Biography of Lal Bahadur Shastri

Biography of Lal Bahadur Shastri

 

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Born: October 2, 1904

Died: January 10, 1966

Achievements: He significant part in the struggle for freedom of India and later Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister Govind Vallabh Pant was appointed Parliamentary Secretary. minister of Police and Transport in Pant Cabinet and Cabinet Minister, Minister of Railways and Transport in Union Cabinet Secretary of Transport and Communications, Commerce and Industry in the Union Cabinet, 1964 became the Prime Minister of India

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India. Though he was not the biggest physical size he was a man of tremendous determination and courage. In 1965, he led his nation to victory in the battle against Pakistan. Jai Jawan Jai Kisan was chosen as the leader of the campaign to unite the nation during the war. Before independence, he was a key player in the movement for freedom. His life was lived straightforwardly and with integrity and was a source of inspiration for all his fellow citizens.

The first step is life.

Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904, in Mughalsarai, Uttar Pradesh. The father of his son was Sharada Prasad, and his mother was called Ramadulari Devi. Lal Bahadur’s name was Srivastava However, He changed it since he didn’t want to signify his caste. Lal Bahadur’s father was a teacher, and later he was an employee at the Income Tax Department of Allahabad. While Sharada Prasad was not wealthy but she was well-known for her honesty and kindness. Lal Bahadur’s father had only one age when he passed away. Following his death, Ramdulari Devi brought up Lal Bahadur and his two daughters in the house of her father.

An interesting incident took place in the year Lal Bahadur was six years old. A few days after returning from school Lal Bahadur went to a eucalyptus grove with his classmates heading to home. Lal Bahadur stood below while his buddies climbed the tree to pick mangoes. In the meantime, the gardener appeared and took Lal Bahadur and started cursing and beating him. The child Lal Bahadur requested the gardener to release him to the position of an orphan. In a show of compassion for the kid the gardener replied: “Since you are an orphan, you need to develop proper manners.” The words left a lasting impression on him, and He promised to be more polite in the future.

Lal Bahadur stayed in his grandfather’s home until he reached age 10. At that time, he completed his class VI examination. He was sent to Varanasi to pursue higher studies.

 

 

 

 

Life in politics

Lal Bahadur Shastri was just 17 years old when Mahatma Gandhi started his Non-Cooperation Movement against the British Government. He walked out of his school after Mahatma Gandhi demanded youngsters step out of public schools office buildings, colleges, and courts, and give up everything to gain freedom. While his family and parents suggested against doing, so, he remained in his decision. Lal Bahadur was also arrested during the Non-Cooperation Movement but was released because of his young age.

 

Following his release from prison, Lal Bahadur studied philosophy for four years at Kashi Vidyapeeth. The year 1926 was the time Lal Bahadur received the title of “Shastri”. After he departed from Kasi Vidyapeeth, he joined “The Servants of the Popular Society” established through Lala the Lajapatirai group in 1921. The primary goal of the organization is to create young people who are ready to devote their lives to the nation’s service. Lal Bahadur Shastri married Lalita Devi in 1927. The ceremony for the wedding was simple.

In 1930, Gandhiji demanded an unrest movement, and Lal Bahadur also joined this movement. He urged the people to not pay taxes and land revenue to the federal government. He was arrested and taken to jail for two and one-half years. While in prison, he was fascinated by his writings by Western revolutionary philosophers and revolutionaries, and social reformers. He is a self-confident person. While in prison one of his children was very a serious illness. The authorities decided to release the girl with an agreement that declare the fact that he will not be a participant in any freedom movements during that time. Lal Bahadur did not want to be part of the movement for freedom when his released from jail for some time but he did say that he would not discuss his opinion in writing. He thought that writing this information in writing was not his self-esteem.

Following the start of World War II in 1939 In 1940, Congress began a “people’s movement” to gain independence. Lal Bahadur Shastri was arrested during the protests and released after one year. In August of 1942, Gandhiji declared his followers to join the Quit India Movement. Participated actively in this movement. At this point, it was a time when he wanted to go underground only to be detained and released with other prominent leaders. He significantly influenced Pandit Gobind Vallabh Pant with his involvement in the 1946 provincial elections. Lal Bahadur’s managerial skills and organizational abilities came to be seen at this time. In 1947, when Govind Vallabh Pant took over as the chief Minister for Uttar Pradesh, he appointed Lal Bahadur as Parliamentary Secretary. The year 1947 saw Shastriji was appointed Minister for Police and Transport in the Pant Cabinet.

Lal Bahadur Shastri was the General Secretary of the Congress Party when the first general elections were held following India was declared an independent republic. The Congress party was able to win this election by a huge majority. The year was 1952. Lal Bahadur Shastri was named the Minister for Railways and Transport in Jawaharlal Nehru’s Union Cabinet. Lal Bahadur’s contribution to offering more comfort for passengers traveling in coaches third class is an unforgettable experience. He bridged the gap between the first and third-class railways. The year 1956 saw Lal Bahadur Shastri resign as minister and took his responsibility as a moral person for the train accident. Jawaharlal Nehru was able to convince Shastriji however Lal Bahadur Shastri was bound by his decision. Lal Bahadur Shastri set a new standard for morality in public life through his actions.

If Congress came back to power in the following general election, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the Minister of Transport and Communications and later the Minister of Commerce and Industry. In 1961, following the demise of Gobind Vallabh Pan, the minister was appointed in the position of Home Minister. In the Indo-China War of 1962, Shastriji played an important part in the protection of the internal security of the nation.

The year 1964 was the one when Lal Bahadur Shastri was the first Prime Minister to be elected by a majority vote in India after the demise of Jawaharlal Nehru. This is a difficult time in India and it is battling with several problems. The food shortage is a major issue for grains in the country, and this is causing problems with security in Pakistan. In 1965, Pakistan attacked India. The calm-mannered Lal Bahadur Shastri led the nation on this occasion with his shrewdness and understanding. The farmers and soldiers by singing Jai Jawan, and Jai Kisan. Pakistan lost during the war, but Shastriji’s leadership was celebrated.

In January 1966, discussions took place in January 1966 between Lal Bahadur Shastri and Ayub Khan in Tashkent to discuss peace that was held between India as well as Pakistan. India and Pakistan agreed to sign a joint statement that was mediated by Russia. As part of the agreement, India was able to return to Pakistan all provinces it had taken over during the conflict. This Joint Declaration was signed on 10 January 1966. Lal Bahadur Shastri died of an attack on his heart that following night.

 

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