Biography of Rani Lakshmi Bai

Biography of Rani Lakshmi Bai


Rani Lakshmi Bai

Born: November 19, 1828, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

Died: 18 June 1858, Kota Ki Sarai, Gwalior

Scope of the investigation: Rani of Jhansi, 1857 Leader of the very first Indian freedom struggle

Rani Lakshmibai was the queen of the state of Maratha was ruled by Jhansi and was among the main protagonists of India’s initial independence fight in 1857. British rule in the year 1857. When she was just 23 she took the leadership of an army of the British Empire and was killed in a hero’s battle, however, she refused to allow the British to conquer the kingdom she ruled from Jhansi.


Life is the first step.

Lakshmibai was born on 19 November 1828 in a Marathi Brahmin family in the Varanasi district. His birth name was Manikarnika however his family members referred to him as Manu. The name of his father is Moropant Tambe and his mother’s name is Bhagirathi Sapre. His parents hail from Maharashtra. When Lakshmibai was just four years older, her mother passed away. His father was working in the service of Maratha Bajirao. Following the death of his mother, since there was nobody there to care for Manu his father took Manu along to the court of Baji Rao. Manu’s personality was a magnet for everybody and they began calling Manu “Chhabili”. Manu was offered a science education, as well as weapons training.

in 1842 Manu got married to the King Gangadhar Nimbalkar of Jhansi and was made her queen in Jhansi with her royal title altered to Lakshmibai. The year 1851 was the time Rani Lakshmibai and Gangadhar Rao had a son who was named Ratna who died at the age group of 4 months. Meanwhile, Gangadhar Rao’s health deteriorated. As his health declined it was suggested to adopt an infant son. Following the same procedure, he adopted adopting his own son Gangadhara died on the 21st of November, 1853. The name of his adopted son was Damodar Rao.

Biography of Rani Lakshmi Bai


Biography of Rani Lakshmi Bai

British’s state acquisition policy (Doctrine of Lapse) and Jhansi

In accordance with the State Grab policy of Dalhousie Governor General of British India and the British did not recognize Bala Damodar Ralo as a successor of the Jhansi state, and instead made the decision to join with the Jhansi state in the British Empire under the ‘Doctrine of Lashes’. While Rani Lakshmibai heeded the counsel of English attorney John Long and filed a lawsuit before the London court, there was no ruling that was made in favor of the British Empire which is why the case was dismissed after a lot of deliberation.

It was decided that the British have taken over from the Jhansi state treasury and directed for the payment from Gangadhar Rao, Rani Lakshmibai’s husband, to be taken from the amount of money that the Rani spends annually. The British demanded that Lakshmibai leaves at the Jhansi fort, following which she was compelled to relocate to the Rani Mahal. On the 7th of March 1854, the British were able to capture Jhansi. Rani Lakshmibai was determined to defend Jhansi through all means without giving up her courage.

Battle with the British

To combat British rule, and fight against British rule, Rani Lakshmibai started raising an army of volunteers. Women were also part of this army, and they were taught in combat. The population of Jhansi was also a part of Rani in the battle. Jhalkari Bai who was akin to Lakshmibai was awarded an important position within the military.


Biography of Rani Lakshmi Bai


In the course of the war between Rani Lakshmibai and his fellow British, Begum Hazrat Mahal and who was the former Mughal Emperor Begum Zeenat Mahal, Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah himself, Nana Saheb’s lawyer Azimullah Raja of Shanghai, Raja Mardan Singh among others. were forced to flee and British exile and exploitation by the British. Kanpurr along with Tatya Tope and others began seeking to aid Rani with this task.

In January 1858 The English army began moving towards Jhansi and attacked Jhansi in the month of March. After two weeks of battle, the British took the city back, however, Rani Lakshmibai escaped from the British army, along and her husband Damodar Rao. After fleeing Jhansi and reaching Kalpi and is reunited with Tatya Tope.

The troops comprised of Tatya Tope, Lakshmibai and Tatya seized Gwalior Fort with the help of Gwalior rebels. Rani Lakshmibai fought the British army completely, but she lost her life in battlewithinn the British Army on Kota Sarai near Gwalior on 17 June 1858.

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