Biography of Birbal Sahni

Biography of Birbal Sahni


Birbal Sahni

Born: 14 November 1891, Shahpur (now in Pakistan)

Died: April 10, 1949, in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

Scope: Archaeology

Professor. Birbal Sahni was an Indian paleontologist who made an important contribution to this field by researching fossils from the Indian subcontinent. Also, he was a geoscientist and a passionate fan of archaeology. He was the founder of his institute, the Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany in Lucknow. He studied the flora and fauna of India and made significant discoveries in paleontology. In addition to writing numerous articles and journals on these topics, Birbal Sawhney was the President of the National Academy of Sciences, India, and also the honorary president of the International Botanical Congress in Stockholm.

The first step is life.

Birbal Sahni was born on the 14th of November 1891 in Bhela, a small village in the Shahpur district (now located in Pakistan). His father’s name was Professor. Ruchira Sahni is located in Bhedha which is a stunning and charming village that is surrounded by hills and salt rocks. Bala Birbal was raised in this idyllic and beautiful environment. He was the son of Ruchiram Sahni and was an academic, teacher, and social activist. He maintained a scholarly and scientific environment at his home. Ruchira Sahni encouraged Birbal’s science fascination and interest from the age of a child. Birbal was a lover of nature from a young age and the beauty of the surroundings the green trees, and so on. attracted him.

The house was frequented by nationalists, such as Motilal Nehru Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Sarojini Naidu, and Madan Mohan Malaviya.



Biography of Birbal Sahni


Biography of Birbal Sahni


Birbal Sahni’s first training was completed at Central Model School, Lahore and then he went to Government College University, Lahore as well as Punjab University for higher education. His father is employed at Government College University, Lahore. He studied botany under his famous professor of botany, Professor Shivdas Kashyap. He graduated in 1911 and earned a B.Sc in botany from Punjab University. The exam was passed. While in college, and the war for freedom was on the horizon He also was keen to be a part of the cause, but his father kept him from further education as well as the I.C.S. Aspiring to be an officer and fulfill his dream, Birbal went to England. He received his degree at Emmanuel College, University of Cambridge, and was later Professor A.C. He began his research under the direction of Nevard (an exceptional botanist of the time). He graduated in 1919 and earned an honorary Doctor of Science degree from the University of London.

Then he moved to Munich for a while and met the famous botanist Professor. Goal. Birbal’s research under his first article appeared in “New Phytology” following which his importance in the field of botany expanded. In the same year, his second paper was published, which focused on the comparative analysis of “Nephronipes balio Bellis”. The research continued, and He wrote a paper about the growth of branching structures in “Civils” and submitted it to an award called the “Shidbury Hardy” award. In 1917, this article was included in “New Science and Phytology”.

Birbal Sahni showed so much promise in his field that he finished his education in the United States without the financial help of his parents since his scholarship continued to be awarded. It was the Royal Society of London also assisted Birbal with his research.


Professor. Birbal Sahni met many prominent researchers and scientists while in the United States. He was awarded a doctorate from the University of London. In 1919, he went back to India and was appointed the Professor of Botany at Banaras Hindu University. Following this, he was also employed at Punjab University, but here too he remained for a short period, after which the position of Chairman was transferred to the newly created Department of Botany at Lucknow University.

Cambridge University recognized his research and awarded him the degree of Sc. He was awarded the D degree.

Professor. Sawhney prefers to work in the field instead of in the laboratory. He has traveled from the salt pans in Bhela village to Bhela village to Rajmahal Hills in Bihar and inter trophy plantations to the southern part of India. In 1933 the year 1933, Prof. Sawhney was appointed as the Dean of Lucknow University. In 1943, when it was established in 1943, the Department of Geology was established at Lucknow University 1943, Professor Sawhney also taught there.

He researched Harappa, Mohenjodaro, and several sites located in the Indus Valley, and came up with a variety of conclusions about the Indus Valley Civilization. He researched Rohtak the site that was the site of the Indus Valley Civilization and found that people who lived there centuries ago were able to mint specific kinds of coins. He also researched the unique method for minting coinage in China, Rome, North Africa, and more.

He was a renowned researcher in urban botany and didn’t want to limit his knowledge only to his research, which is why he encouraged students and scientists in the early stages of their careers. As a dean of the university and professor, he made use of the allowances he was given to help scientists to pursue new research.

Dr. Birbal Sahni wanted to establish a fully-fledged Botanical Institute, but mobilizing the needed resources was a hurdle, however, his modest efforts paid off, and on the 3rd April 1946 Pandit. Jawaharlal Nehru laid out the first foundation for Birbal Sawhney Institute. Birbal Sawhney Institute. Professor. Birbal Sahni also visited Canada, America, Europe, and England to promote company development.

In 1947, then Secretary of Education Maulana Abul Kalam Azad made his invitation to become the Education Secretary of the nation however, Dr. Sahni wished to dedicate the remainder of his life to studying, researching, and botany development, so politely declined the invitation.

Biography of Birbal Sahni

Honors and Awards

Professor. Birbal Sahni has done significant research in Botany that has earned him respect and respect from both within the country and internationally. In 1930 and 1935, he was appointed Vice-President for the Pura Botanical Branch of the World Congress. President of the Indian Science Congress twice (1921 and 1928). In 1937-38 and 1943-44, he was the President of the National Academy of Sciences. In 1929, Cambridge University Dr. Sawhini Sc. Was awarded his D degree. In 1936-37, he became a Fellow of the Royal Society of London.

Personal life

After his return from overseas, Birbal Sahni married Savitri in 1920. Savitri was the granddaughter of famed Rai Bahadur Sundardas of Punjab and later, Dr. Sahni contributed in every way to the study work.

After his return to America on September 28, 1948, the scientist became sick and his body began to weaken. On April 10 in 1949, as a result of an attack on the heart, this famous scientist died in the world of the future.

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