Biography of Chaudhary Charan Singh
Chaudhary Charan Singh
Born: 23 December 1902, Nurpur, United Provinces, British India
Died: May 29, 1987
Occupation: Politician, Former Prime Minister of India
Chaudhary Charan Singh was an Indian politician and was the nation’s Fifth Prime Minister. In India, it is believed that he was a leader who spoke the voices of farmers. While he was his Prime Minister for India however, his time in office was short. Before he was appointed Premier, he was the Home Minister and the Deputy Premier of India. He also served as chief minister of the state of Uttar Pradesh twice and before which he was the head of several other departments. He was only the Prime Minister of the state for five months and a few days, and then resigned before showing his majority.
Life is the first step.
Chaudhary Charan Singh was born on the 23rd of December 1902 in the village of Nurpur located in the United Provinces (now Uttar Pradesh) in a farming family. His family is closely related to Raja Nahar Singh of Ballabhgarh who was a major participant during the Revolution of 1887. Nahar Singh was executed at the hands of authorities of the British administration in the city of Delhi’s Chandni Chowk. To escape the oppression of the British Nahar Singh’s supporters Nahar Singh and the grandfather of Chaudhary Charan Singh moved to Bulandshahr district in Uttar Pradesh.
Chaudhary Charan Singh was raised in an educational background at the start because he showed an additional passion for education. He received his first training in Nurpur and was later admitted to a state-run higher school at Meerut to complete his matriculation exam. The year 1923 saw Charan Singh as a graduate in science, and two years later in 1925, he was able to pass the postgraduate exam within the stream of arts. Following this, he pursued law at Agra University. After passing the bar exam, began legal practice in Ghaziabad in the year 1928. He was renowned for his integrity, honesty, and integrity throughout his career. Chaudhary Charan Singh would accept only those cases that appeared fair to the client.
Biography of Chaudhary Charan Singh
Life in the political arena
Following an unsuccessful Lahore Congress Session (1929) He formed a Congress Committee in Ghaziabad and during the civil disobedience protests in 1929, Charan Singh was penalized to six months in prison for violating the Salt Act. After his release from jail, Charan Singh devoted himself completely to the struggle for the freedom of the nation.
In 1937 at the age of 34 In 1937, he became a member of the Legislative Assembly from Chhaprauli (Baghpat) and introduced a bill to the Assembly to protect the rights of peasants. This bill addresses deforestation of the crops by farmers. Following this, the bill was ratified by all state governments of India.
The year 1940 was also the year that Charan Singh, a former Indian soldier was taken into custody during a “personal satyagraha which was organized by Gandhiji who was later released in October of 1941. In 1942, there was a wave of unrest across the nation and Mahatma Gandhi demanded “do or die” through” Quit India” campaign. In the course of this, Charan Singh went underground and created an organization that was secretly revolutionary and roamed in the villages of Ghaziabad, Hapur, Meerut, Mawana, Sarthana, Bulandshahr, and many more. The police pursued Charan Singh and finally arrested the man. The British government gave him one and one-half years in prison. He wrote a novel titled “Maryada” while in prison.
Chaudhary Charan Singh was against Nehru’s reforms to the economy that was Soviet-style as he believed that cooperative agriculture was not going to be successful in India. Charan Singh who was a member of a farming family believed that advancement in the region could only be made when the farmer was entitled to his land. His opposition to Nehru’s ideas is thought to have had an impact on Charan Singh’s political life.
Following the nation’s independence, Charan Singh was elected to the state assembly. He was elected to the 1952 elections, as well as the 1962 and 1967 elections. He was elected the “Parliamentary Secretary” under Pandit Gobind Vallabh Pant’s administration. In this capacity, he was accountable for the revenue, justice information, medical health, and other departments. In 1951, he got given the position of Cabinet Minister within the Government of Uttar Pradesh, where he was in charge of the responsibility for departmental responsibilities in the Department of Justice and Information. The year 1952 was when he was appointed to take charge of the Department of Revenue and Agriculture under Dr. Purmanananda’s administration. Charan Singh is a farmer and is always working for the well-being of farmers. When Chandrabhanu Gupta was elected the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1960, Charan Singh was appointed to his Agriculture Department.
Charan Singh resigned from the Congress Party in 1967 and created a new political party known as ‘Bharatiya Kranti Dal’. He was the first to form the government of Uttar Pradesh with the help of prominent leaders such as Raj Narayan and Ram Manohar Lohia and was elected chief minister of Uttar Pradesh between 1967 and 1970.
In 1975 Indira Gandhi declared an Emergency across the entire country. She imprisoned every opposition politician, which included Charan Singh. Following the declaration of Emergency, Indira Gandhi lost the 1977 elections and the ‘Janata ‘ government was established in the Center under the direction of Morarji Desai. Charan Singh was Vice Prime Minister as well as the Home Minister of the government.
Biography of Chaudhary Charan Singh
The Prime Minister’s post
Because of the discord in and within the Janata Party, Morarji Desai’s government collapsed, and Charan Singh was inaugurated as the Prime Minister on 28 July 1979 with the help of the Congress as well as the CPI. In the first week of his presidency, President Neelam Sanjiva Reddy granted him until the 20th of August to show his majority, however, Indira Gandhi pulled her support on August 19th which meant that Chaudhary Charan Singh was forced to resign as the Prime Minister, without having to appear before the Parliament.
Charan Singh married Gayatri Devi in 1929. They have five children together. Son Ajit Singh is the head of his party “Rashtriya Lok Da”.
In addition to being a politician Chaudhary Charan Singh was an experienced writer with a strong knowledge of the English language. He also wrote the books “Abolition of Zamindari’, ‘Legend of Proprietorship’ as well as “India’s Poverty and Solutions’.
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