Fighter

Bidhan Chandra Roy, a prominent physician, educator, freedom fighter, and politician, is Dr. He was the Chief Minister for West Bengal between 1948 and 1962, after the independence of India. He is known as the “Builder of Bengal” because of his contributions to West Bengal’s development. Five new West Bengal cities were founded by him: Durgapur Kalyani Kalyani Bidhannagar Ashoknagar, Ashoknagar, and Habra. He is the only person to have joined MRCP. FRCS. Both simultaneously and in three months. His July 1 birthday is India’s Doctor’s Day. In 1961, India’s highest civilian award, ‘Bharat Ratna’, was presented to him in recognition of his contributions to society and the country.


The first step is life

Bidhan Chandra was born in Patna, Bihar on the 1st of July 1882. His father’s name was Prakash Chandra Roy, and his mother is Aghorkamini De. Bidhan passed his matriculation exam in 1897 at the Collegiate School, Patna. He completed his Intermediate at Presidency College in Calcutta as well as his BA with Honors in Mathematics from Patna College. He applied for admission to Calcutta Medical College and Bengal Engineering College.

After being selected by both institutions, he decided to attend medical college. He went to Calcutta in 1901. Bidhan was not able to make it to medical college. Bidhan’s father, who was in his first year as Deputy Collector, retired and couldn’t send him money. Bidhan survived through hardships and scholarship. He didn’t have enough money for books so he used the help of others and borrowed books from college libraries to finish his studies.

The British Government also decided to divide Bengal at the same time he was in Legislative College. The decision to divide Bengal was opposed strongly by nationalist leaders such as Lala Lajapatirai and Bal Gangadhara Tilak and Prajit Sengupta. Bidhan wanted to join the movement too, but he decided to focus on his studies and continue his education to become a better professional and citizen.


Biography of Bidhan Chandra Roy



Bidhan, after completing his medical education, joined the State Health Service. He worked hard and with dedication at the State Health Service. He didn’t consider any job in his field to be trivial. He also played the role of a nurse when necessary. He practices private medicine during his spare time.

1909: MRCP at St. Bartholomew’s Hospital cost just 1200 rupees. FRCS. Bidhan went to England to complete this. Bidhan left for England to do so. The college dean refused to accept his application. But Bidhan, who was equally determined, applied on application. After 30 applications, he finally got admission. He completed MRCP within two years and three months. FRCS. In 1911, he completed his studies and returned to the country. He taught at Calcutta Medical College and Campbell Medical School, as well as Carmichael Medical College.

Dr. Roy says that true swaraj is only possible in a country if its citizens are physically and mentally healthy. His contributions to organizations that promote medical education are numerous. Jadavpur T.B. Hospital, Chittaranjan Seva Sadan, Kamala Nehru Hospital, Victoria Institute and Chittaranjan Cancer Hospital. Seva Sadan was also established by Chittaranjan in 1926. Women were initially reluctant to move here at first, but Dr. Bidhan’s efforts and his team made it possible for women from all walks of to start coming to this place. She founded the Women’s Training Center for Nursing and Social Work.

Dr. Bidhan Chandra was made Vice-Chancellor at Calcutta University in 1942. He was able to maintain the education and health system in Kolkata during World War II. For his outstanding services, he has been conferred the title of Doctor of Science.

Dr. Roy stated that the future of the country will be decided by the youth, so they should end the strike and start a hunger strike. They must also work hard to improve themselves and the country.




In 1923, he entered politics and defeated Surendranath Banerjee, a prominent leader. He was elected an independent candidate from Barrackpore’s constituency. He also passed 1925 a resolution in the Legislative Assembly concerning the rising pollution of the Hooghly River and suggested remedial measures.

Dr. Roy was elected a member of the All India Congress Committee in 1928. He was a non-competitive politician and was kind to all. He organized the civil disobedience movement of Bengal in 1929 and was elected to Congress Working Committee. Dr. Roy was among those arrested by the government, who declared the Congress Working Committee illegal.

Many members of the Kolkata Municipal Corporation were jailed during the Dandi March of 1931. The Congress party requested that Dr. Roy stay out of prison and manage the corporation without any problems. In 1933, he was elected Mayor of the Corporation. The corporation saw significant progress under his leadership in terms of free education and free medical care.


Biography of Bidhan Chandra Roy


After independence

The Congress Party had nominated Dr. Roy to the position of Chief Minister of Bengal after independence. However, he wanted his medical career to be his primary focus. Gandhiji pressured him to accept the position and he became the Chief Minister of Bengal on 23 January 1948. The state’s situation was extremely complicated by the time Dr. Roy became Chief Minister of Bengal. The state is engulfed in violence between communities. Concerning factors include food shortages, unemployment, and an influx of refugees from East Pakistan. His hard work helped to establish law and order within the state and control other problems to a large degree in just three years.

On 4 February 1961, the Government of India awarded him the highest civilian award in India, ‘Bharat Ratna’. This was for his distinguished service.



On his 80th birthday, he died in Kolkata on July 1, 1962. His house was donated to run a nursing facility. The nursing home was named after Aghorkamini Devi, his mother.

Biography of Bidhan Chandra Roy


Life events

1882: Bidhan Chaudra Roy was born 1 July

1896: The death of his mother

1901: I left Patna to go to Calcutta for Calcutta Medical College.

1909: I went to England to study at St. Bartholomew’s College

1911: MRCP, FRCS. After completion, returned to India

1925: Active politics begins

1925: The Hooghly Pollution Resolution was introduced to the Legislative Assembly.

1928: Elected to All India Congress Committee

1929: Organized civil disobedience movement in Bengal

Biography of Bidhan Chandra Roy


1930: Elected to Congress Working Committee

1930: Arrested, sent to Alipore Jail

1942: Mahatma Gandhi’s treatment in the Quit India Movement

1942: He was Vice-Chancellor at Calcutta University during World War II.

1944: Received Doctor of Science

1948: Taken charge as Chief Minister for Bengal on 23 Jan

Biography of Bidhan Chandra Roy


1956: Addressed Lucknow University

1961: The highest civilian award in the country, Bharat Ratna was bestowed on February 4.

1962: I went to heaven on July 1, 1962

1976: Dr. B.C. Roy instituted the National Award.


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