Biography of Mamata Banerjee -

Biography of Mamata Banerjee

Biography of Mamata Banerjee


Born On: January 5, 1955

Born In: Kolkata, West Bengal
Career: Politician

A woman who shook up the oppressive, 34-year-old communist rule of West Bengal – Mamata Banerjee is an iron lady who has a one-minded focus on her future. From a raucous political rant to being chief minister for West Bengal, she has demonstrated her determination and strength to alter the political landscape of the state. Oft, she is seen speaking in public rallies and dharnas in the open, Mamata raises a non-compromise determination to achieve her goals. This is her greatest strength. Her struggle and protest for justice against Singur, Nandigram, and brutal land acquisitions have made her a very popular leader with the people from West Bengal. A simple white cotton sari and the bag of cotton that is slung across her shoulders set her apart when compared to the other leading figures. Her ability to stimulate people through rousing speeches has made her popular with the inhabitants of West Bengal. Her powerful speeches accompanied by quotations from Tagore as well as other writers are in tune with the imagery of grassroots that drew people towards her.


Early Life

Mamata Banerjee was born on 5 January 1955 at Kolkata, West Bengal to Gayetri and Promileswar Banerjee. She was born into a middle-class family and began her political career in Congress. She danced and jumped on the front of the car driven by Jaiprakash Narayan in protest to the rogues of the government. This was in the midst of her being an undergraduate student. She finished her degree with a degree in History at the Jogamaya Devi College in southern Kolkata and was awarded an advanced degree with a focus on Islamic History from the University of Calcutta. She continued to study and completed a second qualification at Shri Shikshayatan College. Then she took a law course at Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College. Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law School, Kolkata.








Mamata Banerjee entered into politics as a Congress member, and later in the 1970s, at a young age, she was elected general secretary of the state Mahila Congress (1976-80). She fought against an experienced political figure of the communist party SomnathChatterjee at the time of the 1984 general election from Jadavpur the seat of parliament located in West Bengal and became one of the youngest Indian parliamentarians. She was also the General Secretary of the ‘All India Youth Congress. The Union Minister of State was responsible for Human Resources, Youth Affairs Sports, and Women and Child Development in the Narasimha Rao-led government of 1991. In protest at the indifference of the government to her suggestions for the growth of sports and youth development, she decided to resign. She made the bold declaration that she was seeking a “Clean Congress” and in an unpublicized gathering in Kolkata, she tied her wrap around her neck and threatened to weave a loop of it. In 1996, she protested the move of the government to raise the cost of petrol, even though she was a union minister within that government.


It was because of her total discord with her party that she resigned and founded or created the All India Trinamool Congress which quickly was a powerful resistance to the communist government of the state. She joined forces with members of the NDA Government in 1999. She was appointed the Union minister of Railways and also fulfilled several of her pledges in West Bengal. She announced 19 new trains in the 2000-2001 fiscal year. She was forced to quit the government in 2001. She resigned from the NDA administration in the year 2001 as a result of allegations and was re-elected back to the cabinet to serve as Coal and Mines minister. But, Trinamool Congress members were defeated in the West Bengal assembly elections in 2006. This was a significant loss in her career. Trinamool Congress allied with the UPA government, and Mamata Banerjee took over as Minister of the Indian Railway minister once again. The elections for the 2011 assembly marked a pivotal moment for her career in politics. The Trinamool Congress won and Mamata Banerjee was elected the chief Minister for West Bengal on 20th May 2011 and became the first female to be the Chief Minister for West Bengal.


Mamata Banerjee founded the political party “All India Trinamool Congress”. She opposed Tata Motor’s plans to construct a plant in the region. She also fought against plans to demolish the West Bengal government’s plans to take 10000 acres of land to create the creation of a Special Economic Zone (SEZ). In her first stint as the Railway minister, she focused on promoting tourism and came up with the proposal to create the “Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation Limited” to serve as an initiative to promote tourism.



1955: Mamata Banerjee was born in Kolkata.
1976: she becomes General Secretary of the West Bengal Mahila Congress.
1984 The youngest member of parliament.
1989 It loses Malini Bhattacharya in Jadavpur.
1991 Was elected Lok Sabha member for the second time after defeating CPI-M’s BiplabDasgupta1991 In 1991, he was elected the Minister of State Human Resource Development, Youth Affairs, and Women and Child Development during the Narasimha Rao government.
1997: Formation of the All India Trinamool Congress in Kolkata.
1998 Trinamool Congress comes formally.
1999 It is made Union Minister of the BJP’s National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government.
2001: Quits the NDA.
2001: Returns to the NDA.
2004: Becomes coal and mines minister.
06: Rally against the planned Tata Motors car project at Singur.
2009 Was appointed Railway Minister under the UPA government.
2011. She became the very first female Chief Minister in West Bengal by putting an end to the long-standing communist regime.

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