Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji

Biography of Dadabhai Naoroji


Dadabhai Naoroji 

Born: September 4, 1825
Died: June 30, 1917

Highlights the first Indian to become a professor in the college; was instrumental in the creation of the Indian National Congress as well as being president of the Indian National Congress three times and the Congress’s call of the swaraj (self-rule) is the very first to be made known publicly by the president in his address in 1906.

Dadabhai Naoroji is fondly called the “Grand Old Man of India”. He is considered to be the person who laid the basis for Indian freedom. Indian liberation struggle.

Dadabhai Naoroji was born in a poor Parsi family in Bombay on the 4th of September 1825. He was the son of Naoroji Palanji Dordi passed away at the age Dadabhai Naoroji was only four years old. His mother was his mother Maneckbai who, despite not being literate herself, ensured that Dadabhai Naoroji got the best English education that was possible. As a student, Dada Bhai Naoroji was very proficient in Mathematics as well as English. He attended Elphinstone Institution, Bombay and after completing his studies, He was appointed the Chief Native Assistant Master at Elphinstone Institution. Elphinstone Institution. Dadabhai Naoroji became a professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy at the Elphinstone Institution at the age of 27. Naoroji was the very first Indian to be an Elphinstone Institution professor.




Dadabhai Naoroji entered the political fight in 1852. He was adamantly opposed to the renewal of the lease with the East India Company in 1853. He wrote letters addressed to the English government to stop this. However, the British government did not take his request seriously to renew the lease. Dadabhai Naoroji felt that the British rule of India was due to the ignorance of the Indian population. He established his organization, the Gyan Prasarak Mandali (Society for Promotion of Knowledge) to provide education for adults. He also wrote numerous petitions to Viceroys and Governors concerning India’s issues. In the end, he believed that the British citizens and the British Parliament needed to be aware of the dire situation in India. In 1855 at the age of thirty, he set sail to England.

Then, in England, Dadabhai Naoroji joined numerous learned societies, delivered numerous talks, and wrote articles on the situation in India. He established the East Indian Association on December 1st, 1866. The group was made up of officers with high rank from India as well as people who had access to members were members of the British Parliament. Dadabhai Naoroji was elected to the British Parliament in 1892, from Central Finsbury as the Liberal party’s candidate. He was able to get a resolution approved in the British Parliament that allowed for the holding of preliminary exams to be used for I.C.S. to be held in India as well as England simultaneously. In addition, he obtained in England and India simultaneously. He also got the Wiley Commission, the royal commission on Indian expenditure, which acknowledged the need for a fair allocation of military and administrative expenses in India in India and England.

Dadabhai Naoroji was instrumental in the creation of the Indian National Congress founded by A.O. Hume in 1885. He was twice elected president of the Indian National Congress, in 1886, 1893, and 1906. In his third term, the President prevented a split between extremists and moderates within the party. The Congress demands of the swaraj (self-rule) began to be announced in public by him during his presidential speech in 1906. Dadabhai Naoroji believed in non-violent and constitutional ways of protest. He passed away at the age of 92 on the 30th of June in 1917.


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