Biography of Purushottam Das Tandon

Biography of Purushottam Das Tandon


Purushottam Das Tandon

Born: 1st August 1882. Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

Died: 1 July 1962

Task: Freedom Fighter

Purushottam Das Tandon is an Indian freedom fighter diplomat Hindi translator, journalist orator, social reformer, and orator. Because of the simple nature of his private life, he was able to gain fame through his name Rajarshi. He was a major contributor to making Hindi the official language of the nation. He established the Hindi Sahitya Samelana’ in the year 1910 in ‘Nagari Pracharini Saha in Varanasi. He was also imprisoned many times during the freedom movement.


He also served as the speaker of the United Provinces Legislative Assembly for 13 years. It is connected to the freedom movements and peasant groups. After the independence of India, the Tandon was selected as a member of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. Purushottam Das Tandon was given India’s highest civilian award ‘Bharat Ratna in the year 1961.

The first step is life.

Purushottam Das Tandon, born the 1st of August 1882, in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. His initial education was at the City Anglo Vernacular School in Allahabad. The year was 1894 when he cleared the middle examination at the school. After passing the high school exam He got was married to Chandramukhi Devi, a resident of Moradabad.

He was born in 1899. In the year 1899, he enlisted in the Congress Party and passed their intermediate test within the year. In 1900, his wife gave birth to a daughter. It was at this point that he joined the liberation struggle. When he passed the intermediate test and matriculated to Muir Central College of Allahabad University to pursue his studies further, However, because of his revolutionary actions and activities, he was kicked out of the school in the year 1901.


His father passed away in the year 1903. He graduated in 1904 amid the difficulties. Then he took an additional post-graduation in the field of history, and later enrolled in law and began his legal career in the year 1906. Following this, he began practicing before the Allahabad High Court under the guidance of the then-famous legal expert Tej Bahadur Sapru. He quit his legal advocacy in 1921 to support the freedom movement as well as social engagements.



Biography of Purushottam Das Tandon


Life in politics

His political career started in 1905 when there was a massive protest for the end of the separation of Bengal. In the Bang Bhang movement, he pledged to follow the principles of Swadeshi and began to ban products from other countries.

He joined the Congress Party in 1899 as an undergraduate. He was elected in 1906 and was a member of Allahabad as a member of the All India Congress Committee. Purushottam Das Tandon was part of the committee that was set up to investigate the Jallianwala Bagh incident by The Congress party to look into in the Jallianwala Bagh incident. Tandon is also a member of the ‘Lok Sangh’. In the 1920s, and 1930s Gandhi was a participant in The Non-Cooperation Movement and the Salt Satyagraha and was imprisoned. In addition, Jawaharlal Nehru Gandhi had been among those who were detained before returning from London Round Table Conference in 1931.

Purushottam Das Tandon also was connected to the peasant movement and was chairman of the Bihar Pradeshik Kisan Sabha in 1934. He was also the leader of the ‘Lok Seva Mandal’ which was established by Lala Lajapatirai.

He was elected over 13 years (1937-1950) as speaker of the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces (modern Uttar Pradesh). He was also a member of the Constituent Assembly of India in 1946.

After the independence of 1948, he ran for office in the office of Congress president against Pattabhi Sitaramayya but was defeated. In 1950 Acharya J.B. defeated Kripalani and was elected Congress president and resigned his post as Congress president because of disagreements with the Premier Secretary Jawaharlal Nehru.

He was elected as a member of the Lok Sabha in 1952 and the Rajya Sabha in 1956. Following this, due to health issues, the politician resigned from public life. In 1961 the Government of India honored him with the nation’s most prestigious civilian award, the ‘Bharat’.


Biography of Purushottam Das Tandon

His views on the division of the country.

on June 12, 1947, the Congress Working Committee approved the partition of the country. When the plan was put to vote at the All India Congress Committee on 14 June Purushottam Das Tandon was among those who opposed the proposal. He said that a decision to accept partition is bowing towards and bowing to the British as well as the Muslim League. He stated that partition will not favor anyone or anyone else. Hindus in Pakistan, as well as Muslims in India, will live in a state of terror.

Hindi-lovers Hindi

Rajarshi Purushottam Das Tandon was an integral role in giving Hindi its status as a national language. Hindi was made more prominent through the ‘Hindi Prachar Sabhas‘. Gandhi along with other leaders desired “Hindustani” (a mix that combines Urdu as well as Hindi) to become declared the official language of India, however, they argued for the Devanagari script, and they also oppose the usage of Urdu script as well as Arabic-Parsi language in Hindi.


Life events

The year was 1882. Purushottam Das Tandon was born on August 1, 1882.

The year is 1899. Joins Congress Party

1906: Started practicing law

1908: Admission 1908: Admitted to in 1908 to Bar at the Allahabad High Court

1908: He was an associate lawyer alongside an eminent legal expert Tej Bahadur Sapru.

1919: Joined the commission formed by the Congress party to study the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.

1921: He gives up his legal profession to allow freedom of movement.

1934: President elected of Bihar Pradesh Kisan Sabha

1937 elected Speaker of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly on 31 July

1946 Election as a member of the Constituent Assembly

1947: Refuse signing Partition Resolution. Partition Resolution on 14 June

1948: Beaten to defeat by Pattabhi Sitaramaiah in the election for the post of Congress Party President.

1950. Acharya was elected President of the Congress Party defeating JB Kripalani.

1952: Became a Member of the Lok Sabha

1956: Became a part of the Rajya Sabha

1961: Given the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian award.

1962 Death: 1 July.

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