Biography of Dr. Zakir Hussain
Born: February 8, 1897, Hyderabad, Telangana
Died: May 3, 1969, Delhi
Function: Third President of India
Childhood and Early Life
Dr. Zakir Hussain was born on February 8, 1897, in Hyderabad, Telangana. Following his birth, his family moved to Kayanganj in the Farrukhabad district in Uttar Pradesh. Although he was born and raised in India however, when we examine the long background of his parents, it is clear that he is part of the modern-day Pashtun tribe that is located in the border regions that border Pakistan as well as Afghanistan. Their ancestors are also believed to have settled in the area that is the present western part of Uttar Pradesh in the 18th century. His father passed away when he was just 10 years old, and his mother passed away at the age of 14. Zakir was a young man who completed his primary schooling at Islamia High School, Etawah. Then he enrolled in Anglo-Muhammadan Oriental College (now known as Aligarh Muslim University) in Aligarh to pursue his higher education. From here, she began the path of a new politician who was a reformist.
Collaborative in the form of an Indian nationalist
Dr. Zakir Hussain was the third President of independent India between May 13 1967 and May 3, 1969. The late Dr. Zakir Hussain was one of the most prominent advocates of the modernization of education across India and established the National Muslim University under his guidance. This National Muslim University founded by his name is now a major university called Jamia Millia Islamia in New Delhi where thousands of students pursue their studies in a variety of fields each year. Professor Dr. Zakir Hussain also served as the Governor of Bihar and later Vice President of the nation before he resigned from politics and then became the third president of India.
Activities for intermediate years
Zakir Hussain rose to prominence as a student-led leader in the Anglo-Muhammadan Oriental College, Aligarh. In addition to his political activities, he also displayed a keen interest in higher learning. When he completed his education, he established an institution called the National Muslim University at Aligarh on the 29th of October 1920, with just a handful of students and instructors (the school was relocated to Karol Bagh, New Delhi in 1925. A decade later, it was relocated again in Jamia Nagar, New Delhi and was renamed Jamia Millia Islamia ). At the time, he was only 23 old.
Zakir Hussain’s passion and commitment to education, not politics, is apparent in his decision to move to Germany to pursue his doctorate in Economics. While in Germany at his home at the University of Berlin, he collected some of the most memorable poems of the renowned Urdu poet Mirza Khan Ghalib. Zakir Hussain opined that the reason for education was to be used as a powerful instrument to aid India in its struggle for freedom in the fight against the British. Zakir Hussain was so committed to encouraging the education system throughout India that he was able to draw interest from his most fierce rival in politics, Mohammad Ali Jinnah
After returning to India
Dr. Zakir Hussain embarked on a journey to Germany to pursue his education, but he soon returned to India. Upon his homecoming, he assumed the role of administrative and academic leader at Jamia Millia Islamia, saving the institution from closure in 1927. Driven by his efforts, the university not only survived but flourished under his guidance for the next ten years. For a remarkable span of twenty-one years, he provided invaluable assistance, offering both academic and managerial direction to the institution. Thanks to his dedicated endeavors, the school played a pivotal role in India’s struggle for independence from British rule. As a professor, Dr. Zakir Hussain actively advocated the principles of Mahatma Gandhi and Hakim Ajmal Khan, while also becoming a prominent figure in nationwide educational reform movements until the mid-1930s.
In the year 2000, Dr. Zakir Hussain was elected as the Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University, formerly known as Anglo-Muhammadan Oriental College, in independent India. During his tenure, he successfully dissuaded many teachers at the university from supporting the idea of a separate nation called Pakistan. In recognition of his exceptional contributions, Dr. Zakir Hussain was honored with the prestigious Padma Vibhushan award in 1954. Later that same year, he received a nomination to join the Rajya Sabha, and in 1956, he became an esteemed member of the Indian Parliament. Initially appointed as the Governor of Bihar for a brief period, he went on to serve in that position for five consecutive years, from 1957 to 1962.
In 1963, Zakir Hussain was bestowed with the esteemed Bharat Ratna award as a tribute to his remarkable achievements. Numerous universities, including those in Delhi, Kolkata, Aligarh, Allahabad, and Cairo, conferred upon him the honorary degree of D.Litt (Honours). Following his tenure as Governor, Dr. Zakir Hussain was elected as the Vice President of India, a position he held for five years, commencing on May 13th, 1967. He became one of the few Muslim presidents in the country’s history and the third Indian politician to be elected President, following the footsteps of Dr. Rajendra Prasad and Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.
On May 3, 1969, Dr. Zakir Hussain passed away, precisely two years after his inauguration as the president of India. He became the first president to leave this world while holding office. His cremation took place at the premises of Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University) in New Delhi.
1897: Zakir Hussain was born on February 8,
1920: Founded the National Muslim University in Aligarh on October 29.
1925 It was the year that the campus for this university moved from New Delhi to New Delhi.
1935 National Muslim University was changed to Jamia Millia Islamia and was moved to Jamia Nagar, New Delhi.
1948: Became the Vice Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University.
1954 Awarded Padma Vibhushan
1956 became a part of the Indian Parliament
1957-62 elected as Governor of Bihar for a term that lasted for five years.
1962 Asserted as the second Vice-President of India.
1963: Recipient of the Bharat Ratna Award
1967 He became the very India’s first Muslim Indian President. India
1969: Died on May 3.
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