Biography Of Madan Mohan Malviya

Biography Of Madan Mohan Malviya


Madan Mohan Malviya

Born: 25 December 1861, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

Died: November 12, 1946

Career: Politician, Freedom Fighter and Educationist

Madan Mohan Malviya, popularly known as Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya, was a prominent Indian educationist, lawyer, politician, and freedom fighter who played a pivotal role in shaping India’s educational landscape during the pre-independence era. Born on December 25, 1861, in Allahabad (now Prayagraj) in the North-Western Provinces of British India, Malviya’s life journey was marked by tireless efforts to promote education, social reforms, and national unity.

Early Life and Education:

Madan Mohan Malviya was born into a Brahmin family with a long history of religious and literary traditions. He received his early education in Sanskrit and Persian at home under the guidance of his father, Pandit Brij Nath. Subsequently, he attended Muir Central College in Allahabad, now known as Allahabad University, where he excelled in academics and earned a B.A. degree in 1884. Later, he pursued a degree in Law and graduated from the University of Calcutta in 1891.

Legal Career and Political Involvement:

After completing his education, Malviya practiced law at the Allahabad High Court and gained recognition as a proficient lawyer. However, his passion for public service and the desire to bring about social reforms drew him towards politics. He actively participated in the Indian National Congress and became one of its prominent leaders.

Champion of Education and Journalism:

Madan Mohan Malviya recognized the importance of education as a powerful tool for societal transformation and progress. In 1904, he founded the English-language newspaper “The Leader” to promote nationalist ideas and create awareness among the masses. The newspaper played a significant role in shaping public opinion during the independence movement.

Establishment of Banaras Hindu University (BHU):

One of Malviya’s most significant achievements was the establishment of Banaras Hindu University (BHU). He envisioned an institution that would combine traditional Indian values with modern education. In 1916, he laid the foundation of BHU with the help of prominent personalities like Annie Besant and Sir Sundarlal. The university became a center of academic excellence and a symbol of national pride.



Biography Of Madan Mohan Malviya


Participation in the Freedom Struggle:

Madan Mohan Malviya actively participated in India’s freedom struggle. He led several movements and protests against British colonial rule and played a crucial role in the Non-Cooperation Movement launched by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920. He willingly faced imprisonment for his commitment to the cause of Indian independence.

Promotion of Hindu-Muslim Unity:

Malviya was deeply committed to promoting communal harmony and unity among Hindus and Muslims. He strongly believed in the principle of ‘sarva dharma sambhava’ (equal respect for all religions). His efforts to bridge the gap between the two communities were highly commendable.

Role in the Indian National Congress:

Malviya served as the President of the Indian National Congress on four occasions – 1909, 1918, 1930, and 1932. His leadership and statesmanship during these terms greatly influenced the Congress’s policies and approach toward India’s freedom struggle.


Promotion of Khadi and Swadeshi:

Like many other leaders of the time, Malviya advocated the use of Khadi (hand-spun and hand-woven cloth) and Swadeshi (indigenous products) as a means to promote self-reliance and economic independence.

Social Reforms and Philanthropy:

Apart from his contributions to education and the freedom movement, Malviya actively worked towards social reforms. He campaigned against child marriage and advocated for women’s rights and empowerment. His philanthropic efforts extended to establishing schools, colleges, and hostels for students from marginalized communities.

Legacy and Recognition:

Madan Mohan Malviya’s legacy as a visionary leader, educationist, and freedom fighter continues to inspire generations of Indians. In recognition of his contributions, Malviya was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award, in 2015.


Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya breathed his last on November 12, 1946, leaving behind an indelible mark on India’s history. His commitment to education, national unity, and social upliftment remain an enduring inspiration for the country’s growth and progress.


Biography Of Madan Mohan Malviya

Personal life

At 16 years old, Madan Mohan Malaviya married Kundan Devi from Mirzapur in 1878. The couple had 5 daughters as well as five sons.


Madan Mohan Malaviya died on 12 November 1946 as a result of disease in the latter years of his life.


The residential areas of Allahabad, Lucknow, Delhi, Bhopal, and Jaipur are named in honor of Madan Mohan Malaviya. Malviya Nagar.

It was the Government of India that issued postage bills to honor his memory.

Malviya National Institute of Technology, Jaipur, and Madan Mohan Engineer College, Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh are named after the former.

Aarti created by Madan Mohan Malaviya continues to be practiced on Har Ki Pauri Ghat. Har Ki Pauri Ghat in Haridwar.

The Banaras Hindu University assembly hall includes half-busts that depict Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya at the main entrance as well as outside the porch. They were unveiled on 25th December 1971 during Panditji Jayanti.


Biography Of Madan Mohan Malviya

Life events

The year was 1861. Madan Mohan Malaviya was born in Allahabad

1878: Married Kundan Devi

The year was 1879. Muir was admitted to Central College

1884: Graduated with a BA in 1884 from Calcutta University and became a teacher in the Allahabad District School.

In 1886, Dadabhai Naoroji attended the second session of the Indian National Congress.

The year was 1887. Began work as the editor of a national daily

1889: Resigned from the position as editor and began LLB studies.

1891: After having completed LLB and practicing before the Allahabad District Court

1907: Founded the first weekly Hindi newspaper called Abhyudaya.

1909: Became the President of the Indian National Congress

1910: The launch of the Hindi monthly “Maryada”

1911: He left his frozen legal practice to join the benefit of the nation and society.


Biography Of Madan Mohan Malviya


1912.1926: Member of the Imperial Legislative Council

1914.1946: Worked in All India Service Committee

1915: Played an important role in the passing of 1915: Played a key role in passing the Banaras Hindu University Bill

1916: Banaras Hindu University established

1917 – 1918 Participated as an official of the Industrial Commission

1919 – 1939: Served as Vice Chancellor of Banaras Hindu University

1924 – 1946 The Chairman of the Governing Body of the Hindustan Times newspaper

1928: Opposes the Simon Commission

1931 India was represented by India at the very first Round Table Conference

1932: Released Manifesto on ‘Buy Indian Movement.

1939: Appointed Life Rector of Banaras Hindu University

1941: Goraksha Mandal established

1946: Died on 12 November.

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