Biography of Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar -

Biography of Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar

Biography of Dr.Bhimrao Ambedkar


Born: April 14, 1891

Died: December 6, 1956

Achievements: Named Chairperson of the Drafting Committee set up by the Constituent Assembly to frame the Constitution of Independent India, India’s first Law Minister, and Bharat Ratna Award in 1990.

Doctor. Bhimrao Ambedkar is seen as the representative of India’s poor and backward classes. He was the Chairman of the Drafting Committee set up by the Constituent Assembly in 1947 to draft the Constitution of the newly independent India. He played a vital role in the constitution-making. Bhimrao Ambedkar is also known as India’s first Law Minister. He was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1990 for his immense service to the country.




The first step is life


Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar was born on 14th April 1891 in Mo (present-day Madhya Pradesh). He was the 14th child of Ramji as well as Bhimabai Sakpal Ambedkar. Bhimrao Ambedkar hailed from the inaccessible Mahar caste. Both his father and grandfather were soldiers in the British Army. The government of the day ensured the accommodation of the entire army and their children and even set up a special school for this purpose. Thanks to this education, Bhimrao had an excellent education and the caste made him feel unwelcome.

Bhimrao Ambedkar faced caste-based discrimination in his youth. After the death of Bhimrao’s father, the family moved to Satara, Maharashtra. Bhimrao is studying in a local primary school. In this school, the students had to sit in the corner of the class and the teacher was not allowed to take their books. Despite all the difficulties, Bhimrao continued his studies and in 1908 passed his matriculation examination at Bombay University. Bhimrao Ambedkar was a student at Elphinstone College for further education. After completing his studies in economics and political science at Bombay University in 1912, the college offered him a job in Baroda.

Bhimrao Ambedkar’s father was killed in 1913. In the same year, the Maharaja of Baroda granted him a scholarship and took Bhimrao Ambedkar to America for further studies. Bhimrao reached New York in July 1913. This was the first time that Bhimrao did not get a mahr. He devoted himself to his studies and received a Master of Arts degree and an honorary doctorate in philosophy from Columbia University in 1916 for his thesis “National Dividend for India: A Historical and Analytical Study”. Doctor. Ambedkar moved to London from America to study political science and economics and the Baroda government canceled his scholarship and notified him back.



The Maharajah of Baroda named Dr. Ambedkar as Political Secretary. However, since the Maharaja was a Mahar no boof complied with his directives. Bhimrao Ambedkar went back to Bombay on November 19, 1924. With the assistance of Shahu Mahseveralhapur, Bhimrao started a weekly paper known aMooknaik” on 31 January 1920. Maharaja also arranged several g meetings with “untouchables” to which Bhimrao addressed. After having accumulated enough money in the month of September 1920 Ambedkar was sent to London to finish his studies. He studied law in London

After finishing his studies in London, Ambedkar returned to India. The year 1924 was the month that created his own organization, the Bhaishkrta Hitakarini Sabha. The goal of the event was to elevate the Dalits in both the political and social levels and make them more equal with the rest in Indian society. Mahad was the leader of a protest in the Chowder Tank in Colaba near Bombay seeking the rights of those who are untouchable to drink water from a tank that is public and to burn effigies in public of the ‘Manusmriti’.

in 1929 Ambedkar decided to work with the British Commission to establish a accountable Indian administration in India. Congress chose to oppose the commission, and they drafted constitutional amendments for independent India. The Congress version is not a law to protect the Depressed Classes. Ambedkar’s guarantee from the rights and privileges of the marginalized caste proved confusing to Congress.

The moment Ramsay MacDonald announced separate electorates for the Depressed Classes under the ‘Communal Award’ Gandhi was on hunger strike, to protest the move. The leaders demanded to Dr. Ambedkar to withdraw their demands. On the 24th of September 1932 Dr. A deal was struck with Ambedkar and Gandhiji which was referred to as the “Poona Pact’. In this agreement, specific concessions were substituted by specific concessions for regional legislatures as well as central councilsfortates.

Doctor. Ambedkar participated in the,e Round Table conference decided and was a vocal advocate about the rights of the oppressed. In the meantime the British government made a deconstruct provincial elections in 1937. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar created”the “Independent Labor Party” in August 1936 to run for election in Bombay Province. The candidate and others from the group were elected into Bombay Legislative Assembly. Bombay Legislative Assembly.

In 1937 in 1937, the late Dr. Ambedkar passed a bill to abolish the “Khoti” tenancy system in the Konkan region. This ended the slavery of landlords as well as the “watan” system of Mahars who were government slaves. A part of the Agraasan Pradhan Bill referred to the Depressed Classes as “Harijans”. Bhimrao was adamantly opposed to this designation to the”untouchables”. He claimed that if “untouchables” were the people of God the rest of us are demons who were also people was against such notions. However, it was the Indian National Congress succeeded in giving the name of Harijan as the Harijan. Ambedkar was extremely angry that He was not permitted to express his opinion on what he had been asked to do.

When India became independent after 1947, founding Premier Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru invited Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar to join the Parliament as Minister for Law. An Committee of the Constituent Assembly was appointed to the job of writing the Constitution and Dr. Ambedkar was elected as the president of this Committee. In February 1948 Ambedkar presented the draft Constitution to India’s people. Ambedkar presented the reinstitution to the Indian people. India that came into force on January 26, 1949.

In October 1948 In October 1948, the Dr. Ambedkar introduced the Hindu Code Bill in the Constituent Assembly in an attempt to establish a regularization of Hindus there were a variety of disagreements in the Congress party over the bill. The Bill was put on hold until September of 1951 to be considered. The bill was reduced in the course of advancing the bill. Ambedkar was forced to quit his law minister’s job after expressing his displeasure.

On the 24th of May 1956, on the day of Buddha Jayanti in Bombay, He announced that he would be converting to Buddhism in October. He made the transition to Buddhism on October 14, 1956, together with his followers. Babasaheb Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar passed away on the 6th of December, 1956.

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